S. K. Das B. Biswas K. Jana


Field experiments were conducted for three years at Pulses and Oilseeds Research Station, Berhampore, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India during rabi 2010-11, 2011-12 and 2012-13 to study the effects of farm yard manure (FYM), phosphorus and sulphur on yield parameters, yield, nodulation, nutrient uptake and quality of chickpea. The experiment was laid out in a factorial randomized block design with three replications having twelve treatment combinations viz. two levels of FYM (F0-0 t ha-1, F1 -5 t ha-1) as factor A , three levels of phosphorus (P0 -0 kg ha-1, P30 -30 kg ha-1, P60 -60 kg ha-1) as factor B and two levels of sulphur (S0 -0 kg ha-1, S20 -20 kg ha-1) as factor C. Experimental results revealed that yield attributing characters, yield and protein content of chickpea were significantly influenced by FYM, phosphorus, sulphur and interaction effects of these three factors. Significantly higher seed yield (2458.03 kg ha-1) was obtained with the application of FYM 5 t ha-1 over it’s non application. Application of 60 kg ha-1 phosphorus recorded significantly higher seed yield (2735.50 kg ha-1) of chickpea cultivar Anuradha. Application of 20 kg ha-1 sulphur recorded significantly higher seed yield (2532.32 kg ha-1) over it’s non application in a sulphur deficient soil. Among the interaction effects application of 60 kg ha-1 phosphorus and 20 kgha-1 sulphur in Farm yard manure(5 t ha-1 ) treated plot recorded highest seed yield (2979.3 kg ha-1) . Application of sulphur 20 kg ha-1 increased the nodule no. by 14.4 %. Application of 60 kg ha-1 phosphorus and 20 kg ha-1 sulphur in Farm yard manure treated plot (5 t ha-1) increased the nodule no. by 62.3%. Varying levels of phosphorus along with sulphur and FYM significantly improved the nutrient uptake by chickpea in a sulphur deficient soil. Application of 60 kg ha-1 phosphorus and 20 kg ha-1 sulphur in Farm yard manure treated plot (5 t ha-1) along with recommended dose of nitrogen and potassium proved to be the best treatment combination for increasing the productivity of chickpea and thereby increasing the pulse production of the country.


Download data is not yet available.




Chickpea, FYM, Nodulation, Nutrient uptake, Phosphorus, Seed yield, Sulphur

Ahmad, A., and Abdin, M.Z. (2000). Photosynthesis and its related physiological variables in the leaves of Brassica. genotypes as influenced by sulphur fertilization. Physiol. Plantarum. 110: 144–149.
Basir, A., Shah, Z., Naeem, M., Bakht, J. and Khan, Z.H. (2008). Effect of phosphorus and farm yard manure on agronomic traits of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Sarhad J. Agric. 24 (4): 567-572.
Biswas, B.C., Sarkar, M.C., Tanwar, S.P.S. and Das, S. (2004). Sulphur deficiency in soil and crop response to fertilizer sulphur in India. Fertilizer News . 49 (10): 13-33.
Claro–Cortes, P., Nunez–Escobar, R. and Etchevers–Barra, J.D. (2002). Green house grown maize respose to sulphur in two soils of Puebla state Mexico. Agrociencia. 36: 633–636.
Daramola, D.S., Adebayo, A. and Odeyemi, O. (1982). Effect of herbicide application on legume Rhizobium symbiosis with and without starter nitrogen. Turrialba. 32: 315–320.
Das, S., Nath, R. and Chakraborty, A. (2015). Performance of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars and estimation of economic optimum doses of phosphorus in an Alfisol of West Bengal. Journal Crop and Weed. 11(Special Is-sue):113-117.
Dotania, M.L., Pingoliya, K.K., Lata, M., Verma, R., Regar, K.L., Deewan P. and Dotania, C.K. (2014). Role of phosphorus in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) production. African J. of Agric. Res. 9(51): 3736-3743.
Ganeshamurthy, A.N. and Reddy, K.S. (2000). Effect of integrated use of farm yard manure and sulphur in soy-bean and wheat cropping system on nodulation, dry matter production and chlorophyll content of soybean on swell shrink soils in Central India. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 185: 191–197.
Ganeshamurthy, A.N., Srinivasarao, C.H., Ali, M. and Singh, B.B. (2005). Balanced fertilization of Greengram cultivars on a multi-nutrient deficient typic Ustochrept soil. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 75 (4) : 192-196.
Ghosh, S.K. , Mukhopadhyay, A.K. and Sarkar, M. (2002). Status and profile distribution of forms of sulphur in some established soil series belonging to inceptisols of West Bengal. Indian Agric. 46 (3 and 4): 147-152.
Islam, M. and Ali, S. (2009). Effect of integrated application of sulphur and phosphorus on nitrogen fixation and nutrient uptake by Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Agrociencia. 43(8).
Morris, R.J. (1988). Sulphur in world Agriculture. Proceedings of TSI-FAI Symposium (Sulphur in Indian Agriculture ) KS/1 (1-14).
Olivera, M., Tejera, N., Iribarne, C., Ocana, A. and Lluch, C. (2004). Growth, nitrogen fixation and ammonium assimi-lation in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris): effect of 642phosphorus. Physiologia Plantarum.121: 498–505.
Patel, H.K., Patel, P.M., Suthar, J.V and Patel, M.R. (2014).Yield, quality and post harvest nutrient status of chick pea as influenced by application of sulphur and phosphorus fertilizer management. Int. J. of Scientific and Research Publication. 4(7): 1-3.
Patil, S.V. , Halikatti, S.I. , Hiremath, S.M. , Babalad, H.B. , Sreenivasa, M.N. , Hebsur, N.S. and Somanagouda, G. (2011). Effect of organic manures and rock phosphate on growth and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in verti-sols. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci. 24 (5) : 636-638.
Scherer, H.W. , Pacyna, S., Spoth, K and Schulz, M. (2008). Low levels of ferredoxin, ATP and leghemoglobin con-tribute to limited N fixation of peas (Pisum sativum L.) and alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) under S deficiency condi-tions. Biol. Fértil. Soils. 44: 909–916.
Schulze, J., Temple, G., Temple, S.J., Beschow, H. and Vance, C.P. (2006). Nitrogen fixation by white lupin under phos-phorus deficiency. Ann. Bot., 98: 731-40.
Singh, G., Sekhon, H.S. and Kaur, H. (2012). Effect of FYM, Vermicompost and chemical nutrients on growth and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Int. J. of Agril. Res.7(2): 93-99.
Singh, G., Sekhon, H.S., Ram, H. and Sharma, P. (2010). Effect of farmyard manure, phosphorus and phosphate solubiliz-ing bacteria on nodulation, growth and yield of kabuli chickpea. Journal of Food Legumes. 23 (3 and 4): 226-229.
Singh, S., Saini, S.S. and Singh, B.P. (2004). Effect of irriga-tion, sulphur and seed inoculation on growth, yield and sulphur uptake of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) under late-sown conditions. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 49(1): 57-59.
Srinivasarao, Ch., Ganeshamurthy, A.N., Ali, M., Singh, R.N. and Singh, K.K. (2004). Sulphur fractions, distribution and their relationship with soil properties in different soil types of major pulse growing regions of India. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 35 (19 & 20): 2757–2769.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Das, S. K., Biswas, B., & Jana, K. (2016). Effect of farm yard manure, phosphorus and sulphur on yield parameters, yield, nodulation, nutrient uptake and quality of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(2), 545-549. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i2.833
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles