Publication Ethics and Best Practices For Authors

The authors should review the Author Guidelines and adhere to the following publication ethics and best practices. Authors need to register with the journal prior to submitting or, if already registered, can simply log in and begin the five-step process. The format of a sample paper can be downloaded from this link: Sample Paper

Journal of Applied and Natural Sciences (JANS) publishes high quality, innovative, original and significant works. The journal tries its best to reinforce transparency, confidentiality and help scientists to fulfill their responsibilities as authors and reviewers.

Note: The ethics statement of the Journal of Applied and Natural Sciences is based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and US Copyright Law: Title 17.

Authorship:

The authorship credit should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, and design, or acquisition, execution, and interpretation of data; drafting the article or revising it critically for the important intellectual content of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions like above should be recognized as co-authors.

Corresponding author- The “corresponding author” means the person who handles correspondence regarding a paper. The corresponding/submitting author is solely responsible for maintaining proper communication with the journal and between co-authors, before and after publication.

Before submission, it is the liability of the corresponding author that he/she should ensure that all authors are included in the author list and that all authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and all are aware of the submission of the paper.

The corresponding author is responsible for the accuracy of content given to the journal, in particular, the names of coauthors are present and correctly spelled, and that addresses and affiliations are up to date. This author is answerable to all the inquiries and also to ensure that those are answered promptly on behalf of all the co-authors. The name and e-mail address of this author (corresponding authors may be more than one considering the case of large collaborations) is published in the paper.

Submission to the JANS is taken by the journal to mean that all the listed authors have agreed on all of the contents. Corresponding authors are expected to have notified all authors when the manuscript is accepted. They are the point of contact with the editor and they must communicate any matters that arise after publication to their coauthors and to ensure such matters are dealt with promptly keeping consent from all the coauthors.

Duplicate publications:

Redundant publication is defined as when two or more papers, without full cross reference, share the same hypothesis, data, discussion points or conclusions. The defining characteristic of a duplicate publication is that, in addition to the above, it shares at least some of the authors. Thus, duplicate publications have one or more authors in common and a substantial amount of duplicated text also.

Any manuscript submitted to the Journal of Applied and Natural Sciences must be original. The manuscript, or substantial parts of it, must not be under consideration by any other journal. Submission of an article to the journal itself implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out.

Authors who submit a manuscript for publication containing data, reviews, conclusions, etc., that have already been disseminated in some significant manner (e.g., published as an article in another journal, presented at a conference, posted on the internet) must clearly inform to the editors and readers the nature of the previous dissemination.

Plagiarism:

Plagiarism is when a submitted manuscript/material in part or whole is not entirely one’s own work but the words and ideas have been cut-and-pasted without acknowledging the correct source. The act of substantially using another’s idea and written materials without due credit is unethical. Duplicate publication is also, sometimes called self-plagiarism.

Following acts are considered as Plagiarism:

  • Turning in someone else’s work as your own.
  • Copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit.
  • Failing to put a quotation in quotation marks.
  • Giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation.
  • Changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit.
  • Copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of work, whether you give credit or not.

It is the responsibility of the author that likewise published data, unpublished data must be properly credited and the appropriate permission has been sought. In the case of license data, authors must submit a written assurance that they have signed the data-licensing agreement with its owner.

Journal of Applied and Natural Sciences would not consider the manuscripts for publication which comes under the plagiarism. If a case of plagiarism comes to knowledge after a paper is published in the journal, the journal will conduct a proper investigation.

Plagiarism can also occur accidentally when an author does not intend to plagiarize but fails to cite his or her sources correctly and completely. Being careful and having a clear understanding of ethical writing can help to prevent this.

Copyright Infringement and Fair Use:

According to the laws of the United States (title 17, U.S. Code), copyright is a form of protection given to the authors of “original works of authorship”, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. This law gives the owner of copyright the exclusive right to do and to authorize others to publish, reproduce, sell, distribute or modify their work.

Copyright Infringement occurs when a copyrighted work is reproduced, distributed, publicly displayed, or made into a derivative work without the permission of the copyright owner. An exception to copyright infringement falls under the doctrine of “Fair Use” of copyright law and generally represents instances in which the activity is largely for nonprofit educational, scholarship, or research purposes.

The safest way is always to get permission from the copyright owner before using copyrighted material. When it seems to be impracticable to obtain permission, use of copyrighted material should be avoided unless the doctrine of “Fair Use” would clearly apply to the situation.

Confidentiality:

Journal of Applied and Natural Sciences respects the confidentiality of the research. JANS editors and editorial staff do not disclose any information about the submitted manuscripts and the communication with reviewers and authors. Editors of JANS do not comment about the manuscript under consideration by the journal or even if it is rejected.

Authors must also treat the communication as confidential. Any information regarding the manuscript submission, reviewer’s reports, and its publication should not be disclosed to any website or otherwise publicized without prior permission from the editors.

It is the duty of the reviewer to treat any manuscripts received for review as confidential documents and they should not reveal any information about the correspondence and interactions with editors. They should not be shown or discussed or commented with third parties except the editor.

Standards of objectivity and Fair play:

Journal of Applied and Natural Sciences follow the standards of objectivity and fair play. Journal’s editor will evaluate the manuscripts for their intellectual content regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship or political philosophy of the authors.

Personal criticism of the author is taken as inappropriate from the reviewer. Journal emphasizes the importance of objectivity and so reviews should be conducted objectively without any prejudices and presumptions. Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Conflict of Interest and Funding Acknowledgement:

The author(s) should certify that all authors of Manuscript have no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interests, patent licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted Manuscript, except as disclosed on a separate attachment. All funding sources supporting the work and all institutional or corporate affiliations should be acknowledged in a footnote.

Animal Ethics and Informed Consent for Human Participants:

The author should ensure that appropriate permission are taken from the concerned Animal Ethics Committee for the conduct of the research using animals. The research involving human participants proper guidelines should be followed to protect their privacy and written consent should be taken informing the participants about the data to be used in the research.

 

Reviewer's Guidelines

JANS is committed to publishing good research manuscripts based on well-explained review reports. The purpose of a good review is to help the editors to reach a decision and provide a brief and valid explanation of manuscript's areas of improvement which can strengthen the chances of acceptance or provide valid reasoning for rejection to the author. A recommendation by a reviewer for the publication of a manuscript in JANS should be based on the following criteria:

Confidentiality:

The journal considers every submitted manuscript as a confidential document and the reviewers are also expected to abide by this rule. A reviewer is not allowed to discuss the research idea of the unpublished manuscript with other colleagues without permission from the editor and author both. The manuscript ’s work cannot be implemented in the reviewer’s own research or some personal advantage.

Anonymity:

According to the journal’s policies, the reviewer’s names are not disclosed to the authors. Reviewers are asked to adopt the same policy by not mentioning their name or any other personal information in the reviewer’s comments of a manuscript.

Match the area of expertise:

The research article given for review should match the area of expertise of a reviewer and the reviewer must accept the article only if he/she feels competent enough to do the assigned work. The journal may only have the information about a reviewer’s work in a broader aspect and thus journal gives the freedom to reviewers to deny the review request from the editor on this basis.

Right to edit:

JANS holds the right to edit in or out the comments in a review report if the Editor-in-Chief finds the use of an offensive language or the disclosure of confidentiality. Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to reject a paper at any stage without assigning the reason and his decision would be final.

Respect of agreed/specified time limit:

The journal appreciates the prompt response of the review request from the reviewer and the submission of the review report within the specified time period. If the reviewer feels that a particular manuscript might take a long time due to some other professional or personal prior commitments and preventing him/her to submit a timely review, he/she should inform the editor before the deadline. In such a circumstance, an editor may defer the manuscript to some other reviewer (based on his own prior experience or on your recommendation) or may extend the allotted time.

Potential conflict of interest:

A conflict of interest eliminates the purpose of an objective evaluation of a manuscript. If a reviewer has some professional, personal or financial affiliations to the manuscript or the author or the sponsoring organization/agency, full disclosure of this information to the editor at the time of response to review request is mandatory.

Knowledge of JANS policies for authors:

A reviewer must have the knowledge of policies for authors of writing a manuscript (visit Journal’s website for the Guidelines for Authors, Publication ethics and best practice guidelines and Format for paper submission). These policies will help them to comment on whether the author is following the journal’s rules for the preparation of the manuscript. It mainly includes the originality of data, novelty of conclusions, paper’s written presentation and the ethical issues of data collection. For example, if a reviewer suspects that the submitted manuscript is a copy of another author’s language and idea from a published work, it is considered as an offense of plagiarism on ethical grounds.

Submission of Review Report:

The reviewer will use Microsoft Word track changes feature to suggest/include all the changes and recommendation in the manuscript along with the comments in separate Reviewers form along with the manuscript.