Field experiments were conducted at two different geographical regions viz., tropical region (Naraseepuram village, Coimbatore) and temperate region (Kookal village, Kotagiri, The Nilgiris) in summer and winter season’s to assess the bioefficacy of insecticides used against Diamondbackmoth (DBM), Plutella xylostella and their potential impact on natural enemies in cauliflower. The results revealed that the diamide insecticides like cyantraniliprole 10.26 OD @ 60 g a.i ha-1, chlorantraniliprole 18.50 SC @ 10 g a.i ha-1 and flubendiamide 20 WG @ 18.24 g a.i ha-1 registered more than 95 percent population reduction over untreated control followed by emamectin benzoate 5 SG @ 10 g a.i ha-1 and thiodicarb 75 WP @ 750 g a.i ha-1. Quinalphos 25 EC @ 500 g a.i ha-1and chlorpyriphos 20 EC @ 400 g a.i ha-1 were observed as least effective among the treated insecticides. The diamide insecticides recorded considerably less toxic effect on the natural enemies, especially spiders and coccinellids. Population reduction of natural enemies was noticed immediately after insecticide spray but it gradually increased and was recorded on par with the control population. Hence, cyantraniliprole 10.26 OD @ 60 g a.i ha-1, chlorantraniliprole 18.50 SC @ 10 g a.i ha-1 and flubendiamide 20 WG @ 18.24 g a.i ha-1 can be used as potential component in the integrated pest management against DBM in cole crops.
Cauliflower, Chlorantraniliprole, Cyantraniliprole, DBM, Flubendiamide
Gomez, K.A. & Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons Inc, New York, USA. 704 pp.
Harika, G., Dhurua, S., Suresh, M. & Sreesandhya, N. (2019).Evaluation of Certain Insecticides against Diamondback Moth (DBM) Plutella xylostella on Cauliflower. International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management. 10(1), 070-076.
Hiramoto, M. (2007). Evaluation of chlorantraniliprole, flubendiamide, indoxacarb, metaflumizone and pyridalyl for diamondback moth, Plutella xylostealla, (Linnaeus) in Hawaii. Annual Meeting: Entomological Society of America, December 9-12, 2007.
Hu, Z. D., Feng, X., Li, Z. Y., Zhang, D. Y.& Chen, H. Y. (2010). Studies on the susceptibility of diamondback moth (DBM), Plutella xylostella L., to chlorantraniliprole in different vegetable fields. Agrochemicals Research and Application, 14, 25-27.
Kodandaram, M.H., Raj, A.B. & Jaydeep Haldhar. (2017). Effectiveness of new anthranllic diamide insecticide cyantranilliprole 10% OD against diamondback moth and sucking insect pests of cruciferous vegetables. Mysore. J. Agric. Sci., 51(A), 77-82.
National Horticultural Board (2017). Indian horticultural database, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, Annual report, 184-187
Patel, D.N. & Patel, D. R. (2020). Efficacy of insecticides against diamond back moth in cauliflower. Indian Journal of Entomology, 82(1), 131-133.
Preethi. S. (2019). Dissipation of diamide group of insecticides in/on cabbage. Unpublished M.Sc. (Ag.) Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, 182p.
Patra, S., Dhote, V.W., Bhumita, P., Chatterjee, M. L. & Samanta, A. (2012). Bioefficacy of new diamide insecticides against diamond back moth (Plutella xylostella L.) on cabbage. In: Proceedings of International Symposium on Food Security Dilemma: Plant Health and Climate Change Issues (pp. 36) 7-9 December, 2012, BCKV, Kalyani, West Bengal, India.
Seal, D.R. & Sabines, C.M. (2013). Effectiveness of biological insecticides in controlling the diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) on Cabbage. Proceedings Florida. State Horticulture Society, 126, 118-122.
Selvaraj, C., & Kennedy, J.S., (2017). Bio-efficacy of some new generation insecticides on Plutella xylostella L. in and toxicity on two natural enemies. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 9(3), 3680–3682
Sharma, P., Kumawat, K.C., Khinchi, S.K., Kumar, V.& Prasad, B. (2017). Bio efficacy of different insecticides against diamondback moth. International Journal of Chemical Studies 5(3), 891–893.
Uthamasamy, S., Kannan, M., Senguttuvan, K. & Jayaprakash, S.A. (2011). Status damage potential and management of diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) in TamilNadu. In: Proceedings of The 6th International workshop on management of the diamondback moth and other crucifer insect pests. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center, Taiwan, pp. 270-279.
Vinothkumar, B., Sangamithra, S., Shanmugapriya, R., Muthukrishnan, N. & Kuttalam, S. (2019). Field evaluation of thiacloprid 240 SC against thrips, Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood in pomegranate. Madras Agric. J., 106 (7-9), 528 – 532. doi:10.29321/MAJ 2019.000297.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)