T. L. Thentu D. Dutta D. Dutta Mudi A. Saha


Field experiment was conducted at Central Research Farm of Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyala, Gayespur, West Bengal during winter seasons of 2011-12 and 2012-13 to assess the comparative effectiveness of drip and conventional surface irrigation with and without mulch on growth and yield of broccoli. The experiment was laid out in split-plot design replicated thrice. Main plot treatments consist of four levels of irrigation such as surface irrigation with IW/CPE 1.0 and three drip irrigation at 1.0, 0.8 and 0.6 ETc (crop-evapotranspiration), and three mulch levels like no mulch, black polythene mulch and paddy straw mulch @ 5t/ha in sub-plots. The results showed that drip irrigation at 0.8 ETc showed significantly higher (P = 0.05) plant height (45.69 cm), no of leaves plant-1 (17.66), leaf size index (743.99 cm2), plant spread (89.94 cm), curd diameter (14.43 cm) and marketable curd yield (17.82 t ha-1) of broccoli, which was at par with drip at 1.0 ETc. Minimum growth and yield was obtained with drip irrigation at 0.6 ETc in both the years. Similarly, significantly the highest (P = 0.05) plant variables and curd yield was obtained with use of black polythene mulch over paddy straw and no mulch treatments. However, drip irrigation at 0.6 ETc registered maximum water use efficiency of 117.31kg ha-mm-1 and water saving of 38.43%. The interaction effect showed that drip irrigation at 0.8 ETc along with black polythene mulch produced significantly higher marketable curd yield. The experimental findings can be recommended for growing high value crop broccoli with water saving drip irrigation at ETc 0.8 along with plastic mulch technology in the water scarce regions of West Bengal.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Broccoli, Drip Irrigation, Mulch, Water use efficiency, Yield

Akbari, M., Dehghanisanij, H. and Mirlatifi, S.M. (2009). Impact of irrigation scheduling on agriculture water productivity. Iranian Journal of Irrigation and Drainage. 1: 69-79.
Bora, N.J. and Babu, H.M. (2014). Drip irrigation and black polyethylene mulch pressure on development, yield and water-use efficacy of tomato. International Journal of Irrigation and Water Management . 1 : 1-4.
El-Helaly, M.A. (2012). Effect of nitrogen fertilization rates and potassium sources on broccoli yield, quality and storability. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences. 8(4) : 385-394.
Fabek, S., Toth, N., Redovnikovic, I.R., Custic, M.H., Benko, B. and Zutic, I. (2012). The effect of nitrogen fertilization on nitrate accumulation, and the content of minerals and glucosinolates in broccoli cultivars. Food Technology Biotechnology. 50(2) : 183-186.
Gomes, R., Khan, M.S. and Islam, M.M. (2000). Effects of irrigation and nitrogen on broccoli in grey terrace soil. Bangladesh Journal of Agriculture Research. 25 : 423-430.
Gupta, R. and Acharya, C.L. (1993). Effect of mulch induced hydrothermal regime on root growth, water use efficiency, yield and quality of strawberry. Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 64: 608-612.
Himanshu, S.K., Singh, A.K., Kumar, S. and Kalura, P. (2013). Response of broccolli to irrigation scheduling and methods under drip, sprinkler and surface irrigation. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology. 2(4) : 777-782.
Imtiyaz, M., Mgadla, N.P., Chepete, B. and Mothobi, E.O. (2000). Yield and economic returns of vegetable crops under varying irrigation. Irrigation Science. 114(2) : 265-268.
Karam, F., Masad, R., Bachour, R., Rhayem, C. and Rouphael, Y. (2009). Water and radiation use efficiencies in drip irrigated pepper response to full and deficit regimes. European Journal of Horticultural Science. 74: 79-85.
Kashyap, S., Phookan, D.B., Baruah, R. and Bhuyan, P. (2009). effect of drip irrigation and polythenne mulch on yield, quality water use efficiency and economics of broccoli production. Indian Journal of Horticulture. 66 (3) : 323-325.
Kumar, M., Das, B., Prasad, K.K. and Kumar. P. (2013). Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) under Jharkhand conditions. Vegetable Science. 40 (1) : 117-120.
Panigrahi, P. and Srivastava, A. K. (2011). Integrated Use of Water and Nutrients through Drip Irrigation in Nagpur Mandarin. Journal of Agricultural Engineering. 48 (3) : 44-51.
Rao, V.K. and Pathak, R.K. (1998). Effect of mulches on aonla (Emblica officinalis) orchard in sodic soil. Indian Journal of Horticulture. 55 : 27-32.
Sharma, A.R., Singh, R., Dhyani, S.K. and Dube, R.K. (2010). Moisture conservation and nitrogen recycling through legume mulching in rainfed maize (Zea mays)- wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 87 (2) : 187-197.
Sharma, S., Patra, S. K., Roy, G. B. and Bera, S. (2013). Influence of drip irrigation and nitrogen fertigation on yield and water productivity of guava. The Bioscan. 8 (3) : 783-786.
Singh, R. (2005). Influence of mulching on growth and yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) in north India plains. Vegetable Science. 32 (1) :55-58.
Singh, R., Kumar, S., Nangare, D. D. and Meena, M. S. (2009). Drip irrigation and black polyethylene mulch influence on growth, yield and water-use efficiency of tomato. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 4 (12) : 1427-1430.
Tiwari, K.N., Singh, A., Singh, A. and Mal, P.K. (2003). Effect of drip irrigation on yield of cabbage under mulch and non-mulch conditions. Agriculture Water Management. 58 : 19-28.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Thentu, T. L., Dutta, D., Mudi, D. D., & Saha, A. (2016). Performance of broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) under drip irrigation and mulch. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(3), 1410–1415. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i3.974
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles