The field experiment was conducted on performance of mole drainage under irrigated and waterlogged vertisols of Maharashtra at Agricultural Research Station, K. Digraj, Dist. Sangli (M.S.), India during 2009-10 to 2011 -12. An experimental layout of different mole spacings viz. mole drainage (MD) with 2 m (T1), 4 m (T2), 6 m mole spacing (T3) and without drainage i.e. control (T4) in a randomized block design with five replications. The results revealed that the weighted means of yield attributing parameters of chickpea and pooled mean of chickpea yield recorded highest in MD with 4 m mole spacing and which was at par with 6 m mole drain spacing as compare to control plot (without mole drainage). The MD with 2 m mole spacing recorded significantly lowest chickpea yield among mole drained plots which was at par with control. This study indicated that the MD with 4 m mole spacing is recommended for economically feasible production of chickpea under irrigated and waterlogged vertisols of Maharashtra.
Chickpea, Economic feasibility, Mole drainage, Mole spacing and Vertisols
Christen, E.W., Murlihead, W.A., Moll .J.L. and Spoor, G. (1995). First patent in 179 available now in the MIA, 1995. Farmers’ newsletter large area no.145.
CSSRI (2007). Salinity Vision 2025. (Eds. Gurubachan Singh, Sharma, P.C., Kaledhonkar, M.J.), Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, 116p.
Dhakad S.S., K.V. Ramana Rao, Vijay Agrawal and S.K. Verma (2014). Effect of different mole drain spacings on the growth characters and yield of soybean in Raisen district of MP. Research in Environment and Life Sciences, 7 (1): 23-25.
Kolekar O.L., Patil, S.A., Patil, S.B. and Rathod, S.D. (2011). Effect of different mole spacing on the yield of summer groundnut. International Journal of Agricultural Engineering, 04: 82-85.
Lucy, M. and Slatter, J. (2002). Irrigated Chickpea Management - Field Experiences. Australian Cotton Grower March-April
Nayak, A.K., Chinchmalatpure, A.R., Khandelwal, M.K., Rao, G.G. and Tyagi, N.K. (2003). Soil and Water Resources and Management Options for the Bara Tract under Sardar Sarovar Canal Command: A Critical Appraisal. Status Paper No.1, Central Soil salinity Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Bharuch, Gujarat.
Panse, V.G. and Sukhatme, P.V. (1967). Statistical methods for Agric. Workers. II Enlarged Edn. ICAR, New Delhi.
Postel, S.L. (1999). Pillar of Sand: Can the irrigation miracle last?” W. W. Norton, New York.
Ramana Rao K.V., and Ramadhar Singh (2012). Pipe Less Drainage (Mole Drainage) Studies Under Actual Farmers’ Field Conditions – A Case Study in India. Proceeding of 11 th ICID International Drainage Workshop on Agricultural Drainage Needs and Future Priorities Pyramisa Hotel, Cairo, Egypt, September 23-27 (Paper No.35): 1-6.
Ramana Rao K.V., Ravi Kishore and Ramadhar Singh.(2009). Mole drainage to enhance soybean production in waterlogged Vertisols . Journal of Agricultural Engineering, 46: 54-58.
Ramana Rao (2006). Principles of mole drainage and its economical feasibility in drainage of vertisols, CIAE Bhopal.Pp.144-148.
Rathod, S.D., Gorantiwar, S.D., Dahiwalkar, S.D., Kamble, B.M., Patil, S.B. and Kathmale, D.K. (2011). Performance and economic feasibility of mole drainage in irrigated vertisols. Journal of Soil Salinity and Water Quality, 3 (1): 37-40.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)