Kiran Dharambir Singh Amit Kour Priya Dahiya Vikram Delu Rahul kumar


Avian species diversity and their assemblage are responsible for maintaining the integrity and health of any ecosystem. Documentation of avian diversity in different habitats is sensitive tool for monitoring the environmental condition. The present investigation aimed to record the diversity of avian fauna at the main campus and agricultural landscapes of Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana agricultural University, Hisar (Haryana). Line transect and point count methods were used to taking observations on different species of birds. A total of 101 bird species under 17 orders 43 families and 86 genera were recorded; out of them, 78, 17, 5 and one species were resident, winter migrant, summer migrant and passage migrant, respectively. Species richness of order Passeriformes was highest, followed by Pelecaniformes and Muscicapidae, the most diverse family in the study area. Analysis of food and feeding guilds revealed that the insectivorous guild is predominant, followed by Omnivore, Carnivore, Granivore, Frugivore and Nectarivore. Out of the total observed species, 23 have declining population trends at global level, whereas three species (Alexandrine Parakeet, Asian Woollyneck, Black-headed ibis) are listed as Near Threatened and Common Pochard is vulnerable as per IUCN Red List. The species richness was significantly higher in farmland, followed by main campus and experimental orchards. Jaccard’s similarity index between habitats revealed that the main campus and farmland area has a maximum (0.73) similarity in bird communities. This emphasises the significance of these study sites as key habitats for bird species of conservation priorities.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Avian diversity, Environment, Habitats, Jaccard’s similarity index, Line transect method, Species richness

Abdar, M. R. (2014). Seasonal diversity of birds and ecosystem services in agricultural area of Western Ghats, Maharashtra state, India. Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology, 8(1), 100-105.
Ali, S. (2002). In: The Book of Indian Birds, 13, Oxford University Press, Mumbai
Altman, J. (1974). Observational study of Behaviour, Sampling Methods, Behaviour, 49, 227- 267.
Chiawo, D. O., Kombe, W. N. & Craig, A. J. (2018). Bird responses to land use change: guild diversity in a Kenyan coastal forest and adjoining habitats. Emu-Austral Ornithology, 118(3), 281-292. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01 584197.2018.1431052
CITES (2012). Checklist of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna & Flora. CITES, Geneva, Switzerland.
Datta, M. (2016). Status, guild and diversity of avian fauna from wetland site and surroundings, in Krishnagar, a city beside tropic of cancer, West Bengal, India. International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies, 3(4), 68-75.
Devi, O. S., Islam, M., Das, J. M. & Saikia, P. K. (2012). Avian-fauna of Gauhati University Campus, Jalukbari, Assam. The Ecoscan, 6(3&4), 165-170.
Gaston, A. J. (1975). Methods for estimating bird populations. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 72, 271-273.
Ghosh, K. (2016). Avian diversity and species richness in Khanyan and adjoining areas of Hooghly District, West Bengal. International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies, 3(3), 119-126.
Gill, F. & Donsker, D. (2019). IOC World Bird List, vol 9.1. DOI:10.14344 /IOC.ML.9.1
Goyal, V., Singh, V., Dalal, P. & Malik, V. (2014). Diversity of migratory birds in Ottu lake, Sirsa, Haryana, India. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 17(2), 507–512.
Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. & Inskipp, T. (2016). Birds of the Indian Subcontinent: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and the Maldives. Bloomsbury Publishing.
Gupta, N. & Singh, N. (2014). The abundance of avifauna in an agricultural landscape: a benefit of community conservation initiatives in Haryana, India. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 7 (4), 537-541.
Halder, J. & Seni, A. (2021). Biological management of major vegetable insect pests with macro and microorganisms. In: Microbes for Sustainable Insect Pest Management; Sustainability in Plant and Crop Protection (pp 233-252). Volume-17, Published by Springer Nature, Switzerland. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-67231-710.
Hossain, A. & Aditya, G. (2016). Avian diversity in agricultural landscape: records from Burdwan, West Bengal, India. Proceedings of Zoological Society, 69(1), 38-51. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12595-014-0118-3
Ihuma, J. O., Tella, I. O., Madakan, S. P. & Akpan, M. (2016). Frugivorous bird species diversity in relation to the diversity of fruit tree species in reserved and designated green areas in the federal capital territory, Nigeria. Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment, 8(1), 80-94.
IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded from http://www.iucnre dlist.org.
Kumar, P. & Sahu, S. (2019). Avian Diversity in Agricultural Landscapes of District Panipat, Haryana, India.  Asian Journal of Conservation Biology, 8(2), 188-198.
Kumar, P. & Sahu, S. (2020). Composition, diversity and foraging guilds of avifauna in agricultural landscapes in Panipat, Haryana, India.  Journal of Threatened Taxa, 12(1), 15140-15153. DOI: 10.11609/jott.5267.12.1.15140-15153
La Torre-Cuadros, M. A., Herrando-Perez, S. & Young, K. R. (2007). Diversity and structure patterns for tropical montane and premontane forests of central Peru, with an assessment of the use of higher-taxon surrogacy. Biodiversity and Conservation,16, 2965-2988. DOI: 10.1007/s10531-007-9155-9
MacKinnon, J. & Phillipps, K. (1993). A field guide to the birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford. Oxford University press.
Manakadan, R. & Pittie, A. (2001). Standardised common and scientific names of the birds of the Indian subcontinent. Buceros, 6(1), 1-37.
Michel, N. L., Whelan, C. J. & Verutes, G. M. (2020). Ecosystem services provided by Neotropical birds. The Condor, 122(3), duaa022. DOI: 10.1093/condor/duaa022
Narayana, B. L., Rao, V. V. & Pandiyan, J. (2015). Avifaunal diversity in different croplands of Nalgonda district, Telangana, Southern India. International Journal of Current Research, 7(7), 17677-17682.
Narayana, B. L., Rao, V. V. & Venkateshwara, R. V. (2019). Composition of birds in Agricultural Landscapes of Peddagattu and Sherpally area: A proposed Uranium Mining Sites in Nalgonda, Telangana, India, Proceedings of Zoological Society, 72, 380-400. DO1: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12595-018-0280-0
Platt, S. G., Win, M. M., Lin, N., Aung, S. H. N., John, A. & Rainwater, T. (2021). Avian species richness in traditional rice ecosystems: a case study from upper Myanmar. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 13(7), 18719-18737. DOI: 10.11609/jott.6992.13.7.18719-18737
Praveen, J., Jayapal, R. & Pittie, A. (2016). A checklist of the Birds of India. Indian Birds, 11(5&6), 113-172.
Rabou Abd, A. F. N. (2019). Bird fauna encountered at the main campus of the Islamic University of Gaza, Gaza City, Palestine.  Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 20(2), 604-614. DOI: https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d20 0242
Rajashekara, S. & Venkatesha, M. G. (2017). Seasonal incidence and diversity pattern of avian communities in the Bangalore University Campus, India. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, 178-193. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12595-016-0175-x
Sailo, L., Solanki, G. S. & Lalhruaizela, C. (2019). Avian diversity in Mizoram University Campus, Aizawl, Mizoram. Science and Technology Journal, 7(1), 54-68.
Sales, J. B. & Berkmuller, K. (1988). Manual of wildlife techniques for India. Field document No.11. FAO, United Nations, Dehradun, India, pp. 243.
Shekhawat, D. S. & Bhatnagar, C. (2014). Guild, status and diversity of avian fauna in the Jhunjhunu district, Rajasthan, India. Journal of Asia-Pacific biodiversity, 7(3), 262-267. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japb.2014.06.001
Singh, K., Maheshwari, A. & Dwivedi, S. V. (2018). Studies on avian diversity of Banda university of agriculture and technology campus, Banda, Uttar Pradesh, India. International Journal of Avian & Wildlife Biology, 3(2), 177-180.
Solecki, W. D. & Rosenzweig, C. (2004). Biodiversity, biosphere reserves, and the big apple: A study of the New York Metropolitan Region, New York. Annual Academy Science, 1023, 105–124. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1319.004
Surasinghe, T. D. & De Alwis, C. (2010). Birds of Sabaragamuwa University Campus, Buttala, Sri Lanka. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 2, 876–888.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Kiran, Singh, D., Kour, A., Dahiya, P., Delu, V., & kumar, R. (2022). Community composition and status of avian diversity at Campus and Agricultural landscapes of Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (Haryana) . Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 14(4), 1130–1140. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v14i4.3784
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles