##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

D. R. Khanna N. S. Nigam R. Bhutiani

Abstract

An ambient air quality study was undertaken in Bareilly city, U.P., India during the year 2010 and 2011. The seasonal air quality data was obtained from ten monitoring sites across the city considering sampling site of Cantt as control site. The maximum (713.06±55.64 µg/m3) suspended particulate matter (SPM), sulphur dioxide (SO2) (80.08±4.77 µg/m3) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) (64.98±3.53 µg/m3) level was found at Choupla during the winter 2011. Among the annual mean values of air pollutants were analyzed, SPM level was found to be above the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) (200 µg/m3) at all the polluted sites. SO2 and NOx levels were below the threshold limits (80 µg/m3) as per NAAQS. The ambient air quality was correlated with the traffic density in the city. The pollution level was observed to be positively correlated with traffic density which is the major source of air pollution in the city. The ambient air quality at different monitoring sites was categorized into different pollution level on the basis of Oak ridge air quality index (ORAQI). Light to moderate air pollution conditions were present at different sites. Sampling site of Choupla (SVII) observe maximum ORAQI of 64.48 and 70.81 and falls under category of moderate pollution.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Air quality, NOx, Oak ridge air quality Index, SO2, SPM, Traffic density

References
Census, (2011). Primary census abstract. Retrieved October 22, 2013 from http://www.censusindia.gov.in/towns/ town.aspx
Gadgil, A.S. and Jadhav, R.S. (2004). Street-level concentrations of suspended particulate matter (SPM), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulphur dioxide (SO2) in Pune city. Jr. Environ. Sci. & Engg., 46(2): 143-150.
Ghose, M.K., Paul, R. and Banerjee, S.K. (2004). Assessment of the impacts of vehicular pollution on urban air quality. Jr. Environ. Sci. & Engg., 46(1): 33-40.
Jacob, M. B. and Hochheiser (1958). Continuous sampling and ultramicro determination of nitrogen dioxide in air. Anal. Chem., 30(3): 426-428.
Jain, M. K. and Saxena, N.C. (2002). Air quality assessment along Dhanbad- Jharia road. Environ. Monit. & Assess., 79: 239-250.
Kandilkar, M. and Ramachandran, G. (2000). The causes and consequences of particulate air pollution in urban India: A synthesis. Annual Review of Energy & Environment, 25: 629- 684.
Lam, G.C.K., Leung, D.Y.C., Niewiadomski, M., Pang, S.W., Lee, A.W.F. and Louie, P.K.K. (1998). Street level concentration of nitrogen dioxide and suspended particulate matter in HongKong. Atm. Env., 33: 1-11.
Monn, C.H., Braendli, O., Schaeppi, G., Schindler, C.H., Ackermann, U., Leuenberger, P.H. and Sapaldia, T. (1995). Particulate matter <10μm in urban, rural and Alpine air in Switzerland. Atm. Env., 29: 2565- 2573.
Mudgal, R., Sharma, B., Upadhyay, R. and Taneja, A. (2000). Seasonal variation of ambient air quality at selected sites in Agra city. Indian Jr. Radio & Space Physics, 29(6): 127-133.
Prendez, M.M., Egido, M., Tomas, C., Seco, J., Calvo, A. and Romero, H. (1995). Correlation between solar radiation and total suspended matter in Santiage, Chile. Atm. Env., 29: 1543- 1551.
Reddy, M. K., Ramarao, K. G. and Rao, I. R. (2004). Air quality status of Visakhapatnam (India) - Indices Basis. Environ. Monit. & Assess., 95:1- 12.
Samanta, G., Chattopadhyay, G., Mandal, B.K., Roy Chowdhury, T., Chowdhury, P.P., Chanda, C.R., Banerjee, P., Lodh, D., Das, D. and Chakborti, D. (1998). Air pollution in Calcutta during winter- A three year study. Current Sci., 75 (2): 123- 138.
Saxena, M. M. (1990). In: Environmental analysis: Water, soil and air. Agro-Botanical Publisher, Bikaner, India.
Smith, K. R., Corvalan, C. F. and Kjellstrom, T. (1999). How much global ill health is attributable to environmental factors? Epidemiology, 10(5): 573-584.
Trivedi, S.; Agarwal, M. and Rajput, M. (2003). Trends in sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide concentrations in and around Varanasi over the period 1989-2001. Indian Jr. Air Polln. Cont., 3(2): 54-62
West, P. D.and Gaeke, G. C. (1956). Fixation of sulphur dioxide as sulfitomercurate (II) and subsequent colorimetric estimation. Anal. Chem., 28: 1816- 1819.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Khanna, D. R., Nigam, N. S., & Bhutiani, R. (2013). Monitoring of ambient air quality in relation to traffic density in Bareilly City (U.P.), India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 5(2), 497-502. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v5i2.359
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles