##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

R. P. Sharma Vandana Kaushal Gayatri Verma S. P. Sharma

Abstract

The results on the effect of three decade long term application of chemical fertilizers and amendments on the yield of continuous maize-wheat crop rotation in an acid alfisol at Palampur revealed that continuous omission of essential nutrients in a maize-wheat sequence resulted in an appreciable decline in the grain yield of maize and wheat crops. A remarkable reduction in crop yield was noticed in plots where nitrogen was applied alone. Use of recommended level of N alone through urea had deleterious effect on crop productivity. The continuous exhaustion
of native pools of K in 100% NP treated plots appreciably reduced percent grain yield. Application of farmyard manure (FYM) and lime along with NPK fertilizers increased the crop yield. The integrated use of optimal dose of NPK and FYM give better and more sustainable yields.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Farmyard manure, Long-term fertilization, Maize, Wheat and Yield

References
Bhatnagar, G.S., Sharma, G.L. and Chaplot, P.C. (1994). Long-term effect of continuous maize (Zea mays)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system and manuring on soil fertility and stability in crop yield. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 64 (12):821-823.
Hati, K.M., Swarup, A., Mishra, B., Manna, M.C., Wanjari, R.H., Mandal, K.G. and Misra, A.K. (2008). Impact of long-term application of fertilizer, manure and lime under intensive cropping on physical properties and organic carbon content of an Alfisol. Geoderma, 148:173-179.
Lal, R. (1994). Methods and guidelines for assessing sustainable use of soil and water resources in tropics. SMSS Technical Monograph No. 21 USDA pp,78.
Mahajan, K.K., Sharma, Pritam., K. and Singh, R. (1997). Amelioration of acid soils of Himachal Pradesh by liming for higher productivity. Research Bulletin, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalya pp, 33.
Mengel, K. and Kirkby, E.A. (1987). Principles of Plant Nutrition (Fourth Edition). International Potash Institute Worblaufen- Bern.
Pathak, S.K., Singh, S.B., Jha, R.N. and Sharma, R.P. (2005). Effect of nutrient management on nutrient uptake and changes in soil fertility in maize-wheat cropping system. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 50: 269-273.
Prasad, J., Karmakar, S., Kumar, R. and Mishra, B. (2010). Influence of integrated nutrient management on yield and soil properties in maize-wheat cropping system in an Alfisol of Jharkhand. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 58(2): 200-204.
Sharma, S.P., Subehia, S.K. and Sharma, P.K. (2002). Long-term effects of chemical fertilizers on soil quality, crop productivity and sustainability. Research Bulletin. CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalya. pp, 33.
Singh, A.K., Sarkar, A.K., Kumar, A. and Singh, B.P.(2009). Effect of long-term use of mineral fertilizers, lime and farmyard manure on the crop yield, available plant nutrient and heavy metal status in acidic loam soil. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 57:362-365.
Sinha, S.K., Singh, V.N. and Singh, K.P. (1997). Effect of continuous use of fertilizers on physical and physicochemical properties of an Alluvial soil. Journal of Research, (BAU) 9 (1): 163-166.
Subehia, S.K., Verma, S. and Sharma S.P. (2005). Effect of long-term use of chemical fertilizers with and without organics on forms of soil acidity, phosphorus adsorption and crop yields in an acid soil. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 53: 308-314.
Swarup, A. (2000). Long-term fertilizer experiments to study changes in soil quality, crop productivity and sustainability. Research Bulletin. Indian Institute of Soil Science, Bhopal. pp, 55.
Thakur, R., Kauraw, D.L. and Singh, M. (2011). Effect of continuous applications of nutrient inputs on spatial changes of soil physicochemical properties of a medium black soils. Journal of Soils and Crops, 19 (1):14-20.
Verma, T.S. and Singh, S. (1996). Effect of lime and gypsum on different forms of soil aluminium and acidity and crop yields in acid alfisols of Himachal Pradesh. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 44: 417-421.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Sharma, R. P., Kaushal, V., Verma, G., & Sharma, S. P. (2014). Effect of three decade long application of chemical fertilizer and amendments on crop yield under maize - wheat cropping system in an acid alfisol. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 6(1), 106–109. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v6i1.383
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles