##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

S. Roy S.K. Gunri A. M. Puste A. Sengupta D. Saha

Abstract

The field experiment was undertaken at the District Seed Farm, Kalyani at Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Nadia, West Bengal during summer season of 2012 and 2013 to study the growth and yield of summer groundnut as influenced by application of water soluble foliar grade fertilizer. Application of liquid grade fertilizer
at early growth stage up to 45 DAE did not influence the plant height and dry matter production significantly, but towards maturity varied significantly (P ? 0.05). Crop growth rate was faster at early part of the crop age and gradually slows at later part towards maturity. Foliar application of water soluble fertilizer along with RDF 85% had the significant (P ? 0.05) influence to increase the number of pods per plant, but shelling percentage and hundred kernel weight did not vary significantly. Liquid grade fertilizer either starter dose or booster dose or in both had the positive response to increased the groundnut pod yield up to 4-6 % over RDF only. The crop was equally responsive in increasing the pod yield, when RDF was reduced by 15% along with foliar application of liquid grade fertilizer. The foliar application of water soluble fertilizer was not the substitute to soil applied inorganic fertilizer. Instead, foliar supplementation of nutrients showed positive response to increase the pod yield, in addition to the fertilizers added to soil. Gross return decreased with reduction in amount of RDF applied for the crop, but gross return increased, when water soluble foliar grade inorganic fertilizer was supplemented with RDF. The maximum gross return of `150399 was obtained. The results obtained from correlation analysis carried out to examine the linear relationship between pod yields with different plant characters. Data obtained in case of dry matter of the plant was 0.995 and 0.997 in the respective years at 1% level of significance. Thus, it was concluded that dry matter content of plant is solely responsible over the yield increase in groundnut and foliar application of inorganic fertilizers in addition to that in soil has helped in better adsorption of nutrients in adequate amount by the crop.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Correlation analysis, Foliar fertilization, Groundnut, Growth and yield attributes, Regression analysis and Yield

References
Amandeep, Parmar,U and Singh,P. (2004). Efficacy of mepiquat chloride as foliar application at three stages of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cv M-335. Environment and Ecology. 22(4): 783-786.
Balerao, P.D.; Jadhao, P.N. and Fulzele, G.R. (1994). Response of groundnut to foliar application of nutrients and growth stimulant. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural- Universities. 19(1): 94-96.
El-Fouly, M.M. and El-Sayed, A.A. (1997). Foliar Fertilization: An environmentally friendly application of fertilizers. Dahlia Greidinger International symposium on "Fertilization and Environment" 24-27 March, Haifa, Israel, Ed. John, J. 346-357.
Gomez, K. A. and Gomez, A. A. 1984. Statistical procedures for Agricultural Research (2nd Ed.). An International Rice Research Institute Book. A Willey Inter-science Publication (John Willey and Sons), New York: 258-259.
Hiradeve, P.N; Deotale, R.D; Deogirkar, M.S. and Gaikwad, S.B. (2011). Effectivity of foliar sprays of vermicompost wash on chemical, biochemical, yield and yield contributing parameters of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Journal of soils and crops. 21(2): 266-272.
Jackson, M. L. 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp: 497.
Kalamkar, S.S. (2006). Prospects of Contract Farming in India in the Context of Globalisation. Indian Journal of Agricultural Marketing. 20 (3): 25.
Kabir, R., Yeasmin, S., Islam, A.K.M.M. and Sarkar, Md. A. 2013. Effect of Phosphorus, Calcium and Boron on the Growth and Yield of Groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.). Inter. J. Bio-Sci. Bio-Technol., 5 (3): 51- 60.
Namo,O.A.T and Dowyaro,L.L.G. (2009).The influence of rate and time of nitrogen fertilization on nodulation and yield of rain-fed groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Discovery and Innovation. 21(3/4): 50-55.
Patil,K.B., Adsule,R.N. and Kachare, D.P. (1999). Influence of foliar spray of methanol on the growth, nutrient uptake, yield and quality of groundnut. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities. 24(2): 127-130.
Patra,A.K., Tripathy, S.K. and Samui, R.C. (1995). Effect of post-flowering foliar application of nutrients on growth, yield and economics of rainfed groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L). Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 38 (3): 203-206.
Pendashtek, M., Tarighi, F., Doustan, H.Z. (2011). Effect of foliar zinc spraying and nitrogen fertilization on seed yield and several attributes of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). World Appl. Sci. J. 13(5):1209-1217.
Roemheld,V. and M.M. El-Fouly. (1999). Foliar nutrient application: Challenge and limits crop production. Proc. 2nd International Workshop on "Foliar Fertilization" April 4-10 Bangkok, Thailand: 1-32.
Sarkar, R.K., Chakraborty, A. and Saha, A . (1999). Effect of foliar application of potassium nitrate and calcium nitrate on groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.).Indian Journal of Agronomy. 44(4): 809-812.
Vanilarasu, K. and Balakrishnamurthy, G. (2014). Influences of organic manures and amendments in soil physiochemical properties and their impact on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of banana. The Bioscan. 9(2): 525-529.
Veerabhadrappa, B.H. and Yeledhalli, N.A. (2005). Effect of soil and foliar nutrition on partitioning of nutrients at different growth stages of groundnut. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 18(4): 940-945.
Varade, P. A. and Urkude, D. K. 1982. Response of groundnut to sources and levels of potassium. Indian Potash J. 7(1): 2-5.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Roy, S., Gunri, S., Puste, A. M., Sengupta, A., & Saha, D. (2016). Growth and yield of summer groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) as influenced by foliar application of water soluble fertilizer. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(1), 245–250. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i1.781
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles