In the present study, the draft requirement of five tyne duck foot plough was studied on clay soil for different soil moisture content, depth of operation and forward speed of tractor using a specially designed three-point hitch dynamometer. The designed dynamometer was matched with the tractors having category II or III hitch systems. The data acquisition system adopted for the dynamometer had NI WSN-3214 Strain Nodes, NI 9792 WSN real-time Gateway and NI LAB View 2013 software. A data logger program was developed for the three-point hitch dynamometer. The investigation was carried out at that three levels soil moisture content (10-13%, 14-16% and 17-20%), at three different depth of operation (15, 20 and 25 cm) and three levels of the forward speed of tractor (3, 5 and 7 km h-1). The designed dynamometer performed well in all the levels of the experiment. The results showed that draft force required for five tyne duck foot plough was increased (408 kg) with an increase in soil moisture content (17-20%), whereas it was increased (408 kg) with an increase in depth of operation (25 cm) and forward speed of tractor (7 km h-1). The suitable sweep, the forward speed of operation, depth of operation and soil moisture content that influenced the draft force and energy consumption for tillage operation of duck foot type plough were identified and developed duck foot plough was better coverage with better soil operation.
Clay soil, Data acquisition, Draft, Five tyne duck foot plough, Three-point hitch dynamometer
Barker, G. L., L. A. Smith, L. A. & R. F. Colwick, R. F. (1981). Three-point hitch dynamometer for directional force measurement. ASAE Paper No. 81-1044, St. Joseph, MI: ASAE.
Beigi, M., Ghazavi, M.A. & Ahmadi, I. (2014). Design and construction of load cell of a three point hitch dynamometer for tractor john deere 3140. Journal of Modern Processes in Manufacturing and Production, 3 (2), 47-58.
Jebur, H.A., & Alsayyah, Y.A.A. (2017). Study of the soil moisture content and the tractor speed on the performance efficiency of the machinery unit. OSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 10, 65-70.
Mankagh Amer M. (2019). Review of fuel consumption, draft force and ground speed measurements of the agricultural tractor during tillage operations. Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, 3(4), 1-9.
Manoharan, M. (2017). Effect of soil adhesion on mould board plough as influenced by surface configuration and coating material. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. Department of Farm Machinery, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.
Moeinfar, A., Mousavi-Seyedi, S. & Kalantari, D. (2014). Influence of tillage depth, penetration angle and forward speed on the soil/thin-blade interaction force. Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal, 16 (1), 69-74.
Nobakht, N., Askari, M., Nikbakht, A.M. & Ghorbani, Z. (2017). "Development of a dynamometer to measure all forces and moments applied on tillage tools." MAPAN 32 (4),311-319.
Safari, M., & Gazor, H. R. (2014). Comparison of conventional tractors performance during primary tillage in Iran. Agric Eng Int: CIGR Journal, 16(1), 61?68.
Tewari, V., N. Ravi, K. Jha, & A. Ashok. (2012). Design and development of a three-Point-linkage dynamometer for tillage research. Agricultural Engineering Today 36 (3),33-38.
Upadhyaya, S. K., Williams, T. H., Kemble, L. J., & Collins, N. E. (1984). Energy requirements for chiseling in coastal plain soils. Transactions of the ASAE, 27(6), 1643-1649.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)