##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Murali Subramani Jawahar Durairaj Chitdeshwari Thiyagarajan Jagadesh Muthumani

Abstract

The present study was aimed to investigate the using iron chelates viz., ferrous glycinate and ferrous citrate for the remediation of iron deficiency in alkaline and calcareous soil. The lab experiment was carried out to study the synthesis of Fe chelates by using organic and amino acid based chelating agents. The Fe chelates were synthesized based on 2:1 molar ratio of chelating agents and metal ions. The synthesized iron chelate was characterized by using Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer (FT-IR). Finally, the synthesized amino acid and organic acid chelated iron were used to remediate the calcareous soil with black gram as a test crop. Iron content in black gram (above ground mass) tented to fluctuate at different growth stages. The highest shoot iron content of 325, 351 and 347 mg kg-1 at vegetative, flowering and harvest stages were recorded with 1% ferrous glycinate as foliar spraying on 25 and 45 Day after sowing (DAS). The root iron content was also higher in 1% ferrous glycinate as foliar spraying on 25 and 45 DAS. The current investigation affirmed that the utilizing different chelating agents like the ferrous glycinate were powerful than ferrous sulfate, which may build the iron substance and iron take-up of blackgram in various development stages.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Black gram, Calcareous soil, Ferrous glycinate, Iron uptake

References
Ahamed, S. S., Jawahar, D., Chitedshwari, T. & Sundara, D. J. (2019). Synthesis and characterization of organic zinc chelates through FT-IR. J. Pharmacogn. Phytochem., 8(4), 1217-1222.
Amin, A., A.E.F. Gharib, A., El-Awadia, M. & Rashad, E.S.M. (2011). Physiological response of onion plants to foliar application of putrescine and glutamine. Sci. Hortic., 129, 353–360.
Chaney, R.L. & Bell, P.F. (1987). Complexity of iron nutrition: Lessons for plant-soil interaction research. J. Plant Nutr., 10, 963–994.
Datir, R.B., Laware, S. L. & Apparao, B. J. (2010). Effect of organically chelated micronutrients on growth and productivity in Okra. Asian J. Exp. Sci., S1, 115-117.
El-Seginy, A.M., Naiema, M.S.M., Abd El-Messeih, W.M. & Eliwa, G.I. (2003). Effect of foliar spray of some micro-nutrients and gibberellins on leaf mineral content, fruitset, yield, and fruit quality of Anna apple trees. Alex. J. Agric. Res., 48,137-143.
Ghasemi, S., Khoshgoftarmanesh, A. H., Hadadzadeh, H. & Jafari, M. (2012). Synthesis of iron-amino acid chelates and evaluation of their efficacy as iron source and growth stimulator for tomato in nutrient solution culture. J. Plant Growth Regul., 31(4), 498-508.
Hsu, H. J. (1996). Metal amino acid chelate. United States Patent (USOO5504055A). Retrieved from https://patents. google.com/patent/US5504055A/en
Josemaría, G.M., Rodrigo, G., Cantera & Angel, Z. (2003). Interaction of different iron chelates with an alkaline and calcareous soil: A complementary methodology to evaluate the performance of iron compounds in the correction of iron chlorosis, J. Plant Nutr., 26, 1943-1954.
Kobayashi, T., Itai, R. N., & Nishizawa, N. K. (2014). Iron deficiency responses in rice roots. Rice, 7(1), 1-11.
Kumar, V., Kumar, D., Singh, Y. V., & Raj, R. (2015). Effect of iron fertilization on dry-matter production, yield and economics of aerobic rice (Oryza sativa). Indian J. Agron., 60(4), 547-553.
Manonmani, V., & Srimathi, P. (2009). Influence of mother crop nutrition on seed yield and quality of blackgram. Madras Agric. J, 96(1-6), 125-128.
Mohammadipour, R., Sed.aghat Hoor, S., & Mahboub-Khomami, A. (2013). Effect of application of iron fertilizers in two methods foliar and soil applications on growth characteristics of Spathiphyllum illusion. Eur. J. Exp. Biol., 3, 232-240.
Pal, S., Datta, S. P., Rattan, R. K. & Singh, A. K. (2008). Diagnosis and amelioration of iron deficiency under aerobic rice. J. Plant Nutr, 31(5), 919-940.
Schaffer, B., Crane, J. H., Li, C., Li, Y., & Evans, E. A. (2011). Re-Greening of lychee (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) leaves with foliar applications of iron sulfate and weak acids. J. Plant Nutr., 34(9), 1341-1359.
Schulte, E., & Kelling, A. (2004). Understanding plant nutrients: Soil and applied copper. A2527. University of Wisconsin-Extension.
Zeid, I.M. (2009). Effect of arginine and urea on polyamines content and growth of bean under salinity stress. Acta Physiol. Plant, 31, 65–70.
Zimbovskaya, M. M., Polyakov, A. Y., Volkov, D. S., Kulikova, N. A., Lebedev, V. A., Pankratov, D. A. & Perminova, I. V. (2020). Foliar application of humic-stabilized nanoferrihydrite resulted in an increase in the content of iron in wheat leaves. Agronomy, 10(12), 1891. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10121891
Citation Format
How to Cite
Subramani, M. ., Durairaj, J. ., Thiyagarajan, C. ., & Muthumani, J. . (2021). Synthesis of iron chelates for remediation of iron deficiency in an alkaline and calcareous soil. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 13(SI), 149 - 155. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v13iSI.2818
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)