Raushan Kumar Nalini Ranjan Kumar Manoj Kumar


Mahisar chaur, situated in north-eastern part of Samastipur district of Bihar, is spread over 607.29 ha area with an average water depth of 2.5-3 m. The chaur was flood prone and remained inundated with water for most part of the year and hence was not suitable for agriculture. With collective efforts of land owners, a drainage canal along with sluice gate was constructed to manage the flow of water in the chaur to take up both the agriculture and fishery enterprises in the chaur. Now the chaur is being successfully utilized for fishery by a cooperative society of land owners during the period of water logging (June/July to October) and for agriculture, by individual farmers during November to April. The present study investigated into income and employment generation and management practices of chaur (floodplain) in Samastipur (Bihar), India for suggesting suitable measures to improve production and productivity from the resource. For the purpose, primary data was collected from 60 sample respondent by personal interview method with the help of pre-tested questionnaire specially designed for the study. Fishery and agriculture was the two enterprises undertaken by land owners in the chaur. During rainy season when entire chaur is
inundated with water fisheries is practised with community participation while agriculture is practiced during rabi season by individual farmers on their land holdings. Cropping intensity in chaur was 199.05 percent which indicate about two time use of same area for different economic activity. The overall net income from both the agriculture and fishery in chaur was INR 43,041.94 (US$ 791.08) per hectare per annum and employment generation was 78.11 man days per hectare per annum. The contribution of agriculture in total income was 69.52 percent while that of fisheries was 30.48 percent. Retention of water in central part of the chaur for rearing of juveniles caught during draining out of chaur may improve fish productivity which in turn may increase income and employment opportunity and share of fisheries in total income.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Community, Floodplain, Management of Chaur, Pre- harvest contractor

Chandra, K.J., Sarkar, D., Khaleque, M.A. and Das, D.R. (2010). Economic analysis of floodplain aquaculture at Dandkandi upzilla in Comilla, Journal of Bangladesh Agricultural University 8(2). ISSN 1810-3030:323-332.
Cochran, William G. (1977). Sampling Techniques (3rd Edition), Willey Eastern Limited, New Delhi, pp 89-96.
Gittinger, J.P. (1982). Economic analysis of Agricultural Projects, 2nd edn. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London, pp 361.
Government of Bihar (2006). Bihar Fisheries Jalkar Management Bill, 2006. Animal and Fisheries Resources Department, Government of Bihar, pp 4-11.
Government of Bihar (2008). Draft Fisheries Policy, Directorate of Fisheries, Department of Animal and Fish Resources , Government of Bihar. Downloaded from http://ahd.bih.nic.in/acts/ar-01-20-06-2008.pdf
Government of India (2008). Bihar’s Agriculture Development: Opportunities & Challenges -A Report of the Special Task Force on Bihar. Downloaded from the website-http://planningcommission.gov.in/aboutus/taskforce/tsk_adoc.pdf
Hanna, S. (1998). Co-Management in SmallScale Fisheries : Creating Effective Links among Stakeholders. International CBNRM Workshop, Washington, D.C.
Islam, M. (2003). Bio-economic Development of Floodplains: Farming versus Fishing in Bangladesh. American Agricultural Economics Association meeting, Montreal, Canada, July 27-30.
Jha, B.C. and Chandra K. (1997). Kusheshwarsthan Chaur (North Bihar) Status and prospects for fisheries development, Bull.No. 71 Central Inland Capture Fisheries Research Institute (Indian Council of Agricultural Research) Barrackpore 743 101 West Bengal.
Jha, U.M. (2009). Economics of fish farming in flood prone areas of Bihar with special reference to Kosi river system. Vide F.No.0-15012/49/05 SER, pp 91-93.
Marothia, D.K. (2002). Institutionalizing Common Pool Resources, Concept Publishing Company, New Delhi. Nath. D. 2004. Majuli Island - an introduction. Majuli Festival. Majuli Festival Committee, Majuli.
Noble, B.F. (2000). Institutional criteria for co-management. Marine Policy, 24: 69-77.
Salim, S.S. and Biradar, R.S. (2001). Practical manual on Fisheries project formulation and management. Central Institute of Fisheries Education, pp 26-28.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Kumar, R., Kumar, N. R., & Kumar, M. (2015). Community participated management of chaur (floodplain) fisheries: A case study of mahisar chaur in Samastipur district of Bihar, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 7(2), 991-996. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v7i2.719
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)