##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

B. L. Meena K. L. Jeengar Bhim Singh N. L. Meena

Abstract

The present study was aimed to develop the eco-friendly and economic approaches to keep the stored food grains free from insect attack would be using the plant products as grain protectants. In the context of biological control as an alternative to chemical control, under laboratory conditions, different plant powders viz., dharak
kernel and leaf (Melia azadirach L.), neem kernel and leaf (Azadirachta indica Adr. Juss), karanj kernel (Pongamia glabra), aak leaf (Calotropis procera Br.), datura leaf (Datura alba Nees.), citrus leaf (Citrus lemon L.), podina leaf (Mentha arvensis) and tulsi leaf (Ocimum sanctum L.) were compared, at three rate of application (1.0, 2.5 and 5.0 g per 100 g seeds), as protectants against infestation of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) seeds by the storage pest Corcyra cephalonica Stainton. The larval period of test insect got progressively increased with the increase in dose level of different plant powders. The maximum (77.83%) and minimum (37.83%) reduction in adult emergence was observed in dharak kernel powder and tulsi leaf powder, respectively. The test insect developed on seeds treated with dharak kernel powder laid significantly (P˃ 0.5) minimum number of eggs (80.33 eggs/ female) followed by neem kernel powder (85.66 eggs/female). The dharak and neem kernel powders were found most effective in reducing the longevity of male (3.96 and 5.13 days) and female adults (4.63 and 4.97 days), respectively. The results suggest that these materials tested have the potential in the development of post-harvest protection technology against, C. cephalonica, the major pest of stored grains.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Corcyra cephalonica, Egg viability, Plant powders, Seed protectants, Stored grains

References
Abdullahi, Y.M. and Muhammad, S. (2004). Assessment of the toxic potentials of some plants powders on survival and development of Callosobruchus maculates. African Journal of Biotechnology, 3: 60-64.
Bhargava, M.C. (1997). Effect of some plant extracts on reproductive potentiality of Corcyra cephalonica Stain-ton (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Integrated Pest Manage-ment in Agriculture (eds) Bharad, G.M., Bonde, R.S., Nimbalkar, S.A. and Sarode, S.V., pp. 349-353.
Chander, H. and Ahmed, S.M. (1986). Effect of some plant materials on the development of rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica (Staint.). Entomon, 11: 273-276.
Chiranjeevi, C.H. (1991). Efficacy of some indigenous plant materials and ashes on the percentage of damaged grains, percentage of protection and viability of green gram seed infested by pulse beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis (L.). Bulletin of Grain Technology, 29: 84-88.
Don-Pedro, K.N. (1985). Toxicity of some citrus peels to Dermestes maculates Deg. and Callosobruchus macu-lates Febr. Journal of stored Product Research, 21: 31-34.
Isman, M. (2008). Botanical insecticides: for richer, for poorer. Pest Management of Science, 64: 8-11.
Jacob, S. and Sheila, M.K. (1990). Treatment of green gram seeds with oils against the infestation of the pulse bee-tle, Callosobruchus chinensis L. Plant Protection of Bulletin, 42: 9-10.
Jain, K.L. and Kumar, V. (2001). Efficacy of neem against the rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica (Stainton). National Conference: Plant Protection- New Horizons in the Millennium, Udaipur, Abst., pp. 50.
Jhansi Rani, B. (1984). Studies on the biological efficacy of deoiled neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.) kernel against stored grains pests infesting wheat seed. Indian Journal of Entomology, 27: 160-164.
Jilani, G. (1992). Botanicals and Pheromones in IPM p. 50-57 in. BALOCH, U.K. (ed.) Integrated Pest Manage-ment in Food Grains. FAO/ PARC. Islamabad, Paki-stan.
Khan, M.I. and Thakare, H.S. (1997). Effect of selected plant products and entomopathogenic bacteria on develop-ment and control of rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica Stainton. Integrated Pest Management in Agriculture (eds) Bharad, G.M., Bonde, R.S., Nimbalkar, S.A. and Sarode, S.V. pp. 291-303.
Khani, M., Awang, R.M., Omar, D. and Rahmani, M. (2013). Toxicity, antifeedant, egg hatchability and adult emergence effect of Piper nigrum L. and Jatropha cur-cas L. extracts against rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica (Stainton). Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 7(18): 1255-1262.
Meena, B.L. and Bhargava, M.C. (2005). Effect of different plant powders on the reproductive potentiality of rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica Stainton. Agricultural Science Digest, 25: 103- 106.
Meena, B.L. Bhargava, M.C. (2010). Effect of plant powders on reproductive potential of Corcyra cephalonica Stain-ton (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on sorghum seeds. Journal of Insect Science, 23: 441-446.
Miah, M.R.U., Elias, M., Torofder, G.S., Islam, B.N., Sardar, M.A. and Karim, M.A. (1993). Evaluation of local plant material against the pulse beetle (Callosobruchus chinensis L.) on chickpea. Bangladesh Journal of Zool-ogy, 21: 151-153.
Mukanga, M., Deedat, Y. and Mwangala, F.S. (2010). Toxic effects of five plant extracts against the larger grain borer, African Journal of Agricultural Research, 5 (24): 3369-3378.
Pacheco, A.I., DE Castro, F., Paula, D. and Lourencao, A. (1995). Efficacy of soy bean and castor oils in the con-trol of Callosobruchus maculates (F.) and Calloso-bruchus phaseoli in stored chickpeas (Cicer arienti-num). Journal of Stored Product Research, 19: 57-62.
Pandey, N.D., Pal, K., Pandey, S., Tripathi, R.A. and Singh, Y.P. (1985). Use of neem, Azadirachta indica A. Juss as seed protectant against rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica Stainton II- Effect on fecundity, fertility and longevity of adults. Bulletin of Grain Technology, 23: 265-268.
Pandey, N.K. and Singh, S.C. (1997). Effect of neem bark powder on infestation of pulse beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis Linn. in stored chickpea. Indian Journal of Entomology, 59: 161-163.
Patel, R.A. and Patel, B.R. (2002). Evaluation of certain plant products as grain protectants against the rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica Staint in stored rice. Pest Manage-ment and Economic Zoology, 10: 121-124.
Patel, R. A. and Patel, B. R. (2007). Comparative biology of rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica Stainton. Journal of Plant Protection and Environment, 4: 14-19.
Pathak, C.S. and Tiwari, S.K. (2010)a. Toxicological effects of neem Azadirachta indica A. Juss leaf powder against the ontogeny of Corcyra cephalonica (Staint.) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of Biopesticides, 3: 617-621.
Pathak, C.S and Tiwari, S.K. (2010)b. Toxicity of neem seed (Azadirachta indica A. Juss, Meliaceae) extract against immature stages of rice-moth, Corcyra cephalonica (Staint.) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of Applied Bioscience, 36: 173-177.
Pathak, C.S. and Tiwari, S.K. (2012). Insecticidal action of neem seed (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) acetone extract against the life-cycle stages of rice-moth, Corcyra cephalonica staint. (Lepidoptera: Pyrali-dae). World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 8: 529-536.
Prakash, A., Pasalu, I.C. and Mathur, K.C. (1984). Evaluation of plant products as grain protectants in paddy storage. Indian Journal of Entomology, 1: 20-27.
Rajapakse, R.H.S. and Vanemden, H.F. (1997). Potential of four vegetables oils and ten botanical powders for re-ducing infestation of cowpeas by Callosobruchus macu-lates, C. chinensis and C. rhodesianus. Journal of Stored Research, 33: 59-68.
Ramaswamy, S.B., Sch, S., Monroe, W.A. and Goire, I. (1995). Ultrastructure and potential role of integumen-tary glandular cells in adult male and female Calloso-bruchus subinnotatus (Pic) and C. maculates (Fabricius). International Journal of Insect Morphology, 24: 51-61.
Righi-Assia, A.F., Khelil, M.A., Medjdoub Bensaad, F. and Righi, K. (2010). Efficacy of oils and powders of some me-dicinal plants in biological control of the pea weevil (Callosobruchus chinensis L.), African Journal of Agricul-tural Research, 5 (12): 1474-1481.
Senguttuvan, T., Kareem, A.A. and Rajendran, R. (1995). Effect of plant products and edible oils against rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica Stainton in stored ground-nuts. Journal of Stored Product Research, 31: 207-210.
Sharma, K.C. and Bhargava, M.C. (2001). Ovicidal effect of some growth disrupting compounds on rice moth, Cor-cyra cephalonica Stainton (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Indian Journal of Applied Entomology, 15: 24-28.
Shukla, S. and Tiwari, S.K. 2012. The influence of pyre-thrum extract on the developmental stages of the rice-moth, Corcyra cephalonica Stainton (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Egyptian Journal of Biology, 14: 57-62.
Singh, R. and Mishra, S.B. (1989). Insect pests of rice and paddy in storage and their control. Seeds and Farmers, 15: 16-19.
Singh, K.N. and Srivastava, P.K. (1980). Neem seed powder as a protectant against stored grain insect pest. Bulletin of Grain Technology, 18: 127-129.
Tillman, P.G. and Mulrooney, J.E. (2000). Effect of selected insecticides on the natural enemies Coleomegilla macu-late and Hippodamia convergens (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), Geocoris punctipes (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) and Bracon mellitor, Cardiochiles nigriceps and Cotesia marginiventris (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) in cotton. Journal of Economic Entomology, 93: 1638-1643.
Tiwari, N. and Tiwari, S.N. (2008). Management of insect pests of stored grains by Diatomaceous earth formula-tion Insecto under Indian conditions. Pestology, XXXII.
Veeranki, S. and Reddy, K.D. (2004). Evaluation of various products of grain protectants against rice moth in maize. Journal of Research, ANGRAU, 32: 24-33.
Yadav, S.R.S. and Bhatnagar, K.N. (1987). A preliminary study on the protection of stored cowpea grain against pulse beetle by indigenous plant products. Pesticides, 21: 25-29.
Yadav, R., Yadav, N. and Yadav, R. (2011)a. Effect of bo-tanical pesticides on the development of Corcyra cephalonica Stainton. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 14: 601-603.
Yadav, R., Srivastava, S.K., Yadav, N., Yadav, R. and Kumar, M. (2011)b. Insecticidal properties of some natural pesticides against storage pest, Corcyra cepha-lonica. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 14: 259-260.
Zibokere, D.S. (1994). Insecticidal potency of red pepper (Capsicum annum) on pulse beetle (Callosobruchus maculates) infesting cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seeds during storage. Indian Journal of Science, 64: 727-728.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Meena, B. L., Jeengar, K. L., Singh, B., & Meena, N. L. (2016). Evaluation of different plant powders as seed protectants against rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica Stainton. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(2), 910-918. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i2.896
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles