##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Vignesh. D P. Senthilvalavan M. V. Sriramachandrasekharan R. Manivannan C. Ravikumar

Abstract

Phosphorus (P) deficiency in soil limits crop yields and can be managed by P fertilizers. But mere applying P fertilizers alone may not be effective in justifying its bioavailability. At present global P reserves are declining in an increasing way which urges us to find out alternatives. Thus, the present work was taken to prepare phosphocompost using water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) as feedstock, termite, and normal soil as bulking agents cum decomposers and enriched with single super phosphate. The effect of phosphocompost on rice(var.ADT-43) productivity, P availability and uptake was evaluated by comparing various P fertilizers (single super phosphate, rock phosphate, di-ammonium phosphate, nano phosphate) combined with or without phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB). The experiment was laid out in a completely randomized design with seven treatments including absolute control and replicated thrice. Phosphocompost produced with water hyacinth and termite soil microbes come with superior quality and early maturity compared to normal soil. Pot culture study results revealed that rice growth, yield, P availability and uptake were significantly (p<0.05) higher with SSP + PSB, and Nano phosphate +PSB treated plants, followed by Phosphocompost + PSB. The cost of P fertilizer (Rs/ha) related to yield (kg/ha) was found to be significantly low with phosphocompost (Rs.1132/-) than SSP (Rs.1530/-) and Nano P (Rs.2518/-). Further, phosphocompost combined PSB helps in optimizing the P availability in a long run through P solubilization thus sustained the P uptake. The present investigation brings light to the valorization of water hyacinth as compost will be an effective and economically viable alternative for P fertilizers.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Nano phosphate, Phosphocompost, Phosphorus solubilizing bacteria, Rice productivity, Single super phosphate, Termite soil microbes, Water hyacinth

References
Afzal,A. & Bano,A.(2008). Rhizobium and phosphate solubilizing bacteria improve the yield and phosphorus uptake in wheat (Triticum aestivum). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology,10, 1560-1566.
Allen,V.B.(2019). Fertilizers. Editor(s): Paul Worsfold, Colin Poole, Alan Townshend & Manuel MirA. Encyclopedia of Analytical Science (Third edition), Academic Press,134-144. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-409547-2.00142-6
Attia, M., Ahmed, M.A.& El-Sonbaty, M.R. (2009). Use of biotechnologies to increase growth, productivity and fruit of Maghrabi Banana under different rates of phosphorus. World J Agric. Sci., (5), 211–220.
Ayanda,O.I.,Tolulope,A.,& Asuwaju,F.P.(2020). Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms: Uses, Challenges, Threats, and Prospects. The Scientific World Journal,1–12. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/3452172
Bahadur, L., Tiwari, D.D. Mishra, J., & Gupta, B.R. (2012). Effect of integrated nutrient management on yield, microbial population and changes in soil properties under rice –wheat cropping system in sodic soil. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 60(4), 326-329.
Banerjee, K. &Pramanik, B.R. (2009). Effect of different doses and sources of phosphorus and phosphate solubilizing bacteria on the growth and yield of kharif rice. Res. Crops,10(3), 489-491.
Banik, P. & Sharma, R.C. (2008). Effects of integrated nutrient management with mulching on rice based cropping system in rain fed Eastern Plateau area. Indian .J. Agric. Sci., 78(3), 240-243.
Bationo, A., Hartemink, A., Lungu, O., Naimi, M., Okoth, P., Smaling, E. & Thiombiano, L. (2006). African soils: their productivity and profitability of fertilizer use. In: Proceedings of the African Fertilizer Summit, Abuja, Nigeria, 9–13.
Benzon, H. R. L., Rubenecia, M. R. U., Ultra Jr, V. U. & Lee, S.C.(2015). Nano-fertilizer affects the growth, development, and chemical properties of rice. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research 7,105–17.
Bhattacharyya, P., Das, S. & Adhya, T. K. (2013). Root Exudates of Rice Cultivars Affect Rhizospheric Phosphorus Dynamics in Soils with Different Phosphorus Statuses. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 44,1643–1658.
Bindraban, P.S., Dimkpa, C.O. & Pandey, R. (2020). Exploring phosphorus fertilizers and fertilization strategies for improved human and environmental health. Biol Fertil Soils, 56, 299-317. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-019-01430-2
Bommayasami, N., Rabishankar,N., & Subramani,T. (2010). Influence of nonmonetory inputs on growth and yield of rice under system of rice intensification (SRI). Indian J Agron., 55(2),95-99.
Das, D., Hrusikesh,P., Tiwari ,R.C. & Shahid, M. (2010). Effect of organic and inorganic sources of nitrogen on Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn uptake and content of rice grain at harvest and straw at different stages of rice (Oryza sativa) crop growth. Advances App. Sci. Res., 1(3),36-49.
Erfani, R., Yaghoubian,Y. & Pirdashti, H.(2020). The contribution of chemical, organic and bio-fertilizers on rice production in Iran: A meta-analysis. Russian Agricultural Sciences, 46 (6),596–601.
Fageria, N.K., Carvalho, G.D., Santos, A.B., Ferreiria, E.P.B., & Knupp, A.M. (2011).Chemistry of lowland rice soils and nutrient availability. Commn. Soil Sci. Plant Anals., 42, 1913-1933.
Food and Agricultural Organization (2005). Fertilizer use by crop in South Africa. A publication by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), TC/D/Y5998E/1/5.05/300, p 37. Accessed 27 October,2021.
Hellal, F.A.A., Nagumo, F. & Zewainy, R.M. (2013). Influence of phosphocompost application on phosphorus availability and uptake by maize grown in red soil of Ishigaki Island, Japan Agricultural Science 4:102–109. https://doi.org/10.4236/as.2013.42016
Hossain,M.M., Alam,M.S., Talukder,N.M., Chowdhury,M.A.H. & Sarkar,A. (2008). Effect of phosphate solubilizing bacteria and different phosphatic fertilizers on nutrient content of rice. J.Agrofor.Environ., 2(1),1-6.
Jackson, M.V. (1973) Soil Chemical analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt., Ltd., New Delhi.
Jain, M.S., Paul, S. & Kalamdhad, A.S.( 2019). Recalcitrant carbon for composting of fibrous aquatic waste: Degradation kinetics, spectroscopic study, and effect on physico-chemical and nutritional properties. Journal of Environmental Management,251,109568. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.10956
Jean, S.V.G., Stuart, P., Todd M.D. & Kristine, A.A. (2004). Estimating Electrical Conductivity of Compost Extracts At Different Extraction Ratios, Compost Science & Utilization, 12(3), 202-207. https://doi.org/ 10.1080/1065657X. 2004.10702184
Khan, A., Lu, G., Ayaz, M., Zhang, H., Wang, R., Lv, F., et al. (2018).Phosphorus efficiency, soil phosphorus dynamics and critical phosphorus level under long-term fertilization for single and double cropping systems. Agric. Ecosys. Enviorn.256,1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.201 8.01.006
Koning, N. B. J. (2008). Long-term global availability of food: continued abundance or new scarcity. NJAS-Wagen. J. Life Sci., 55, 229–292.
Kumar, S., Verma,A., Ashish Dwivedi, Vineet Kumar, Anoop Singh, Ajit Kumar. & Priyanka Bankoti (2016). Effect of sources and methods of phosphorus application on performance, production potential and use efficiency of P in rice (Oryza sativa L.) and physico-chemical properties of soil. Green Farming Int. J., 7 (2), 327-331.
Kutu, F. R. (2012). Effect of conservation agriculture management practices on maize productivity and selected soil quality indices under South Africa dryland conditions. African Journal Agricultural Research 7, 3839–3846. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR11.1227
Lanno, M., Kriipsalu, M., Shanskiy, M., Silm,M. & Kisand, A. (2021). Distribution of phosphorus forms depends on compost source material. Resources,10,102. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources10100102
Licker, R. (2010). Mind the gap: how do climate and agricultural management explain the ‘yield gap’ of croplands around the world? Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr., 19, 769–782.
Liu ,Y., Ge,T., Groenigen,K.J.V., Yang,Y.,Wang,P.,Cheng,K.,Zhu,Z.,Wang,J., Li,Y., Guggenberger, G., Sardan,J., Penielas,J., Wu,J., and Kuzyakov,Y. (2021). Rice paddy soils are a quantitatively important carbon store according to a global synthesis. Communications Earth & Environment, 2,154. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-021-00229-0
Loko,Y.L.E., Gbemavo,C.D.S.J., Djedatin,G., Ewedje, E.E., Orobiyi, A., Toffa, J., Tchakpa,C. & Sedah,P. (2022). Characterization of rice farming systems, production constraints and determinants of adoption of improved varieties by smallholder farmers of the Republic of Benin. Scientific Reports,12,3959 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-07946-2
Mandal, N. (2014). Development of biodegradable nanoclay polymer composites (NCPC) for controlled delivery of Zn for wheat and rice rhizosphere. Ph.D Thesis, PG School, IARI, New Delhi-110012.
Mandal, N., Datta, S.C., &Manjaiah, K.M. (2015). Synthesis, characterization and controlled release study of Zn from Zincatednanoclay polymer composites (ZNCPCs) in relation to equilibrium water absorbency under Zn deficient Typic Haplustepts. Ann. Plant Soil. Research, 17, 187-195.
Meena, R. K., Gaurav, S. & Singh, S.P. (2017). Effect of phosphorus levels and bio-organic sources on grain quality, nutrient removal and economics of wetland rice (Oryza sativa L.). Int.J Advanced Biotechnol.Res., 7 (1), 107-110.
Meena, R.K., Singh, Y.V., Lata, K., Prasanna, R.., Kaur, C., Kumar, A. & Bana, R.S. (2014). Influence of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria inoculation on nutrient availability, soil microbial properties and defence enzymes in rice (Oryza sativa) crop. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 84 (6), 761–764.
Mogollón, J. M., Beusen, A. H. W., Van Grinsven, H. J. M., Westhoek, H., &Bouwman, A. F. (2018). Future agricultural phosphorus demand according to the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways. Glob. Environ. Change 50, 149–163.
Mondal, N.C., Singh, V.P., Singh, V.S. & Saxena, V.K.(2010). Determining the interaction between groundwater and saline water through groundwater major ions chemistry. Journal of Hydrology,388(1-2),235-247.
Mueller, N. D. (2012). Closing yield gaps through nutrient and water management. Nature, 490, 254–257.
Najafi, N. & Towfigi, H. (2008). Changes I pH, EC and concentration of phosphorus in soil solution during submergence and rice growth period in some paddy soils of North Iran. Int. Meeting on Soil Fertility, Land Management and Agroclimatology, Turkey. pp: 555-567.
Nesme,T., Brunault, S., Mollier, A. & Pellerin,S. (2011). An analysis of farmers’use of phosphorus fertilizer in industrial agriculture: A case study in the Bordeaux region (South Western France). Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 91(1),99-108. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705=011-9449-x
Ogutu,P.A.(2019). Vemicomposting water hyacinth:turning fisherman’s nightmare into farmer’s fortune. Int. J. Res.Inno .Appl. Sci., 4)11-14.
Pan, I., Dam, B., & Sen, S.K. (2012). Composting of common organic wastes using microbial inoculants. 3 Biotech , 2, 127–134. https://doi. org/10.1007/s13205-011-0033-5.
Panhwar, Q.A., Radziah, O., Rahman, Z.A., Sariah, M. and Razi, I.M. (2010). Role of phosphate solubilizing bacteria on rock phosphate solubility and growth of aerobic rice. Journal of Environmental Biology, 32, 607-612.
Panhwar, Q.A. & Othman, R. (2011). Contribution of phosphate-solubilizing bacteria in phosphorus bioavailability and growth enhancement of aerobic rice. Span. J. Agric. Res., 9(3), 810-820.
Panhwar, Q.A., Radziah, O., Naher, U.A. & Shamshuddin, J. (2013). Effect of phosphate-solubilizing bacteria and organic acid on P solubilization from phosphate rock in aerobic rice. Sustain World J.doi: https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/272409
Prasad, M. (2009). A literature review on the availability of nitrogen from compost in relation to the nitrate regulations SI 378 of 2006. Environ Prot Agency Wexford , 2007–2013:32
RadhaKumari, C. &Srinivasulu Reddy. D. (2011). Sustainable nitrogen management in rice based cropping system. Indian J Agric Sci., 45(2),93-103.
Ramadhani, S., Iswanto, B., &Purwaningrum, P.(2018). Waste utilization of red snapper(Lutjanus sp.) fish bone to improve phosphorus contents in compost.IOPConf.Series: Earth Enviorn .Sci., 106,12091.
Ramalakshmi, C.S., Rao, P.C., Sreelatha, T., Padmaja, G., Madhavi, M., Rao, P.V., &Sireesha, A. (2013). Effect of integrated nutrient management (INM) on humic substances and micronutrient status in submerged rice soils. J. Rice Res., 6(1), 57-65.
Rashad Ferial, M., Saleh Walid, D. & Moselhy Mohamed, A. (2010). Bioconversion of rice straw and certain agro-industrial wastes to amendments for organic farming systems: Composting, quality, stability and maturity indices. Bioresource Technology, 101,5952-5960.
Richard, T. L., Hamelers, H. V. M., Veeken, A., & Silva, T. (2002). Moisture relationships in composting processes. Compost Science & Utilization,10(4), 286-302.
Roman, S., Ledesma, B., Alvarez,A., Coronella, C. & Qaramaleki,S.V.(2020). Suitability of hydrothermal carbonization to convert water hyacinth to added-value products. Renew. Energy, 146, 1649-1658. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2109.07.157
Sakthika,T. & Sornalaksmi,V.(2019). Nutrients Analysis of Vermicompost of Water Hyacinth Supplemented with Probiotics. Acta Scientific Agriculture ,3(10):10-13. https://doi.org/10.31080/ASAG.2019.03.0637
Samir, K. C. & Lutz, W. Te. (2017). Human core of the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways: population scenarios by age, sex and level of education for all countries to 2100. Glob. Environ. Change, 42, 181–192.
Sánchez-Monedero, M. A., Roig, A., Paredes, C. & Bernal, M. P. (2001). Nitrogen transformation during organic waste composting by the Rutgers system and its effects on pH, EC and maturity of the composting mixtures. Bioresource Technology,78(3): 301-308.
Sarkar, S., Datta, S.C. & Biswas, D. R. (2013). Synthesis and characterization of Nanoclay–Polymer Composites from soil clay with respect to their water-holding capacities and nutrient-release behavior. Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 131, 39951.
Sathya, S., James Pitchai, G. & Saravanapandiyan, P. (2013). Evaluation of enriched farmyard manure on root parameters of rice under system of rice intensification. Asian J.Soil Sci., 8 (1), 130 -135.
Semhi, K., Chaudhuri, S., Clauer, N. & Boeglin, J.L. (2008). Impact of termite activity on soil environment: A perspective from their soluble chemical components. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 5 (4), 431-444.
Senthilvalavan, P. (2019). Phosphorus and phosphate solubilizing bacteria under rice rhizosphere -a review. International Journal of Scientific Research and Reviews,8(2):3792-3811.
Senthilvalavan, P. & Ravichandran, M. (2016). Impact of inorganic and organic nutrient sources and levels on yield, N uptake and its use efficiency of rice under SRI and conventional system of cultivation. International Journal of Current Research, 8(2), 26424-26432.
Senthilvalavan,P.(2018).Yield ,uptake and availability of micronutrient cations in rice (Oryza sativa) as influenced by nutrient sources and cultivation methods. Annals of Plant and Soil Research, 8(2),338-343.
Sharma, G.D.,Thakur,R., Som Raj, Kauraw, D.L. & Kulhare, P.S. (2013). Impact of integrated nutrient management on yield, nutrient uptake, protein content of wheat (Triticum aestivum) and soil fertility in a Typic Haplustert. The Bioscan, 8(4),1159-1164.
Sharma, S.N., Prasad, R., Shivay, Y.S., Dwivedi, M.K., Kumar, S. & Kumar, D. (2009). Effect of rates and sources of phosphorus on productivity and economics of rice (Oryza sativa) as influenced by crop-residue incorporation. Indian Journal of Agronomy,54(1), 42-46.
Sharmila Rahale, C.(2011). Nutrient release pattern of nano fertilizer formulation. Ph.D (Agri.) Thesis.Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
Singh, B. & Singh, V.K. (2016). Fertilizer Management in Rice Chauhan(eds.), Rice Production Worldwide, DOI :https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47516-5_10
Singh,A.B., &Manna,M.C. (2018). Soild waste management through vermi –and phosphate –enriched composting techniques for sustainable agriculture. Water quality management. Select proceedings of ICWEES-2016. Editors: Vijay P Singh., Shalini Yadav, Ram Narayan Yadav. Springer Singapore
Solanki, R.L., Mahendra, S., Sharma, S.K. , Purohit, H.S. & Arvind, V. (2015). Effect of different level of phosphorus, sulphur and PSB on the yield of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) and soil properties and available macronutrients. Scholarly J. Agric. Sci., 5(9), 305-310.
Stanford, S. & English L. (1949). Use of flame photometer in rapid soil test of K and Na. Agron. J., 41, 446-447.
Subbiah, B.V. & Asija, G.L. (1956). A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Curr. Sci., 25, 259-260.
Subramanian, K.S., Manikandan, A., Thirunavukkarasu, M. & ShamilaRahale, C. (2015). Nano-fertilizers for Balanced Crop Nutrition. Nanotechnol. Food Agric., Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-14024
Tandon, H. L. S. (2005).Methods of Analysis of Soils, Plants, Waters, Fertilizers & Organic manures. Fertilizer Development and Consultation Organization, New Delhi.
Tarafdar, J.C., Xiang, Y., Wang, W.N., Dong, Q. & Biswas, P. (2012). Standardization of size, shape and concentration of nanoparticle for plant application. Appl. Biol. Res., 14, 138-144.
Tiessen, H. (1995). Phosphorus in the Global Environment: Transfers, Cycles and Management (Wiley, 1995).
Tognetti, C., Mazzarino, M. & Laos, F. (2011). Comprehensive quality assessment of municipal organic waste composts produced by different preparation methods. Waste Manag., 31,1146–1152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2010.12.022
United Nations Environment Program(2011).Towards a green economy: pathways to sustainable development and poverty eradication, Nairobi. www.unep.org/greeneconomy. Accessed 21 October 2021.
Valojai, S.T.S., Niknejad,Y., Amoli,H.F. & Tari,D.B. (2021). Response of rice yield and quality to nano-fertilizers in comparison with conventional fertilizers. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 44(13), 1971-1981, DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2021.1884701
Walkley, A. & Black, J.A. (1934). Estimation of soil organic carbon by chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci., 37, 29-38.
Walpola, B. C. & Yoon, M. H. (2012) Prospectus of phosphate solubilizing microorganisms and phosphorus availability in agricultural soils: a review. Afr. J. Microbiol. Res., 6, 6600–6605. 
Withers, P. J. A., Van Dijk, K. C., Neset, T.S.S., Nesme,T., Oenema,O., Rubaek, G.H., Schoumans,O.F., Smit,B. & Pellerin, S. (2015). Stewardship to tackle global phosphorus inefficiency: The case of Europe.AMBIO,44193-206.
Yeomans, J.C. & Bremner, I.M. (1988). A rapid and precise method for routine determination of srganic carbon in Soil. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal.,19,1467-1476. https://doi.org/10.1080/00103628809368027
Zameer, F., Meghashri, S., Copal, S. & Rao, B.R. (2010). Chemical and microbial dynamics during composting of herbal pharmaceutical industrial waste. J Chem., 7(1),143–148. https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/645978
Zeng, G.M., Huang, H.l., Huang, D.L., Yuan, X.Z., Jiang, R.Q., Yu, M., Yu, H.Y., Zhang, J.C., Wanga, R.Y. & Liu, X.L. (2009). Effect of inoculating white-rot fungus during different phases on the compost maturity of agricultural wastes. Process Biochemistry, 44, 396-400.
Citation Format
How to Cite
D, V., Senthilvalavan, P., Sriramachandrasekharan, M. V., Manivannan, R., & Ravikumar, C. (2022). Preparation of water hyacinth-based phosphocompost and its evaluation against certain phosphorus fertilizers along with phosphate solubilizing bacteria on P availability, uptake and rice productivity . Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 14(4), 1387–1399. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v14i4.3911
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)