P. N. Meena A. N. Tripathi B. S. Gotyal S. Satpathy


In the present study efforts were made to explore the efficacy of various plant extracts and oil cakes against Macrophomina phaseolina. The efficacy of eight different plant species, Zingiber officianale, Aloe indica, Lawsonia inermis, Chenopodium album, Allium cepa, Piper betel, Murraya koenigii, Parthenium hysterophorus aqueous extracts including oil cakes of mustard and neem were evaluated by using of poisoned food technique in vitro for their inhibitory effect on mycelial growth of M. phaseolina causing stem rot of jute (Corchorus olitorius and C. capsularis). The rhizome extract of Z. officinale produced maximum growth inhibition (74.59%) of the pathogen followed by leaf extracts of A. indica (63.57%), and leaf extract of L. inermis (60.17%) at the concentration of 10%. The maximum mycelial growth inhibition (52.40%) was recorded with neem cake (Azadirachta indica) at the concentrations of 20% followed by 42.61% and 29.60% with concentration of 15% and 10%, respectively. However, maximum mycelial growth inhibition (19.42%) was recorded with mustard cake (Brassica juncea) at the concentration of 20% followed by 16.64% and 12.20% at the concentration of 15% and 10% respectively. In general mycelial growth inhibition was dose dependent and it was maximum in case of neem cake than mustard cake. The present study revealed that, these plant extracts and oilcake extracts could be exploited for the possible control of deadly pathogen M. phaseolina. Accordingly, this is an important proactive measure in preventing the spread of the stem rot disease through a more ecofriendly approach.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Jute, Macrophomina phaseolina, Oilcake extracts, Phytoextracts

Chowdhury, H., Banerjee, T. and Walia, S. (2008). In vitro screening of Curcuma longa. Its derivatives as antifungal agents against Helminthosporium oryzae and Fusarium solani. Pestic. Res. J., 20 (1): 6-9.
Datar, V.V. (1999). Bio efficacy of plant extracts against Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid. The incitant of charcoal rot of sorghum. J. Mycol. Pl. Pathol., 29 (2): 251-253.
Dhingani, J. C., Solanky, K. U. and Kansara, S. S. (2013). Management of root rot disease Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi.) Goid of chickpea through botanicals and oil cakes. The Bioscan, 8 (3): 739-742.
Dubey, R. C. and Dwivedi, R. S. (1991). Fungi toxic properties of some plant extract against vegetative growth and sclerotial viability M. phaseolina. Indian Phytopath, 44: 411-413.
Duke, S. O., Romagni, J. G. and Dayan, F. E. (2000). Natural products as sources for new mechanisms of herbicidal action. Crop Protec., 19:583-589.
Ezhilan, G. J., Chandrasekhar, V. and Kurucheve, V. (1994). Effect of six selected plant products and oil cakes on the selerotial production and germination of Rhizoctonia solani. Indian Phytopath, 47(2): 183-185.
Isman, M. B. (2006). Botanical insecticides, deterrents and repellents in modern agriculture and an increasingly regulated world. Annu. Rev. Entomol., 51:45-66.
Jha, A. K., Dubey, S. C. and Jha, D. K. (2000). Evaluation of different leaf extracts and oilcakes against Macrophomina phaseolina causing collar rot of okra. J. Research., 12 (2): 225-228.
Kane, P. V., Kshirsagar, C. R., Jadhav, A. C. and Pawar, N. B. (2002). In vitro evaluation of some plant extracts against Rhizoctonia bataticola in chickpea. J. Maharastra Agric. Univ., 27(1):101-102.
Mishra, B. D., Sahoo, K. C., Sugata, G., and. Rout, M. K. (2005). In vitro evaluation of plant extracts, oil cakes and agrochemicals against web blight of green gram caused by Rhizoctonia solani. J. Mycopatho. Res., 43:255-257.
Parveen, S., Wani, A. H., Ganie, A. A., Pala, S. A. and Mir, R. A. (2014). Antifungal activity of some plant extracts on some pathogenic fungi. Arch Phytopath. Pl. Protect, 47, 2014, 279-284.
Rahiman, F.A., Mahmad, N., Taha, RM., Elias, H., and Zaman, F.H. (2013). Antimicrobial properties of Lawsonia inermis syn. Lawsonia alba in vivo and in vitro. J. Food Agri. Environ., 11:502-504.
Roy, A., De, R. K. and Ghosh, S. K. (2008). Diseases of bast fibre crops and their management in jute and allied fibres, pp. 327. In: Karmakar, P. G., Hazra, S. K., Ramasubramanian, T. R., Mandal, R. K., Sinha, M. K. and Sen, H. S (Eds.). In: Updates Production Technology, Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibres, Barrckpore, West Bengal, India.
Tandel, D. H., Sabalpara, A. N. and Pandya, J. R. (2010). Efficacy of phytoextracts on Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid causing leaf blight of green gram. Int. J. Parma Biosci, 2: 1-5.
Upadhyay, M. L. and Gupta, R. C. (1990). Effect of extracts of some medicinal plants on the growth of Curvularia lunata. Indi. J. Mycol. Pl. Pathol., 20 (2): 144-145.
Varma, J. and. Dubey, N. K. (1999). Prospective of botanical and microbial products as pesticides of tomorrow. Curr. Sci., 76 (2): 172–179.
Vincent, J. M. (1947). Distortion of fungal hyphae in presence of certain inhibitors. Nature, 150 - 850.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Meena, P. N., Tripathi, A. N., Gotyal, B. S., & Satpathy, S. (2014). Bio-efficacy of phytoextracts and oil cakes on Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) causing stem rot disease of jute, Corchorus spp. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 6(2), 530–533. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v6i2.494
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles