##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

J. B. Patel J. D. Ukani C. A. Babariya P. S. Ramani

Abstract

An experiment was carried out at the Department of Seed Science and Technology, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, to characterize 28 wheat varieties of different species [17 varieties (MP 4010, HI 1500, HI 1531, HI 1544, GW 1, GW 503, DL 788-2, HD 2932, GW 11, GW 173, GW 190, GW 273, LOK 1, GW 322, MP 3288, GW 366 and GW 496) of Triticum aestivum, 9 varieties (HI 8381, HI 8498, HI 8627, HI 8713, A 28, A 206, GDW 1255, GW 1139 and RAJ 1555) of Triticum durum and 2 varieties (DDK 1025, DDK 1029) of Triticum dicoccum)] released for general cultivation in Gujarat at state level as well as at the National level in Central India based on the seed morphological characters. Based on the seed colour, the varieties were grouped into amber (25), white (1) and red (2). On the basis of seed shape, wheat varieties were separated in to round (2) ovate (7), oblong (12) and elliptical (7). On the basis of seed size, varieties were grouped into medium seed size (5), bold seed size (15) and very bold seed size (8). On the basis of seed hardness, varieties were grouped into soft (1), semi-hard (7) and hard (20). Based on the seed germ width, varieties were grouped into medium (15), wide (9) and narrow (4) seed germ width types. The varieties were grouped based on the seed crease into three groups, as medium (11),
shallow (12) and deep (5) grain crease types. Based on the brush hair length, wheat varieties were grouped as short (17), medium (7) and long (4) brush hair length types.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Characterization, Morphology, Seed, T. aestivum, T. dicoccum, T. durum, Wheat

References
Anikster, Y. and Wahl, I. (1979). Co-evolution of the rust fungi on Gramineae and Liliaceae and their hosts. Annual Rev. Phytopathol., 17: 367-403.
Anonymous (2013). Wheat Scenario: A Snippet. enewsletter 1 (2013), The Directorate of Wheat Research, Karnal, Haryana (India).
Anonymous (2014). http://www.theguardian.com/globaldevelopment-professionals-network/2014/apr/01/international-wheat-yield- partnership-food-security
Anonymous (2015). Crop Prospectus and Food Situation. Food and Agriculture Organizarion of the United Nations. March 2015. 1: 1-42 (http://www.fao.org/3/ai4410e. pdf).
Cochran, W. G. and Cox, G. M. (1957). Experimental Designs. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Chapman and Hall Limited, London.
Gulbitti-Onarici, S.; Sancak, C.; Sumer, S. and Ozcan, S. (2009). Phylogenetic relationships of some wild wheat species based on the internal transcribed spacer sequences of nrDNA. Curr. Sci., 96: 794-800.
Haider, N. (2012). Evidence for the origin of the B genome of bread wheat based on chloroplast DNA. Turk. J. Agric., 36: 13-25.
Harlan, J. R. (1992). Origin and Processes of Domestication. In: Grass Evolution and Domestication (Ed. GP Chapman). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
http://plantauthority.gov.in/pdf/GBread%20Wheat.pdf
Khan, M. R.; Anjum, F. M.; Zahoor, T.; Tahir, Z. and Nawaz, H. (2009). Biochemical and technological characterization of Pakistani spring wheats. Pakistan J. Agri. Sci., 46(4): 271-279.
Lamoureux, D.; Peterson, D. G.; Li, W.; Fellers, J. P. and Gill, B. S. (2005).The efficacy of cost-based gene enrichment in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Genome, 48: 1120-1126.
Lev-Yadun, S.; Gopher, A. and Abbo, S. (2000). The cradle of agriculture. Sci., 288: 1602-1603.
Mansing, J. S. (2010). Characterization of wheat (Triticum spp.) genotypes trough morphological, chemical and molecular markers. M.Sc. (Agri.) thesis (Unpublished) submitted to University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad.
Mohammadi-joo, S.; Mirasi, A.; Saeidi-aboeshaghi, R. and Amiri, M. (2015). Evaluation of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes based on resistance indices under field conditions. Int. J. Biosci., 6(2): 331-337.
Naseem, M.; Dutta, M.; Shah, Shachi and Kumar, P. (2007). Characterization of buckwheat cultivars using morphological, chemical, physiological and biochemical parameters. Proc. 10th International Sympo. Buckwheat, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Hill Campus, Ranichauri, Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India.
Pascual-Villalobos, M. J.; Oritz, J. M. and Coorreal, E. (1993). Morphological characterization of seeds of Euphorbia lagascae. Seed Sci. Technol., 21: 53-60.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Patel, J. B., Ukani, J. D., Babariya, C. A., & Ramani, P. S. (2016). Characterization of wheat varieties (Triticum spp.) through seed morphology. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(1), 464–468. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i1.818
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles