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Ranjana Yadav

Abstract

Nanoscience and nanotechnology offer a plethora of possibilities for improving the qualities of wood composites. The present study aimed to use nanotechnology to develop low formaldehyde emitting particle board as ecologically acceptable composites. Conventional urea Formaldehyde resins were prepared by the percentage of second urea at 10%. Nano-wollastonite, silica and montomorillonite with the size range of 25-100 nm were applied at 0.5-2.0% based on the weight of resin. The nano-reinforced resins were admixed with suitable hardener and the panels were made. Formaldehyde emission reduction in wood panel products is critical and it can be partially controlled by using resin modification. The effectiveness of nanoparticle addition to reducing formaldehyde emission from wood particle board was examined by the perforator method as per IS 13745 (1993). Physical and Mechanical properties were evaluated according to IS 3087 (2005). The result indicated  distinctly lower water absorption and thickness swelling of panels produced with  1.5 %, 1.5 %  and 2.0 % nano silica, nano montomorillinite and nano wollastonite respectively. The results showed that static bending of the produced composite varied from 21.07 to 28.86 N/mm2 of MOR and from 2246 - 3353 N/mm2 of MOE; while internal bond strength (IB) varied from 0.35 to 0.58 N/mm2. As per IS 3087 (2005) requirements, 1.5 % nano silica and montomorillonite and 2.0 % nano wollastonite mechanically modified urea formaldehyde based agro composites gave the best results for grade II particle boards. The study concluded that nanoparticle addition reduces the formaldehyde content in the panel without affecting the strength properties.

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Keywords

Nanoparticle, Particle board, Urea formaldehyde resin, Mechanical properties

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Yadav, R. . (2021). Development of low formaldehyde emitting particle board by nano particle reinforcement. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 13(4), 1187–1197. Retrieved from https://journals.ansfoundation.org/index.php/jans/article/view/2959
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