M. Vindyashree M.R. Govindappa D.S. Aswathanarayana V.N. Ghante M.B. Patil I. Shankergoud


Leaf curl disease on sunflower caused by begomovirus genus of the family geminiviridae. Present investigations on field survey for disease incidence, field diagnostic symptoms and its spatial and temporal distribution in major sunflower growing parts of North Eastern Karnataka through GPS system during 2013-14, revealed that the disease was found to occur at all the stages of sunflower under field condition and exhibited symptoms such as vein thickening (enations) on abaxial surface of the leaves, upward curling and reduction in leaf size and severe discoluration of capitulum (Head) followed by bushy appearance. GPS based survey indicated that the % disease incidence varied from location to location (spatial variation) and also from season to season (temporal variation). The low incidence was noticed during Kharif condition which is ranged between 6.34-11.16, with the average incidence of 11.2%, 7.4% and 6.3% in Koppal, Raichur and Ballari districts repectively. Whereas during Rabi/summer season, high magnitude of disease noticed in many of the locations surveyed and is recorded upto 92.9 %. The GPS maps plotted based on PDI scale (0-3) represents high risk areas of the disease in Raichur and adjacent areas of Nort Eastern Karnataka and the result shows that the disease occurrence was more in rabi as compared to Kharif situations irrespective of locations. GPS survey map is an indicator to locate the nature of disease spread so as to conclude the hotspot areas.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Begomovirus, GPS survey, Leaf curl disease, Sunflower, Whitefly

Anonymous, 2013, Annual Sunflower report, 2013, Director-ate of Oilseed Research, Hyderbad, 254.
Banks, G.K., Colvin, J., Chowda Reddy, R.V., Maruthi, M. N., Muniyappa, V., Venkatesh, H.M., Kiran Kumar, M., Padmaja, A.S., Beitia, F.J. and Seal, S.E. (2001). First report of the Bemisia tabaci B-biotype in India and an associated Tomato leaf curl virus disease epidemic. Plant Disease, 85: 231.
Bedford, I.D., Briddon, R.W., Jones, P., Alkaff, N. and Markham, P.G. (1994). Differentiation of three whitefly transmitted geminiviruses from the Republic of Yemen. European J. Pl. Pathol., 100: 243-257.
Brown, J.K. (1994). Current status of Bemisia tabaci as a plant pest and virus vector in agro-ecosystems world-wide. FAO Plant Prot. Bull., 42: 3-32.
Govindappa, M.R., Shankergoud, I., Shankarappa, K.S., Wickramaarachchi, W.A.R.T., Anjeneya Reddy, B. and Rangaswamy, K.T. (2011). Molecular detection and partial characterization of begomovirus associated with leaf curl disease of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) in Southren India. Plant Pathol. J., 10 (1): 29-35.
Joshi, D.B. (2009). Developing Statistical Models to Study the Growth and Instability in Oilseed Production of Karnataka. Unpublished thesis of Master of Science (Agriculture) in Agricultural Statistics, submitted to the University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karna-taka (India).
Kaur S.I., 1 Kang, S.S and Sharma, A. (2015). Occurrence of begomoviruses in cotton-vegetable agro ecosystem in India, African Journal of Microbiology Research., 9(30), 1798-1805.
Mahesh, Y.S., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Prameela, H.A., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Divya, B.L., Nagesha, N., and Maruthi, M.N. (2010). Detection and characterization of a Begomovirus associated with leaf curl disease of ornamental croton (Codiaeum variega-tum). J. Hort. Sci. Biotech., 85: 101-105.
Mathew, A.V. and Muniyappa, V. (1991). Transmission of Indian cassava mosaic virus by Bemisia tabaci. Fitopa-tologia Brasileira, 16: 46-49.
Mündel, H.H. (2009). Sunflowers: An Important Part of the Tool kit for Dry-land Farming. Australian Grain, Janu-ary-February 2009:30-33.
Muniyappa, V. and Veeresh, G.K. (1984). Plant virus dis-eases transmitted by whiteflies in Karnataka. Indian Acad. Sci. (Anim. Sci.), 93: 397-406.
Rajagopalan, P.A., Naik, A., Katturi., P. and Kurulekar, M. ( 2012). Dominance of resistance breaking cotton leaf curl Burewala virus (CLCuBuV) in north western India. Arch. Virol., 157:855- 868.
Rajeshwari, R., Reddy, R.V.C., Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S.E. and Muniyappa, V. ( 2005). Host range, vec-tor relationships and sequence comparison of a bego-movirus infecting hibiscus in India. Ann. Appl. Biol., 147: 15-25.
Ramappa, H.K., Muniyappa, V and Colvin, J. (1998). The contribution of tomato and alternative host plants to tomato leaf curl virus inoculums pressure in different areas of south India. Annals of Applied Biology, 88: 369-387.
Saharan, G.S., Naresh Mehta and Sangwan, M. S. (2005). Diseases of Oil Seed Crops, ISBN-81-7387-176-0, In-dus publishing company, New Delhi, pp.38.
Saikia, A.K., and Muniyappa, V. (1989). Epidemiology and control of tomato leaf curl virus in southern India. Trop. Agri., 66: 350-354.
Shivakumar (2010). Studies on Zinnia leaf curl virus disease, M.Sc. (Agri.) Thesis., Univ. Agri. Sci., Bangalore, India, 78 pp.
Shivalingam, P.N., Padmalatha. K.V., Mandal. B., Monga. D., Ajemra, B.D and Malathi VG (2007). Detection of begomoviruses by PCR in weeds and crop plants in and around cotton field infected with cotton leaf curl dis-ease. Indian Phytopathol, 60: 360-361.
Valand, G.B. and Muniyappa, V. (1992). Epidemiology of tobacco leaf curl virus in India. Ann. Appl. Biol., 120: 257-267.
Vanitha, L.S. (2012). Molecular characterization of bego-movirus causing leaf curl disease in sunflower. Ph.D Thesis, Univ. Agri. Sci., Bangalore.
Varma, A. and Malathi, V.G. (2003). Emerging geminivirus problems: A serious threat to crop production. Ann. Appl. Biol. 142: 145-164.
Venkataravanappa (2008). Molecular characterization of bhendi yellow vein mosaic virus. Ph.D Thesis, Univ. Agri. Sci., Bangalore.
Zhang, N., Wang, M. and Wang, N. (2002). Precision agri-culture - a worldwide overview. Computers and Elec-tronics in Agriculture, 36: 113–132.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Vindyashree, M., Govindappa, M., Aswathanarayana, D., Ghante, V., Patil, M., & Shankergoud, I. (2016). Global positioning system based spatial and temporal distribution of new leaf curl begomovirus disease on sunflower in Northern Karnataka. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(2), 981–986. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i2.908
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles