##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

H. S. Thakare P. K. Shrivastava Kirti Bardhan

Abstract

Global warming is casting its shadow in the form of climatic changes that is affecting the local weather conditions which has its bearing on crop production and water availability, the basic necessities for survival of life on the planet. In the present study, an attempt was made to investigate the cause of poor production of cotton in 2011-12 in Surat, Gujarat as compared to 2012-13 and 2013-14. Weather data since 2000 was analyzed and compared with the data of 2011-12 and comparison was made to find the abnormality in cotton crop productivity. It was found that during 2011-12, there was delayed monsoon, as well as during squaring and flowering stage (i.e. in August 2011) there was high rainfall (595.6 mm), maximum and minimum temperatures were above normal, during development (June-August) and flowering stage of crop (October-December) which disturbed the crop physiology indirectly affecting the yield of cotton. The combined effect of rainfall and temperature was on relative humidity that created conducive atmosphere for insect and pest attacks on crops. Due to changes in temperature and relative humidity, evaporative water demands would have further aggravated the watering needs of crop. The study concludes that erratic monsoon or delayed monsoon hampers crop physiology ultimately yield due to erratic weather conditions. Further, such changes in cotton growing areas could form the basis of planning and decisions on pricing, crop insurance, export and import policies of cotton crop.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Cotton, Rainfall, Relative humidity, Temperature

References
Bange, M. (2007). Effects of climate change on cotton growth and development. The Australian Cotton Grower, 40-45.
Bhan, S.C. and Kharbanda, K.L. (2004). Effect of rainfall and temperature distribution on incidence of American bollworm on cotton in Haryana. Mausam, 55 (3): 481-484.
Bhargawa, S.C. and Bharadwaj, S.N. (1969). Effect of photoperiod and sowing time of flowering of cotton H- 14. Indian J. Agric. Sci., 39: 553-556.
Chattopadhyay, N., Samual, R.P. and Banerjee, S.K. (2008). Effect of weather on growth and yield of cotton grown in the dry farming tract of peninsular India. Mausam, 59 (3): 339-346.
Deshmukh, D.T. and Lunge, H.S. (2012). Impact of global warming on rainfall and cotton lint with vulnerability profiles of five districts in Vidarbha, India. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 1 (11): 77-85.
Dubey, R.C., Choudhary, A. and Kale, J.D. (1995). The estimation of cotton yield based on weather parameters on Maharashtra. Mausum, 46: 275-278.
Ghosh, K., Rajavel, M., Samui, R.P., Singh, G.P. and Karmakar, C. (2014). Forewarning incidence of American boll worm (Heliothis armigera H.) of cotton at Akola in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. Mausam, 65 (1): 73-82.
Gupta, B.R.D. and Pandey, V. (1991). Influences of weathers parameters and agroclimatic elements on cotton yield at Surat. Mausam, 42: 107-110.
Gwimbi, P. and Mundoga, T. (2010). Impact of climate change on cotton production under rainfed conditions: Case of Gokwe. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 12 (8): 59-69.
ICAC (2007). (International Cotton Advisory Committee, United States of America) Global warming and cotton production – Part 1. In: ICAC Recorder, 25 (4): 12–16.
ITC (2011). Cotton and Climate Change: Impacts and options to mitigate and adapt. Geneva: xii, p 32. International Trade Centre (Technical paper).
James Henry Hammond (2006) Cotton is king, Speech by Senate of South Carolina before United States Senate, Teaching American History : 311-322
Parvin, D.W., Martin, S.W., Cooke, F. Jr. and Freeland, B.B. (2005). Economics and Marketing: Effect of harvest season rainfall on cotton yield. The Journal of Cotton Science, 9: 115–120.
Ramamurthy, M., Rajaram, V., Rajenderan, M. and Krishnadoss, D. (2000). Impact of weather parameters on cotton pests. J. Cotton Res. Dev., 14: 193-195.
Reddy, K.R., Davidonis, G.H., Johnson, A.S. and Vinyard, B.T. (1999). Temperature regime and carbon dioxide enrichment alter cotton boll development and fiber properties. Agron. J., 91:851-858.
Sankaranarayanan, K., Praharaj, C.S., Nalayini, P., Bandyopadhyay, K. and Gopalakrishnan, N. (2010). Climate change and its impact on cotton (Gossypium sp.). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 80 (7): 561-575.
Santharam, V. (1981). Cotton, Series No. 1, ICAR, New Delhi.
Shaha, S.K. and Banerjee, J.R. (1975). Influences of rainfall, humidity, sunshine, maximum and minimum temperature on yield of cotton at Coimbatore. Indian J. Met. Hydrol. & Geophys., 26: 518-524.
Singh, P. and Kairon, M.S. (2008). Cotton varieties and Hybrids. CICR Technical bulletin No: 13. Central Institute for Cotton Research Nagpur. (www.cicr.org.in)
Singh, S.P., Sekhon, B.S., Brar, J.S., Dhaliwal, L.K. and Chahal, S.K. (2009). Effect of weather parameters and plant geometry on sucking pest dynamics in Bt and non Bt cotton. Journal of Agrometeorology, 11: 129-234.
Srinivasan, P.S. (1973). Influences of rainfall on the yield of cotton in Madya Pradesh. Indian J. Agric. Sci., 43: 854-859.
Williford, J.R., Cooke, F.T., Caillouet, D.F. and Anthony, S. (1995). Effect of harvest timing on cotton yield and quality. In Proc. Beltwide Cotton Conf., San Antonio, TX. Natl. Cotton Counc. Am., Memphis, TN. (4-7 January 1995): pp. 633-635.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Thakare, H. S., Shrivastava, P. K., & Bardhan, K. (2014). Impact of weather parameters on cotton productivity at Surat (Gujarat), India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 6(2), 599-604. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v6i2.503
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles