S. R. Barik P. J. Mishra A. K. Nayak S. Rout


The present study was carried out mainly concentrate on assessment of heavy metal in the surrounding soils and their bioconcentration in the different plants near Kathajodi River. Soil and plant samples were collected along the Kathajodi river, Odisha, India. It was found that the dominance of heavy metals follows a decreasing order. The metal concentrations measured in soil at all location generally decreased in the order; Fe > Mn > Ni> Pb> Cu> Zn> Cd. Highest heavy metal concentration in river bank soil Cd (0.72±0.05 mgkg-1); Ni (3.85±0.15 mgkg-1); Cu (1.66±0.15 mgkg-1); Zn (1.54±0.16 mgkg-1); Pb (4.11±0.14 mgkg-1); Fe (142.0±1.16 mgkg-1); Mn (37.30±1.16 mgkg-1) at different site . Among all the grass species I. laxum has the higher affinity for the accumulation of Cd (0.85±0.05) followed by Zn, Pb and Cu. This study indicates that bio concentration of heavy metals in the study area show preferential Cd uptake in the plants followed by Zn, Pb and it may lead to accumulates in the exposed plant part posing risk along the food chain. This calls for immediate action to be implemented to carry out necessary environment mitigation measures for the river as it can be attributed the discharge of untreated domestic waste and effluents in the river.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Bioconcentration, Heavy metals, I. laxum, Kathajodi river, Soil

Abbasi, S.A., Naseema Abbasi, Soni, Rajendra .(1998). Heavy metals in the environment, Mittal publications.
Abound, S.J. and Nandini, N. (2009). Heavy Metal Analysis and Sediment Quality Values in Urban Lakes. American Journal of Environmental Science, 5(6): 678-687.
Anglin-Brown, B., Armour-Brown, A. and Lalor, G.C. (1995). Heavy metal pollution in Jamaica 1: Survey of cadmium, lead and zinc concentrations in the Kintyre and Hope Flat districts. Journal of Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 17: 51-56.
AOAC, (2000). “Official methods of analysis”. Journal of AOAC (Association of official analytical chemists) International.
APHA (2011). Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. 20th Edn., American Public Health Association, Washington D. C., New York.
Barik, S.R. (2013). A study on heavy metals present in the sediments of Kathajodi river and to assess the impact on flora. M.Sc. Forestry Thesis, OUAT, Bhubaneswar.
Benavides, Maria P., Susanna M. Gallego, Maria L. Tomaro (2005) Cadmium Toxicity in Plants; Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology, 17(1):21-34.
Bhargava, S. Saxena, U. and Bhragava, A.K. (2009). Some Microbiological Studies of Polluted Kali river water at Meerut. Biochem. Cell, Arch., 9: 155-156.
Black, C.A. (1965). Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2 (ed.), American Society of Agronomy. Inc. Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
Burton, K.W. and John, E. (1977). A study of heavy metal contamination in the Rhondda Fawr, South Wales; Water, Air, and Soil Pollution; 7:45-68.
Central Ground Water Board. (1995). Hydrogeological Atlas of Orissa. Bhubaneswar, India: Ministry of Water Resources, South eastern Region.
Das, J., Sahoo, R.K. and Sinha, B.K. (2002). Urban ground water pollution: A case study in Cuttack city, India. Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation, 22(3): 95-103.
De, S. and Mitra, A.K. (2002). Reclamation of mining generated wastelands at Alkusha- Gopalpur abandoned opencast project, Raniganj Coalfield, Eastern India, Environment geology, 43:39-47.
Fernandes, H. (1997). Heavy metal distribution in sediments and ecological risk assessment: role of diagenetic process in reducing metal toxicity in bottom sediments. Environmental pollution, 97:317-325.
Ghose, M. and Singh, S.P. (2005). A comparative study of cadmium phytoextraction by accumulator and weed species. Environmental Pollution,133:365-371.
Giguere, A., Campbell, P.G.C., Hare, L., Mc Donald, D.G. and Rasmussen, J.B. (2004). Influence of lake chemistry and fish age on cadmium, copper and zinc concentrations in various organs of indigenous yellow perch (Percaflavescens). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 61: 702– 1716.
Gopal, G.V., Rajashekar, N. and Geetha, R. (2002). Lake Biodiversity of Macrophytic Plant Groups: A Case Study (Kukkarahalli Lake), In Proceedings of Symposium on Restoration of Lakes and Wetlands (Lake 2002), Center for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
Gupta, N., Yadav, K. K., Kumar, V. and Singh, D. (2013). Assessment of physicochemical properties of Yamuna river in Agra city. International Journal of Chemical Technology Research, 5(1): 528-531.
Jackson, M.L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis, Prentice Hall of India Pvt Ltd., New Delhi.
Klavins, M., Briede, A., Rodinov, V., Kokorite, I., Parele, E. and Klavina, I. (2000). Heavy metals in river of Lativa. The Science of the Total Environment, 262:175–183.
Lindsay, W.L. and Norvell, W.A. (1978). Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 42:421-428.
Lokeshwari, H. and Chandrappa, G.T. (2006). Impact of heavy metal contamination of Bellandur Lake on soil and cultivated vegetation. Current Science, 91:622–627.
Macfarlane, G.R. and Burchett, M.D. (2000). Cellular distribution of Cu, Pb and Zn in the grey mangrove Avicenniamarina (Frorsk.) Vierh. Aquatic Botany, 68:45–59.
Mellem, J., Baijanth, H. and Odhav, B. (2009). Translocation and Accumulation of Cr, Hg, As, Pb, Cu and Ni by Amaranthus dubius (Amaranthaceae) from Contaminated Sites. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, 44 ( 6) : 568-575.
Mohan, S.V., Nithila, P. & Reddy, S.J. (1996). Estimation of Heavy Metal in Drinking Water and Development of Heavy Metal Pollution Index. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, 31(3): 283-289.
Nirmal Kumar, J.I Hiren Soni, and Rita N. Kumar (2006). Biomonitoring of selected freshwater macrophytes to assess lake trace element contamination: a case study of Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary, Gujarat, India, J. Limnol., 65(1): 9-16.
Nouri, J., Mahvi, A.H., Babaei, A. and Ahmadpour, E. (2006). Regional pattern distribution of groundwater fluoride in the shush aquifer of Khuzestan county Iran Fluoride. Fluoride, 39(4): 321-325.
Pardo, R., Barrado, E., Perez, L. and Vega, M. (1990). Determination and speciation of heavy metal in sediments of the Pisuerga river. Water Research, 24(3):373–379.
Pascual-Barrera, A., Gold-Bouchot, G., Ceja-Moreno, V. and del Rý´o-Garcý´a, M. (2004). Heavy metals and hydrocarbons in sediments from three Lakes from San Miguel, Chiapas, Mexico Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 73:762– 769.
Prasad, B. and Kumar, S. (2008). Heavy Metal Pollution Index of Ground Water of an Abandoned Open Cast Mine Filled of the Water Quality of River Adyar, India. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 82(2):211-217.
Sharma, B.K. (2001). Environmental Chemistry–6th Revised Edition; GOEL Publishing House.
Singh, M., Muller, G. and Singh, I.B. (2002). Heavy metals in freshly deposited stream sediments of rivers associated with urbanization of the Ganga plain, India. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 141:35–54.
Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1967). Statistical Methods. 6th (ed.), Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA., Pp.456.
Subbiah, B.V. and Asija, G.L. (1956). A rapid procedure for estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Science, 25: 259-260.
Upadhayay, A.K., Gupta, K.K., Surcar, J.K., Deb, M.K. and Mundhara, G. L. (2006). Heavy metals in freshly deposited sediments of the river Subernarekha, India: An example of lithogenic and anthropogenic effects. Environmental Geology, 50:397–403.
Yu, K.Y., Tasi, L.J., Chen, S.H. and Ho, S.T. (2001). Chemical binding of heavy metals in anoxic river sediments. Water Research, 35(7):4086–4094.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Barik, S. R., Mishra, P. J., Nayak, A. K., & Rout, S. (2016). Assessment of heavy metals in the surrounding soils and their bioconcentrations in few plants near Kathajodi river, Odisha, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(2), 790–803. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i2.875
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)