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Khushbu Rachna Gulati Sushma Amit Kour Pankaj Sharma

Abstract

Heavy metals have a high density that is harmful even in low quantity. These metals enter aquatic habitats through various sources, home effluents, including industrial waste, atmospheric sources, and other metal-based businesses, as well as E-Waste. Heavy metal pollution is responsible for degenerating aquatic species, creating physical abnormalities in creatures and contaminating the aquatic environment. These poisonous heavy metals cause a variety of fish ailments like decrease in hatching rate, teratogenesis and bioaccumulation in the tissues etc. The contamination of heavy metals in aquatic bodies and ecosystems has a significant influence on the food chain. Because fish people consume fish, it has an indirect impact on their health. These heavy metals also have a higher impact on the environment because they remain for longer periods and have bio-accumulative capabilities, leading water health to deteriorate. This study offers insight into the disruption of fish and human physiology, their reproductive ability by heavy metals. This review provides baseline data on the heavy metals and aquatic environment, especially fish and human health. The data will increase sensitivity to preventing and managing aquatic environmental pollution, particularly heavy metal contamination.

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Keywords

Aquatic environmental pollution, Bio-accumulative, Fish physiology, Heavy metal, Human health

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Khushbu, Gulati, R., Sushma, Kour, A., & Sharma, P. (2022). Ecological impact of heavy metals on aquatic environment with reference to fish and human health. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 14(4), 1471–1484. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v14i4.3900
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