This study was carried out during 2012-2014 to determine the effect of locally available casing materials with association of bio-inoculant Pseudomonas putida. Six different combinations of casing mixtures were amended for evaluating its effect on yield, biological efficiency, protein and carbohydrate contents of Agaricus bisporus. A mixture of FYM + GLS + Vermi-compost + P. putida gave higher mushroom yield, biological efficiency, protein and carbohydrate content. It gave better yield (1306 g), biological efficiency (28.7%), protein (34.07%) and carbohydrate content (5.07%) respectively when compared with other treatments. In addition, waste tea leaves took minimum period (33.00 days) for initiation of pin head when compared with others. Locally available casing materials along with P. putida incorporated in the casing soil can be an important factor to obtain maximum and assured yield in mushroom cultivation.
Agaricus bisporus, Pseudomonas putida, Vermicompost, Waste tea leaves
Babu A.G.C., Udugama S., Hemachandra M.G.B. and Sharma, S.R. (2004). Potential of cultivating Agaricus bisporus in upcountry wet and intermediate zones of SriLanka. In Proceddings of the annual symposium of the Department of SriLanka; 2004 May 12- 16 ; Department of SriLanka Agriculture pp . 29 -37.
Boda R.H., Wani, A.H., Zagar, M.A., Ganie B.A., Wani B.A. and Ganie, S.A. (2012). Nutritional values and antioxidant potential of some edible mushrooms of Kashmir valley. Pak J Pharma Sci 25: 623-627.
Cho, Y.S., Weon, H.Y., Joh, J.H., Lim J.H., Kim, K.Y., Son, E.S., Lee, C.S. and Cho B.G. (2008). Effect of casing layer on growth promotion of the edible mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus. The Korean Society of Mycology. Mycobiol 36:40-44.
Choudhary, D.K. (2011). First Preliminary Report on Isola-tion and Characterization of Novel Acinetobacter spp. in casing soil used for cultivation of Button Mushroom, Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Imbach. Int J Microbiol 1:1-6.
Choudhary, D.K, Agrawal, P.K and Johri, B.N. (2009). Characterization of functional activity in composted casing amendments used in cultivation of Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Imbach. Ind J Biotech 8: 97-109.
Colak, M., Baysal, E., Simsek, H., Toker. H. and Yilmaz F. (2007). Cultivation of Agaricus bisporus on wheat straw and waste tea leaves based compost and locally available casing materials Part III: Dry matter, protein, and carbohydrate contents of Agaricus bisporus. Afri J Bio-tech 6: 2855-2859.
Coskuner, Y. and Ozdemir, Y. (1997). Effects of canning processes on the elements content of cultivated mush-rooms (Agaricus bisporus). Food Chem 60: 559-562.
Ebadi, A., Hossein A.A and Mehdi, R. (2012). Effect of Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria (PGPR) on the Mor-phophysiological Properties of Button Mushroom Aga-ricus bisporus in Two Different Culturing Beds. Int J Appl Basic Sci 3 (1) 203-212.
Gupta, Y. and Sharma, S.R. (2008). Mushroom spawn pro-duction technical bulletin No.5, India In: All India Coordinated Research paper on mushroom, National Research Centre of Mushroom. Indian council of Agri-cultural research; 2008, 5-8 September; Chambaghat, Solan, India. pp. 91-94.
Han, J. (1999). The influence of photosynthetic bacteria treatments on the crop yield, dry matter content, and protein content of the mushroom Agaricus bisporus. Sci Horti 82: 171- 178.
Hedge, J.E and Hofreiter, B.T. (1962). In: Methods in Car-bohydrate Chemistry, Vol. 17. Eds., Whistler R.L. and Be Miller, J.N. New York: Academic Press; pp. 420.
Lakshmipathy, G., Jaykumar, A., Abhilash, M. and Raj, S.P. (2011). Optimization of growth parameters for in-creased yield of the edible mushroom Calocybe indica. Afri J Biotech 11(11):7701-7710.
Lowry, O.H., Rosebrough, N.J., Farr, A.L. and Randall, R.J. (1951). Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent. J Biol Chem 193:265.
Mantel, E.F.K. and Agarwal, P.K. (1972). A guide to mush-room cultivation unit, In: Handbook of Mushrooms, Directorate of Extension, New Delhi, Ministry of Agri-culture. pp.63-64.
Ram R.C. and Kumar, S. (2010). Agricultural wastes used as casing mixtures for production of button mushroom, Ind J Sci Res 1:21-25.
Riahi, H., Eskash, A. and Shariatmadari, Z. (2011). Effect of bacterial and cyanobacterial culture on growth, quality and yield of Agaricus bisporus, France In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Mushroom Biol-ogy and Mushroom Products; 2011 4-7 October; Arcachon – France p. 406-411.
Saiqa, S., Nawaz, B.H. and Asif, H.M. (2008).Studies on chemical composition and nutritive evaluation of wild edible mushrooms. Iran J Chem Eng 27:151–154.
Udugama, S., Babu, A.G.C. and Sharma, S.R. (2005). An economic feasible package for cultivation of button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus Lange). Annal Sri Lan Depart Agri 7 : 279-287.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)