##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

S. Swathi C. Ravikumar M. Thiruppathi P. Senthilvalavan

Abstract

Integrated nutrient management (INM) practices and suitable cropping systems are an effective and promising way for enhancing crop productivity. However, the impact of proper INM practices and cultivation methods in rice cropping systems in dry tracts remains unclear. The field study evaluated the suitable cropping system under different rice establishment methods with INM practices in a sequential cropping system( rice-black gram, rice-maize, and rice-groundnut). Treatments were designed as two rice establishment methods [Direct Seeded Rice (DSR) and Transplanted Rice (TPR)] and five  INM practices [RDF-Recommended Dose of Fertilizer (120:40:40 kg NPK ha-1) alone, RDF + Poultry manure compost @ 5 t ha-1, RDF+  Coir pith compost @ 5 t ha-1, RDF+ Green manure  @ 6.25 t ha-1 and RDF-Green leaf manure @ 6.25 t ha-1].  TPR with the INM practice of RDF + poultry manure compost @ 5 t ha-1  recorded maximum productive tillers m-2 (351), number of filled grains panicle-1 (130.2), grain yield (6709 kg ha-1) and straw yield (9015 kg ha-1) of rice. Rice fallow crops (black gram, maize and groundnut) recorded 10 – 24,10-18  and 10 - 21 % higher values of yield components and yield, respectively, in DSR with INM treatment of RDF + Green manure  @ 6.25 t ha-1 . Thus, RDF plus green manure or poultry manure application is an apt INM practice for a rice-based sequential cropping system under DSR, and the rice-black gram is an economical and sustainable cropping system for dry tracts of the southern zone of Tamil Nadu. 


 

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Black gram, DSR, INM, Organic manures, Rice, Sequential cropping system, Yield

References
Ambrosano, E. J., Cantarella, H., G. M. B. Amrosano, F. L. F. Dias, F. Rossi, P. C. O. Trivelin & T. Muraoka (2013). The role of green manure nitrogen use by corn and sugarcane crops in Brazil. Agricultural Sciences, 4(12), 1-20. DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.412A008
Aruna, E., Sagar, G. K. & Reddy. A. P. K. (2019). Productivity of rice-groundnut cropping system under integrated nutrient management. Journal of Research ANGRAU, 47(4), 38-46.
Babu, A., Dadrwal, B. K., Singh, U. P., Jakhar, R. K. & Meena. R. (2021). Use of poultry manure as organic fertilizer in different crops. The Agriculture Magazine, 1(1), 23-29.
Bastola, A. (2020). A review on effect of establishment methods on growth, yield and yield attributes of rice and on succeeding crops after rice. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology. 7(6), 134-139.
Bhardwaj, R., Singh, M. K., Singh, C. S. & Singh, A. K. (2018). Effect of crop establishment methods on yield and economics of rice (Oryza sativa L.) under puddled condition. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science. 7, 3625-3631.
Bandyopadhyay, K. K., Sarangi A., Kumar, D. & Singh, D. K. (2019). Effect of puddling and direct sowing of rice on soil physical health and water productivity of rice-wheat cropping system under different irrigation regimes. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 67(2), 160-173. http://dx.doi.org/10.5958/0974-0228.2019.00017.3
Deekshitha, D. K. D., Rao, C. S., Subbaiah, P. V., Luther, M. M. & Rao, V. S. (2021). Direct and residual effect of integrated nitrogen management on productivity of rice-maize cropping system. International Journal of Plant and Soil Science. 33(10), 28-39. DOI:10.9734/IJPSS/2021/v33i1030470
Deep, M., Kumar, R. M., Saha, S. & Singh, A. (2018). Rice based cropping systems. Indian Farming. 68(1), 27-30.
Hargilas & Jat, S. L. (2016). Effect of tillage management on direct seeded rice (Oryza sativa)-maize (Zea mays) cropping system. Maize Journal. 5(1&2), 59-62.
Hindersah, R., Kalay, A. M. & Talahaturuson, A. (2022). Rice yield grown in different fertilizer combination and planting methods: Case study in Buru Island, Indonesia. Open Agriculture. 871-881. https://doi.org/10.1515/opag-2022-0148.
Jat,H.S.,Choudhary,M.,Kakraliya,S.K.,Gora,M.K.,Kakraliya,M.,Kumar,V.,Priyanka, Pooniya,T., Mcdonald,A.J., Jat,M.L., Sharma,P.C. & Abdallah, A.M.(2022).A decade of climate-Samrt agriculture in major Agri-Food systems; earthworm abundance and soil physico-biochemical properties. Agronomy,12,658. https;//doi.org/10.3390.agr onomy12030658
Kalita, J., Bhattacharya, H. C., Thakuria, R. K., Bhattacharyya, D., Sarmah, A. & Das, K (2020). Economic Evaluation of Rice based cropping systems under rainfed medium land situation of Assam. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science. 9(4), 1960-1964. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.001
Kumar, S. S., Sultan, A., Ejaz, A. & Krishna, J. R. (2021). Integrated nutrient management in rice- A critical Review. Global Scientific Journals. 9(2), 1385-1400. DOI:10.11216/gsj.2021.02.48884
Kumar, S., Agrawal, S., Jilani, N., Kole, P., Kaur, G., Mishra, A., Gupta, S., Singh, A. P. and Tiwari,H. 2023. Effect of integrated nutrient management practices on growth and productivity of rice: A review. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 12(5), 2648-2662.
Mangaraj, S., Paikaray, R. K., Maitra, S., Pradhan, S. R., Garnayak, L. M., Satapathy, M., Swain, B., Jena, S., Nayak, B., Shankar, T., Alorabi, M., Gaber, A. & Hossain, A (2022). Integrated Nutrient Management improves the growth and yield of rice and green gram in a rice-green gram cropping system under the coastal plain agro-climatic condition. Plants. 11(1),142. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11010142.
Meena, B. L., Raja, R., Dotaniya, M. L., Nanda, G. and Meena, R. S. (2019). Integrated Nutrient Management for sustainable rice-based cropping systems and soil quality. Sustainable agriculture. 1-12.
Mounika, B., Rao, C. P., Luther, M. M., Prasad, P. R. K. & Rani, Y. A. (2018). Growth and yield of Direct seeded rice as influenced by integrated nutrient management practices. The Andhra Agricultural Journal. 65(3), 546-550.
Mondal, R., Goswami, S., Mandi, S. K. & Goswami, S. B. (2019). Quality seed production of rice as influenced by nutrient management during kharif season in the lower Indo-gangetic plains. Environment and Ecology. 37(1), 274-280.
Nazir, A., Bhat, M. A., Bhat, T. A., Rashid, Z., Mohi-ud-din, R., Fayaz, S. and Wani S. A. (2020). Indian Journal of Weed Science. 52(3), 217-221. DOI: 10.5958/0974-8164.2020.00041.6
Neti, S., Sidar, R. S., Singh, V. K. & Yadav, D. (2022). Effect of integrated nutrient management on rice yield under surguja district. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 11(7), 3473-3476.
Penuelas, J., Coello, F., & Sardans, J. (2023). A better use of fertilizer is needed for global foos security and environmental sustainability. Agriculture & Food Security. 1-9.
Porpavai, Devasenapathy, S. P., Siddeswaran, K. and Jayaraj, T. (2011). Impact of various rice based cropping systems on soil fertility. Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds. 2(3), 43-46.
Puli, M. R., Prasad, P. R. K., Babu, P. R., Jayalakshmi, M. and Burla, S. R. (2016). Effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on rice crop. Oryza. 53(2), 151-159.
Puli, M. R., Prasad, P. R. K., Jayalakshmi, M. & Rao., B. S. (2017). Effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on NPK uptake by rice crop at various growth periods. Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 8(1), 64-69.
Quion, L. K. & Cagasan,. A. (2021). A review on the integrated rice based cropping systems practices in the Phillipines. Eurasian Journal of Agricultural Research. 5(2),203-214.
Rahman, F., Rahman, M. M., Rahman, G. K. M. M., Saleque, M. A., Hossain, A. T. M. S. & Miah., M. G. (2016). Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers and rice straw on carbon sequestration and soil fertility under a rice-rice cropping pattern. Carbon management. 7(1-2): 41-53. DOI:10.1080/17583004.2016.1166425
Ma, T. S. & Zuazaga, G. (1942). Micro-kjeldahl determeination of nitrogen. A new indicator and an improved rapid method. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, analytical edition. 14(3), 280-282. https://doi.org/10.1021/i560103a035
Samant, T. K., Garnayak, L. K., Paikaray, R. K., Mishra, K. N., Panda, R. K.& Swain, S. K (2021). Effect of Nutrient management and rice establishment methods on groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) in rice-groundnut cropping system. International Journal of bio-resource and stress management. 12(6), 663-669. DOI:10.54894/JISCAR.40.1.2022.117229
Samant, T. K., Garnayak, L. M., Paikaray, R. K., Mishra, K. N., Panda, R. K. & Swain, S. K., Sarangi, S. K. & Jena, S. N. (2022). Effect of nutrient management and rice establishment methods on biochemical and physiological attributes, yield and economics of rice in rice-groundnut cropping system in coastal odisha. Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research. 40(1), 38-45. DOI:10.54894/JISCAR.40.1.2022.117229
Shreehail, Hanumanthappa, M. and Ganapathi, M. (2020). Influence of INM on Nutrient uptake, Bio-chemical properties of soil and yield attributes of paddy (Oryza sativa L.) Under Hill zone of Karnataka. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 9(5), 2818-2829. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.324
Sunarpi, H., NIkmatullah, A., Sunarwidhi, A. L., Jihadi, A., Ilhami, B. T. K., Ambana, Y., Rinaldi, R., Jurpi, A., Widyastuti, S. and Prasedya, E. S. (2021). Combination of inorganic and organic fertilizer in rice plants in screen house. International Conference on bioscience and biotechnology. 712. DOI:10.1088/1755-1315/712/1/012035
Thapliyal, S. D., Singh, D. K., Pandey, P. C., Nanda, G., & Gupta, S.(2020). Effect of different establishment methods and varieties of rice on growth, yield, NPK uptake and soil fertility after harvest in mollisols. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science. 9(6), 2857-2866. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.346
Thiagarajan, M. & Somasundaram., E. (2019). Residual effect of organic manures on growth and yield of black gram in rice black gram sequence. Madras Agriculture Journal. 369-373. http://dx.doi.org/10.29321/MAJ.201 9.000276
Yadav, S., Lal, M., Naresh, R. K., Yadav, R. B., Yadav, A. K., Yadav, K. G., Kumar, R., S. Chandra, M. and Rajput., P.(2019). Effect of organic and inorganic nutrient sources on productivity, grain quality of rice and soil health in north-west IGP: A review. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 8(12), 2488-2514. http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.293
Xu, L. X. Li, Wang, X., Xiong, D. and Wang., F. (2019). Comparing the grain yields of direct seeded and transplanted rice: A meta-analysis. Agronomy. 9(11), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9110767
Section
Research Articles

How to Cite

Yield assessment of rice-black gram, rice-maize and rice-groundnut sequential cropping system influenced by rice establishment methods and nutrient management practices in the dry tract of the Southern zone of Tamil Nadu, India. (2024). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 16(1), 27-38. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v16i1.5223