R. K. Joshi


The aim of present study was, to investigate the essential oil of Craniotome furcata for its antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. The essential oil was obtained by steam distillation of the flowering aerial parts of C. furcata. The oil was tested for its antimicrobial activity in vitro against four Gram-positive, four Gram-negative bacteria and three fungi, by using disk diffusion and tube dilution methods. The antioxidant potential of the essential oil was investigated by two different models DPPH free radical and ABTS free radical cation scavenging. The essential oil was effective against all the tested microorganisms, with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) ranged from 4.11±1.44 to 0.30±0.10 mg/ml. The oil showed antioxidant activity in DPPH free radical and ABTS free radical cation scavenging model. The results of this study revealed that the essential oil of C. furcata possesses antimicrobial and antioxidant activities.


Download data is not yet available.




Craniotome furcata, Antimicrobial activity, MIC, Antioxidant activity, DPPH, ABTS

Abdalla, A.E. and Roozen, J.P. (1999). Effect of plant extracts on the oxidative stability of sunflower oil and emulsion. Food Chemistry, 64: 323–329.
Aruoma, O.I. (2003). Methodological considerations for characterizing potential antioxidant actions of bioactive components in plant foods. Mutation Research, 9: 523-524.
Birt, D.F., Hendrich, S. and Wang, W.Q. (2001). Dietary agents in cancer prevention: flavanoids and isoflavonoids. Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 90: 157-177.
Burt, S.A. and Reinders, R.D. (2003). Antibacterial activity of selected plant essential oils against Escherichia coli O157:H7. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 36: 162–167.
Chun, S.S., Vattem, D.A., Lin, Y.T. and Shetty, K. (2005). Phenolic antioxidants from clonal oregano (Origanum vulgare) with antimicrobial activity against Helicobacter pylori. Process Biochemistry, 40: 809-816.
Cowan, M.M. (1999). Plant products as antimicrobial agents. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 12: 564-582.
Delaquis, P.J., Stanich, K., Girard, B. and Mazza G. (2002). Antimicrobial activity of individual and mixed fractions of dill, cilantro, coriander and eucalyptus essential oils. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 74: 101–109.
Fan, C.Q., Sun, H.F., Chen, S.N., Yue, J.M., Lin, Z.W. and Sun, H.D. (2002). Triterpene saponins from Craniotome furcata. Natural Product Letters, 16: 161-166.
Geissman, T.A. (1963). Flavonoid compounds, tannins, lignins and related compounds. In: Florkin M and Stotz EH (eds). Pyrrole Pigments, Isoprenoid Compounds and Phenolic Plant Constituents. New York, USA, Elsevier Press.
Greenberg, E.R., Baron, J.A. and Tosteson, T.D. (1994). A clinical trial of antioxidant vitamins to prevent colorectal cancer. New England Journal of Medicine, 331: 141-147.
Gulçin, I., Sat, I.G., Beydemir, S., Elmastas, M. and Kufrevioglu, O.I. (2004). Comparison of antioxidant activity of clove (Eugenia carphylata Thumb) buds and lavender (Lavandula stoechas L.). Food Chemistry, 87: 393-400.
Gupta, R.K. (1968). Flora Nainitalensis. New Delhi: Navyug Publication, p. 276.
Hernandez, T., Canales, M., Avila, J.G., Garcia, A.M., Martínez, A., Caballero, J., Romo de Vivar, A. and Lira, R. (2005). Composition and antibacterial activity of essential oil of Lantana achyranthifolia Desf. (Verbenaceae). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 96: 551-554.
Hou, W.C., Chen, Y.C., Chen, H.J., Lin, Y.H., Yang, L.L. and Lee, M.H. (2001). Antioxidant activities of trypsin inhibitor, a 33 KDa root storage protein of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam cv. Tainong 57). Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 49: 2978–2981.
Inouye, S., Yamaguchi, H. and Takizawa, T. (2001). Screening of the antibacterial effects of variety of essential oils on respiratory tract pathogens, using a modified dilution assay
method. Journal of Infection Chemotherapy, 7: 251-254.
Joshi, R. K., Pande, C., Mujawar, M. H. K., and Kholkute, S. D. (2009). Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential Oil of Anaphalis nubigena var. monocephala. Natural Product Communications, 4: 993-996.
Joshi, R.K. and Pande, C. (2008). Chemical composition of the essential oil of the flowering aerial parts of Craniotome furcata. Natural Product Communications, 3: 923-924.
Kuta, F.A. (2008). Antifungal effect of Calotropis procera stem bark on Epidermophyton flocosum and Trichophyton gypseum. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7: 2116-2118.
Manandhar, N.P. (1992). Folklore medicine of Dhading district, Nepal. Fitoterapia, 63: 163-177.
McFarland, J. (1987). Standardization of bacterial culture for the disc diffusion assay. Journal of the American Medical Association, 49: 1176-1178.
Michaud, D.S., Feskanich, D., Rimm, E.B., Colditz, G. A., Speizer, F. E., Willett, W. C. and Giovannucci, E. (2000). Intake of specific carotenoids and risk of lung cancer in two prospective U.S. cohorts. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72: 990-997.
Murthy, M.M., Subramanyam, M., Giridhar, K.V. and Jetty, A. (2006). Antimicrobial activities of bharangin from Premna herbaceae Roxb. and bharangin monoacetate. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 104: 290-292.
Nazer, A.I., Kobilinsky, A., Tholozan, J.L. and Dubois- Brissonnet, F. (2005). Combinations of food antimicrobials at low levels to inhibit the growth of Salmonella sv. Typhimurium: a synergistic effect. Food Microbiology, 22: 391-398.
Palazzo, M.C., Agius, B.R., Wright, B.S., Haber, W. A., Moriarity, D.M. and Setzer, W.N. (2009). Chemical compositions and cytotoxic activities of leaf essential oils of four Lauraceae tree species from Monteverde, Costa Rica. Records of Natural Products, 3: 32-37.
Pellegrini, N., Re, R., Yang, M. and Rice-Evans, C. (1999). Screening of dietary carotenoids and carotenoid-rich fruit extracts for antioxidant activities applying 2,2’ azinobis (3- ethyenebenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical cation decolourization assay. Methods Enzymol, 299: 379–389.
Pujol, V., Seux, V. and Villard, J. (1990). Recherche de substances antifongiques secretees par les champignons superieurs en culture. Annales Pharmaceutiques Francaises, 48: 17-22.
Wan, J., Wilcock, A. and Coventry, M. J. (1998). The effect of essential oils of basil on the growth of Aeromonas hydrophila and Pseudomonas fluorescens. Applied Microbiology, 84: 152-158.
WHO, (2007). http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs134/en/.
Yue, J.M., Chen, S.N., Yang, S.P., Fan, C.Q., Lin, Z.W. and Sun, H.D. (2001). Chemical components from Craniotome furcata. Zhiwu Xuebao, 43: 1199-1201.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Joshi, R. K. (2010). In vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oil of Craniotome furcata. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 2(1), 57-62. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v2i1.95
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles