Eight medicinal plants viz., Sinduri, Bixa orellana (Bixaceae); Dalchini, Cinnamomum zelanicum (Lauraceae); Camphora, Cinnamomum camphora (Lauraceae); Gular, Ficus racemosa (Moraceae); Arjun, Terminalia arjuna (Combretaceae); Nagkesar, Messua ferrea (Calophyllaceae); Sarpgandha, Rauwolfia serpentina (Apocynaceae); Putranjeeva, Putranjeeva roxburghii (Euphorbiaceae) at 5% and 10 % concentrations were tested for the feeding against larvae of Spodoptera litura and Spilarctia obliqua. At 10% conc. C.camphora (hexane, diethyl ether, and acetone) was found extremely antifeedant against the larvae of both insects (S.litura and S.obliqua) while C.zeylanicum (hexane, diethyl ether, and acetone) and P.roxbughii (diethyl ether, and acetone), B.orellana (Acetone) showed extremely antifeedant activity only against the larvae of S.litura. At 5% concentration, the same plants were also effective against the larvae but their efficacy was less than at 10% concentration. The observation showed promising results with these plant extracts against the feeding and management of these two insect pests of agricultural importance.
Antifeedant, feeding behaviour, medicinal plants, Spodoptera litura and Spilarctia obliqua
Bakavathiappan, G., Baskaran, S., Pavaraj, M. and Jeyaparvathi, S. (2012). Effect of Calotropis procera leaf extract on Spodoptera litura (Fab.). JBiopest. 5: 135-138.
Bhatt, P. (2013). Bioefficacy of botanicals and insecticides against polyphagous insects and phagostimulant activity of medicinal plants to Bombyx mori linn. Thesis, Ph.D, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology., Pantnagar, pp:234.
Chauhan, P., Shivakuma, M.S., Muthusamy, R. and Kumar, D. (2011). Larvicidal activity of solvent leaf extracts of Cassia fistula (Linn) and Clerodendron inerme (Gaer) on the Spodoptera litura (Insecta: Noctuidae): A Potential Botanical Alternative. Journal of Ecotoxicology. 3(7) : 01-04.
Chauhan, D. (2012). Bioactivity of some medicinal plants against Bombyx mori (Linn.) and Spodoptera litura (Fab.) and efficacy of some insecticides against insect pests. MSc. Thesis, (Ag.), G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, pp: 94.
Elumalai, K., Krishnappa, K., Anandan, A., Govindarajan, M. and Mathivanan, T. (2010). Antifeedant activity of medicinal plant essential oils against Spodoptera litura (lepidoptera:noctuidae). International Journal of Recent Scientific Research. 2 : 062-068.
Jeyasankar, A., Premalatha, S. and Elumalai, K. (2012). Biological activities of Solanum pseudocapsicum (Solanaceae) against cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera Hübner and armyworm, Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidotera: Noctuidae). Asian Pac. J. Trop. Biomed. 2 (12) : 981-986.
Kogan, M. and Goeden, R.D. (1970). The host plant range of Lema trilineata Daturaphila (Coleoptera: Cheysomelidae). Annals of Entomological Society ofAmerica. 63 (4): 1175-1180.
Kaur, A., Sohal, S.K., Arora, S., Kaur, H. and Kaur, A.P. (2014). Effect of plant extracts on biochemistry of Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2 (3): 86-92.
Mdoe, F.P., Cheng, S.S., Msangi, S., Nkwengulila, G., Chang, S.T. and Kweka, E.J. (2014). Activity of Cinnamomum osmophloeum leaf essential oil against Anopheles gambiae Parasites & Vectors. 7 : 209.
Mazid, M., Khan, T.A. and Mohammad, F. (2011). Role of secondary metabolites in defense mechanisms of plants. Biology and Medicine, 3 (2): 232-249.
Orozco, J., Soto, A.Y. and Hipolito, A. (2006). Repellent effects of Crotalaria juncea, Galactia striata and Cymbopogon nardus against Cyrtomenus bergi (Hemiptera: Cydnidae). Journal of Biology and Earth Sciences, 6: 179-185.
Pandey, R. (2011). Bioefficacy of some medicinal plants and insecticides against Bombyx mori (Linn.) and Spodoptera litura (Fab.). Ph.D Thesis, G.B. Pant University of Ag-riculture and Technology., Pantnagar, pp: 230.
Pande, Deepti and Srivastava, R.P. (2003). Toxicity and antifeedant activity of indoxacarb (Avaunt 14.5 SC) against tobacco caterpillar, Spodoptera litura (Fab.). Insect Environment. 9 (2) : 69-70.
Purwar, J.P. and Srivastava, R.P. (2003). Toxicity and antifeedant activity of diflubenzuron (Dimilin 25 WP) against S. litura. Indian J. Appl. Entomology. 17 (1): 28-32.
Ramangouda, S.H and Srivastava, R.P. (2008). Effect of medicinal plant extracts on biological parameters of tobacco caterpillar, Spodoptera litura. Indian-Journal-of-Plant-Protection. 36 (2): 196-199.
Sanchez, L.E.C., Osornio, J.J.J. and Herrera, M.A.D. (2010). Secondary metabolites of the annonaceae, solanaceae and meliaceae families used as biological control of insects. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems, 12: 445 -462.
Sonowal, M., Bhattacharya, S, and Dhar, T. (2008). Preliminary studies on insecticidal activities of acetonic plant extracts against Bihar hairy caterpillar of jute, Spilarctia obliqua. Crop-Research-Hisar. 35(3): 259-264.
Sahayaraj, K. (2011). Aqueous and water extracts of chosen botanicals on Helicoverpa armigera Hubner and Spodoptera litura Fab. Journal of Agricultural Technology. 7 (2) : 339-347.
Singh, R.P. and Pant, N.C. (1980). Lycosine –a resistance factor in plants sub family: Amarylloidiodae (Amaryllidae) against desert locust . Experientia., 36: 552.
Tapondjou, A.I., Alder, C., Fontem, D.A., Bouda, H. and Reichmuth, C.H. (2005). Bioactivities of cymol and essential oils of Cupressus sempervirens and Eucalyptus saligna against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky and Tribolium confusium du val. J. Stored. Products. Res. 41, 91-102.
Tugizimana, F., Piater, L. and Dubery, I. (2013). Plant metabolomics: A new frontier in phytochemical analy-sis. S Afr J Sci. 109 : 5-6.
Ullah, R., Hussain, Z., Iqbal, Z., Hussain, J., Khan, F.U., Khan, N., Muhammad, Z., Ayaz, S., Ahmad, S., Rehman, N.U. and Hussain, I. (2010). Traditional uses of medicinal plants in Darra Adam Khel, N.W.F.P., Pakistan. J. Med Plan Res. 4(17): 1815-1821.
Upadhyay, R.K. (2013). Bio-efficacy of latex extracts from plant species Thevetia nerifolia, and Artocarpus heterophyllus, Ficus glomerata and Calotropis procera on survival, feeding, development and reproductive behavior of Spodoptera litura (F.) Noctuidae: Lepidoptera. IJCBS, 4:86-98.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)