Amrit Pegu Rekha Kalita Pankaj Das Chittaranjan Baruah https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7030-7567


Northeast India has various water bodies including the tributaries of the Brahmaputra and Barak river systems, wetlands, lakes
and beels. These water bodies support the diversity of many fish species. Seasonal changes in the number of fish species in
the SIS category were also observed and they are most abundant during the winter and least abundant during the monsoon
season. Many researchers collected fish data from Assam's rivers and wetlands, particularly small indigenous species (SIS).
Small Indigenous Species (SIS) of fish are a vital and conveniently accessible source of rare protein, vitamins, and minerals in
traditional diets. The present study aimed to review Assam's small indigenous fish species and their nutritional worth. The
sources of the review article were Google Scholar, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, and PubMed for SIS nutrition composition,
fish nutritional profile, and fish proximate composition. Northeast India’s rural inhabitants get their sustenance from fish SIS. The
SIS of Northeast India fish species contain proteins, lipids, vitamins, minerals, and vital macro- and micronutrients. The protein
content of SIS range from 12.49% to 18.30% (12.49–18.30g/100 g), lipid content from 0.7% to 19.63% (0.7–19.63g/100 g),moisture content from 65.88% to 82.8% (65.88–82.8g/100 g), and ash level from 2% to 6.8% (2–6.8g/100 g). This review suggests SIS has adequate nutritional benefits because it is an excellent source of proteins, lipids, vitamins, minerals, and omega-3 fatty acids necessary for optimal health. Northeast India’s impoverished region might achieve their nutritional demands by eating more SIS of fish.


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Nutritional profile, Northeast India, Proximate composition, SIS fish

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Pegu, A., Kalita, R., Das, P., & Baruah, C. (2023). Nutritional composition of small indigenous species of fishes of Northeast India: A systematic review . Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 15(2), 649–662. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v15i2.4490
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