Shivani More Homraj sahare


Epipremnum aureum, commonly known as pothos, is a hardy indoor foliage ornamental crop. Mutation breeding in Golden pothos is needed to meet the demand for more valuable and highly sought-after cultivars. The present  study aimed to exploit variability on various parameters viz. new leaf emergence, survival percentage, plant height, length and width of leaves. The experiment was set up using a Complete Randomized Design (CRD) with 8 treatments and 3 replications. Rooted cuttings of Golden pothos were treated with varying concentrations of Ethyl Methane Sulfonate (EMS) for 4 hours, and a control treatment was included. The results showed that all the treated cuttings with EMS delays the new leaf emergence period compared to the control. Compared to the control, the minimum number of new leaf emergences was found in EMS-treated plants. The maximum survival percentage (100%) was recorded in 0.1%, 0.5% and control treatment. The lowest plant height (15.3 cm ) was observed in treatment T4 (1.5 % EMS) treated plants. However, maximum plant height was observed in the control treatment at 150 days of interval. In comparison to the control, EMS decreased the length and width of leaves at higher dosages. The minimum leaf length and width, i.e. 2.40 cm and 1.20 cm, were recorded in plants treated with EMS at 2%, while maximum length and width were observed in control and low EMS-treated plants.   The  study showed that ethyl methane sulfonate affected plant development characteristics and showed some dwarfness of money plants.  This appears to be the first report of EMS treatment on pothos.





Ethyl Methane Sulfonate (EMS), Mutation, Mutagenesis, Pothos, Dwarfness

Broertjes, C. & Van Harten, A. M. (2013). Applied mutation breeding for vegetatively propagated crops. Elsevier. page 54.
Chen L, Duan L, Sun M. & Yang Z (2023). Current trends and insights on EMS mutagenesis application to studies on plant abiotic stress tolerance and development front. Frontiers in Plant Science.13:1052569 https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.1052569.
Cvejić, S., Afza, R., Jocić, S., Prodanović, S., Miklič, V., Škorić, D. & Dragin, S. (2011). Radiosensitivity of sunflower inbred lines to mutagenesis. Helia, 34(54), 99-106. https://doi.org/10.2298/hel1154099c.
D'Amato, F. & Hoffmann-Ostenhof, O. (1956). Metabolism and spontaneous mutations in plants. Advances in Genetics, 8, 1-28.
Dilta, B. S., Sharma, Y. D., Gupta, Y. C., Bhalla, R. & Sharma, B. P. (2003). Effect of gamma-rays on vegetative and flowering parameters of chrysanthemum. Journal of Ornamental Horticulture, 6 (4), 328-334.
Gordon, S. A. (1957). The effects of ionizing radiation on plants: biochemical and physiological aspects. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 32(1), 3-14.
Griffiths, M. (1994). The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary: index of garden plants. Macmillan Press Ltd.
Kapadiya, D. B., Chawla, S. L., Patel, A. I., & Ahlawat, T. R. (2014). Exploitation of variability through mutagenesis in Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat.) var. Maghi. The Bioscan, 9(4), 1799-1804.
Lan, T. M., Sulaiman, S. F. & Muhammad, T. S. T. (2007). Anticancer medicinal plant, Epipremnum pinnatum (L.) Engl. chloroform extracts elicited both apoptotic and non-apoptotic cell deaths in T-47D mammary carcinoma cells. Current Applied Science and Technology, 7(1), 24-43.
Laskar, R. A., Chaudhary, C., Khan, S. & Chandra A., (2016). Induction of mutagenized tomato populations for investigation on agronomic traits and mutant phenotyping. Journal of the Saudi society of the Agrilcultural Sciences. 17, 51-60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jssas.2016.01.002 .
Misra, R. L. & Bajpai, P. N. (1983). Effect of mutagens on shooting, leaf number, heading, plant height and spike length in gladioli. Indian J. Hort. 7 : 107-110.
Mostafa, G. G. (2011). Effect of Sodium Azide on the Growth and Variability Induction in. International Journal of Plant Breeding & Genetics, 5, 76-85.
Rani B., Verma D & Maheshwar R. K. (2017). Scindapsus aureus, or Epipremnum aureum (Money Plant): An amazing air purifier. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences 6 (11): 149-150.
Rashid, M., Shamshad A. & Jankuloski, L., (2021). Effects of Ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) on Seedling and Yield Contributing Traits in Basmati Rice. Preprints, 2021030453. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints20210 3.0453.v1.
Srivastava, N., Shwarupa, S. & Bhagyawant, S. S. (2011). Comparative study on the anti-termite, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of leaf and root extracts of Pothos aurea (Epipremnum aureum L.). Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Clinical Practice, 1, 1-11.
Taemthong A. & Plitsiri, I. (2023) Using Active Green Wall Systems for both Saving Energy and Improving Indoor Air Quality in Classrooms. E3S Web of Conferences 379, 04002 (2023) https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202337904 002 ICFEE 2023.
Vaidya, P. P., Dalal, S. R. & Mahadik, M. K. (2016). Vegetative Mutagenesis Studies in Chrysanthemum. Advances in Life Sciences, 5(12), 4831-4835.
Yadav G., Beniwal B.S, Sheoran, Kimar S, Vijay, Sourabh, Kaur, M. & Kumar, S. (2018) Effect of mutagen ethyl methane sulfonate on growth characters of tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.) cv. Prajwal. International Journal of Communication system, 6(4), 412-416.
Yadav R. K., Sahoo S., Yadav A. K. & Patil S. A. (2021). Epipremnum aureum is a promising plant candidate for developing nature-based technologies for nutrients removal from wastewaters. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 9 (5): 106134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2021.106134.
Research Articles

How to Cite

Effect of chemical mutagen (Ethyl methane sulfonate) on Money plant (Epipremnum aureum). (2024). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 16(1), 385-389. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v16i1.4736