P. A. Sofi Sajad A. Bhat T. H. Masoodi M. A. Islam G. M. Bhat A. R. Malik


Propagation of Himalayan maple (Acer caesium Wall.) through seed and softwood cuttings was investigated to standardize nursery techniques for mass production of the species. The seedlings were raised from viable seeds in different containers filled with different combinations of growing media. Vegetative propagation of softwood
cuttings was carried out by treating with different combinations of IBA and Willow leachate of different durations. The statistical analysis revealed the differential behaviour of various nursery stocks with respect to survival, growth and biomass. The growing media soil:sand:vermicompost (2:1:2) and container (root trainer 300 cc) showed maximum germination (61.00%), seedlings height (35.17 cm), collar diameter (5.07 cm), shoot:root ratio (1.24) and survival percentage (76.33%). Conversely, the cuttings treated with IBA @ 8000 ppm showed maximum sprouting (74.50%), rooting (66.75%), length of longest root (14.65 cm), no. of roots per cutting (33.00%), shoot length (13.90 cm) and survival percentage (41.50%). Hence, the seeds of the species should be grown in Rot trainer of 300 cc having soil:sand:vermicompost (2:1:2) to get good quality planting materials. However, the softwood cuttings should be given treatments with IBA @ 8000 ppm for mass production of plants vegetatively.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Acer caesium, IBA, Propagation, Root trainer, Seed, Softwood, Willow leachate

Alsup, C.A. and Cole, J.C. (2001). Vegetative propagation and anatomy of root initiation in Acer saccharum ‘Caddo’ cuttings. Dissertation, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Okla.
Alsup, C.M. (2001). Vegetative propagation and anatomy of root initiation in Acer saccharum ‘Caddo’ stem cuttings. Ph.D. Thesis, Okla. State Univ., Stillwater.
Anonymous (1983). Troup’s Silviculture of Indian trees. Vol. III. Controller of Publication, Delhi, India. Anon. (1985). Information on important tree species. FRI & Colleges, Dehradun, India.
Anonymous (2011). Directorate of Economics and Statistics, District Statistics and Evaluation Office, Baramulla, Jammu and Kashmir.
Atik, A. and Y?lmaz, B. (2014). Effects of treatment with vermicompost on the some morphological and physiological characteristics of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 3: 42-55.
Bahuguna, V.K., Maithani, G.P., Dhaundiyal, U.D. and Unnikrishna, K.P. (1987). Standardization of nursery techniques of Acacia albida Del. under north Indian moist climatic conditions. Indian Forester, 13: 95-100.
Bhardwaj, S.D, Shamet, G.S., Chauhan, P.S. and Mishra, V.K. (1996). Nursery and plantation technology of Chirpine (Pinus roxburghii) under Solan conditions of Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Journal of Agricultural Research, 12(1): 15-21.
Brock, J., Griffin, J. and Boyer, C. (2012). Rooting stem cuttings of woody ornamentals in a cedar amended substrate. Southern Nursery Assoc., 57: 284-286.
Brock, J.A. (2014). Rooting stem cuttings of Shantung maple (Acer truncatum), mound layering shantung and Caddo sugar maples (Acer saccharum) and using eastern red Cedar (Juniperus virginia) as a substrate component in stem cutting propagation. M.Sc. Thesis, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas.
Elfadl, A.M. (2013). Growth performance and physiological characteristics of seedlings of six tropical dry land forest tree species in the Sudan. Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, 1(2): 25-33.
Gangoo, S.A., Masoodi, N.A., Banyal, R. and Islam, M.A. (2009). Vegetative propagation of four important timber yielding species of Kashmir, The Indian Forester, 135 (12): 1693-1700.
Ghosh, R.C. (1977). Hand book on Afforestation Techniques. Controller of Publication, Delhi, India.
Islam, M.A., Masoodi, T.H., Gangoo, S.A., Sofi, P.A., Bhat, G.M., Wani, A.A., Gatoo, A.A., Singh, A. and Malik, A.R. (2015). Perceptions, attitudes and preferences in agroforestry among rural societies of Kashmir, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 7(2): 976-983.
ISTA (1999). Tropical and Sub-Tropical Tree and Shrub Seed Handbook. International Seed Testing Association, Zurich, Switzerland.
Khali, R.P and Sharma, A.K. (2003). Effect of phytohormones on propagation of Himalayan yew (Taxus baccata L.) through stem cuttings. Indian Forester, 129(2): 289-294.
Luna, R. K. (2005). Plantation Trees. International Book Distributors, Dehradun, India, p-71-74.
Meiners, S.J. (2005). Seed and seedling ecology of Acer saccharum and Acer platanoides: A contrast between native and exotic congeners. Northeastern Naturalist, 12:23-32.
Omokhua, G.E., Ogu, A., and Oyebade, B.A. (2015). Effects of different sowing media on germination and early seedling growth of Terminalia ivorensis (A.Chev.). International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 4(3): 119-122.
Pyarelal and Karnataka, D.C. (1993). Effect of orientation, sowing and soil mixture on germination behavior of Quercus leucotrichophora. Indian Forester, 119: 112-125.
Rathore, T.S., Annapurna, D., Joshi, G. and Srivastava, A. (2004). Studies on potting and size of container on the quality of seedling production in Casuarina equisetifolia Forest. Indian Forester, 130(3): 323-332.
Roussy, A.M. (2014). The Sexual and vegetative propagation of sugar Maple and its threat from Norway Maple. Ph.D. Thesis, School of Environmental Science, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
Srivastava, R., Nanhorya, R. and Upadhyaya, J.K. (1998). Selection of proper potting mixture for root trainer of Eucalyptus hybrid. Indian Forester, 124: 502-510.
Sofi, P.A. and Bharadwaj, S.D. (2007). Standardization of potting media and root trainer size for production of quality seedling of Cedrus deodara Roxb. G. Don. (D. Don). SKUAST Journal of Research, 9: 24-28.
Starr, Z.W. (2011). Evaluation of eastern red cedar as a substrate for container grown plant production. M.Sc. Thesis, Kans. State Univ., Manhattan.
Thakur, I.K. and Gupta, R. (1998). Effect of auxins on rooting of Alnus nitida Endl. cuttings. Indian Journal of Forestry, 21(2): 174-175.
Van Geldern, D.M., Oterdoom, H.J. and De Jong, P.C. 2010. Maples of the World. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.
Willson, M.F. 1993. On the costs of reproduction in plants. Acer negundo, Amer. Midl. Natural, 115(1): 204-207.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Sofi, P. A., Bhat, S. A., Masoodi, T. H., Islam, M. A., Bhat, G. M., & Malik, A. R. (2016). Propagation of Himalayan maple (Acer caesium Wall.) through seed and softwood cuttings. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(3), 1235–1240. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i3.947
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)