Ritu Sharma Amit Kumar


The present study determined the effect of clonal rootstock of Prunus and their graft compatibility with peach, plum and apricot cultivars. Prunus scion cultivars were tongue grafted on respective Prunus clonal rootstocks in the last week of January, 2006. The study indicated that with respect to graft success, Myrocal exhibited higher
bud take with apricot (66.67 %) than plums (63.89 %) with 1.15 and 1.20 stock/scion ratio, respectively. Julior exhibited higher bud take with plums (91.77 %) than peaches (86.11%) with 1.10 and 1.07 stock/scion ratio, respectively, whereas, Julior exhibited higher bud take with plum (91.77 %) than peaches (86.11 %) with 1.10 and 1.07 stock/scion ratio, respectively. Comparative studies indicate higher bud take of plum cvs Frontier (91.64 % ) and Red Beaut (91.84 %) on Julior as compared to Myrocal. Peach scion cultivars recorded more annual growth in terms of plant height (0.73 m) and plant spread (0.48 m x 0.62 m) than plum scion cultivars on Julior. Contrary to higher vigour recorded in nectarine scions compared to peach scions grafted on Julior, annual growth has been observed to be higher in peaches than in nectarines. Comparative studies indicate plant height, plant spread, trunk girth, internodal length and pruning weight of both plum cultivars to be higher on Myrocal than on Julior. With the present study, it is clear that Myrocal is more vigorous than Julior rootstock and both the rootstocks can be utilized for propagation with Prunus cultivars studied.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Clonal rootstock, foliage, Julior, Growth, Myrocal, Prunus

Ahmad, I., Cheng, Z., Liu, T., Nan, W.C., Ejaz, M., Khan, M.A. and Wasila, H. (2012). Effect of different time of budding on the bud take success of peach on peach rootstock. Advances in Environmental Biology 6(5): 1848-1852.
Bassi, G. (2003). Apricot rootstocks for cultivar S. Castrese. Informatore Agrario 59(35): 47-50.
Beakbane, A. and Majumdar, P.K. (1975). A relationship between stomatal density and growth potential in apple. Jr. Horti. Sci. 50: 285-289.
Boyhan, G.E, Norton, J.D, Pitts, J.A. and Himelrich, D.G. (1998). Growth, yield, survival and nutrient concentrations of plums on various rootstocks. Fruit Var. Jr. 52 (2): 71-79.
Edin, M., Garcin, A. and Grasselly, C. (1989). Peaches, the performance in the orchard on four new rootstocks. Infos-Paris 54: 33-39.
Gainza, F., Opazo, I., Guajardo, V., Meza, P., Ortiz, M., Pinochet, J. and Munoz, C. (2015). Rootstock breeding in Prunus species: Ongoing efforts and new challenges. Chilean Jr. Agri. Res. 75 (Suppl. 1): 6-17
Giorgio, V. and Gallotta, A. (2000). Performance of three apricot cultivars on five rootstocks. Informatore Agrario 56: 61-63.
Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 680p.
Halfacre, R.G., Baraden, J.A. and Rollens, H.A. Jr. (1968). Effect of Alar on morphology, chlorophyll content and net CO2 assimilation rate of young apple trees. Procee. Amer. Soc. Horti. Sci. 93: 40-52.
Hartmann, W. (1987). Ishtara, an interesting rootstock for plums and prunes. Obstbau 12(7): 304-305.
Hiscox, J.D. and Israeeistam, G.F. (1979). A method for extraction of chlorophyll from leaf tissue without maceration. Canadian Jr. Botany 57: 1332-1334
Hrotko, K, Magyar L, Simon G and Klenyon T. (1998). Effect of rootstocks on growth of plum cultivars in a young orchard. Acta Horti. 478: 95-98.
Makariev, Z., Milanov, B. and Poichev, K. (1986). Photosynthetic potential productivity of Golden Delicious apple trees grown under various cultural systems. Rasteniev'dni Nauki 23(3): 71-76.
Miller, E.C. (1977). Stomatal distribution as an index for predicting vigour of plum rootstocks. Indian Jr. Horti. 34(2): 117-119.
Mitov, P. and Dyakov, D.S. (1989). The effect of different seedling and clonal rootstocks on growth and reproductive development of peach cv. Babygold 6. Rasteniev'dni Nauki 26(7): 65-69.
Nicotra, A. and Moser, L. (1999). Plum rootstocks. Informatore Agrario Supplemento 55(6): 46-50.
Nisar, N., Muhammad, J., Sher-Muhammad, Noor, R. and Abdur, R. (2002). Performance of different stone fruits (peach, plum, apricot and almond) budded on peach rootstock under the agroclimatic conditions of Peshawar. Sarhad Jr. Agri. 18(4): 379-381.
Perry, R., Reighard, G., Ferree, D., Barden, J., Beckman, T., Brown, G. and Cummins, J. (2000). Performance of the 1984 NC-140 cooperative peach rootstock planting. Jr. Amer. Pomo. Soc. 54(1): 6-10.
Radice, S., Dessy, S., Andorno, A. and Ontivero, M. (2004). A preliminary study on the vegetative behaviour of the ‘Forastero’ peach cultivar grafted on different rootstocks. Acta Horti. 658: 213-219.
Renaud, R. and Salesses, G. (1994). Interspecific hybridization and rootstocks breeding for European Plums. Acta Horti. 359: 97-100.
Rozpara, E. and Grzyb, Z.S. (1994). Growth and cropping of twelve plum cultivars grafted to two rootstocks. Acta Horti. 359: 229-236
Salvador, F.R. de, Ondradu, G. and Scalas, B. (2002). Horticultural behaviour of different species and hybrids as rootstocks for peach. Acta Horti. 592: 317-322.
Schiaffino, M.R. and Radice, S. (2009). Rootstock effects on growth, yield, fruit quality and light interception in 'Forastero' (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch) peach. Adv. Horti. Sci. 23(3): 185-195
Sharma, R.L. and Sharma, R.P. (1986b). Nursery performance of some plum cultivars on important rootstocks. In: Advances in Research on Temperate Fruits, T R Chadha, V P Bhutani and J L Kaul. (eds) Dr. YSP UHF, Nauni-Solan, pp. 149-153.
Simard, M.H. and Olivier, G. (1998). Julior®-Ferdor and apricot cultivars. Arboriculture Fruitiere 523: 39-42.
Sitarek, M., Grzyb, Z.S., Guzowska-Spaleniak, B. and Lis, J. (2004). Performance of three rootstocks for plums in two different soils and climatic conditions. Acta Horti. 658: 273-277.
Stadler, J.D. and Lotze, G.F.A. (1991). Effect of seedling and clonal rootstocks on growth and yield of peach and nectarine cultivars. Jr. South Afri. Soc. Horti. Sci. 1(2): 51-54.
Webster, T. (2002). Dwarfing Rootstocks: Past, Present and Future. The Compact Fruit Tree 35(3): 67-72
Westwood, M.N. (1978). Temperate Zone Pomology, W H Freeman & Co., San Francisco, California, 429p.
Zeb, A., Ishtiaq, M. and Noor, R. (2002). Bud take success and budding growth of peach cultivars on different rootstocks. Sarhad Jr. Agri. 18(2): 193-197.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Sharma, R., & Kumar, A. (2016). Bud take success, growth and foliage characters of different Prunus cultivars on Myrocal and Julior clonal rootstock. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(3), 1326–1332. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i3.962
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)