M. Kabilan R. Balakumbahan K. Nageswari S. Santha


Germination in chilli seeds is poor and the duration taken for the germination is long. In order to overcome their problems in germination, the seeds were to be subjected to seed treatments, So that the germination would be effective. The experiment was conducted at the Department of Vegetable Science HC & RI, Tami Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU), Periyakulam to study the effect of seed treatment views on the seedling character of mundu chilli. The experiment was laid in FCRD design with three replications. In this study, four F2 crosses viz., PKM CA 20 X PKM CA 08 (C1), PKM CA 32 X PKM CA 33 (C2), PKM CA 32 X PKM CA 20 (C3), PKM CA 38 X PKM CA 33 (C4) and seven treatments namely, Control (T0), Seed treatment with KNO3 0.5% (T1), Seed treatment GA3 50 ppm (T2), Seed treatment with NAA 100 ppm (T3), Hot water seed treatment at 60° C for 15 minutes (T4), Seed treatment with cow urine (T5), Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride (T6). Among all F2 crosses, PKM CA 38 X PKM CA 33 (C4) was most responsive to seed treatments in terms of the percent of seed germination and vigor index, followed by progeny PKM CA 32 X PKM CA 33 (C2) for root length and PKM CA 32 X PKM CA 20 (C3) for shoot length. The statistical analysis of the data showed the superiority of all the seed treatments over the control. The GA₃ treatment resulted in the maximum percentage of seed germination, root length, shoot length and vigor index followed by KNO3.    GA3 breaks the dormancy in the seeds and induces seed germination rapidly. Thus GA3 finds its way as the seed treatment agent in chilli.



Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Germination, Mundu chilli, Seed treatment, Seed vigor index

Andreoli, C. & Khan, A. (1999). Matric conditioning integrated with gibberellic acid to hasten seed germination and improve stand establishment of pepper and tomato. Pesq Agropec Bras Brasilia, 34, 1953-1958.
Bassi, G., Kanwar, J. S. & Singh, J. (2007). Seed enhancement treatments and seed quality in brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). Veg. Sc.i, 34, 202-206.
Demir, I. & Okeu, G. (2004). Aerated hydration treatment for improved germination and seedling growth in aubergine (Solanum melongena L.) and pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Annals of Applied Biology, 144, 121–123.
Farooq, M., Basra, S. M. A., Rehman, H., Ahmad, N. & Saleem, B. A. (2007). Osmopriming improves the germination and early seedling growth of melons (Cucumis Melo L.). Pak. J. Agri. Sci., 44, 529-533.
Islam, M. S., Abdul, M. B. M., Hossain, T., Ahmed, J. U. & Khan, H. I. (2012). Priming on embryo emergence and seedling vigour of small fruited bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) under suboptimal temperature. Int. J. Agric Sc.i Res., 2, 1-10.
Javed, T. & Afzal, I. (2020). Impact of seed pelleting on germination potential, seedling growth and storage of tomato seed. Acta Hortic., 417–424.
Jyothi, B., Gaurav, S. S., & Pant, U. (2016). Use of growth regulators as priming agent for improvement of seed vigour in tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(1), 84–87. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i1.752
Kumar, S. (2005). Influence of presowing seed treatment and seed pelleting on storability in brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). M.Sc. thesis, University Agricultural Science, Dharwad.
Natesh, N., Vyakaranahal, B. S., Gouda, M. S. & Deshpande, V. K. (2005). Influence of growth regulators on growth, seed yield and quality of chilli cv. ByadagiKaddi. Karnataka J Agric Sci, 18, 36-38.
National Horticulture Board. (2020). Online statistical database. National Horticultural Board, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India.
Oliveira, C. E. D. S., Steiner, F., Zuffo, A. M., Zoz, T., Alves, C. Z., & De Aguiar, V. C. B. (2019). Seed priming improves the germination and growth rate of melon seedlings under saline stress. Ciencia Rural, 49(7), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20180588
Panse, V. G. & Sukatme, P. V. (1985). Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers. ICAR Publications, New Delhi, India. 359 pp.
Peyvast, G. H., Olfati, J. A., Piri, M. & Mahdieh, M. B. (2009). Germination and seedling development of cucumber are enhanced by priming at low temperature. Int. J. Veg. Sci., 15, 285-292.
Reddy, Y. T. N. & Khan, M. M. (2001). Effect of osmo priming on germination, seedling growth and vigour of khirni (Mimusops hexandra) seeds. Seed Res., 29, 24-27.
Ruminska, A., Suchorska, K. & Weglarz, Z. (1978). Effect of gibberelic acid on seed germination of some vegetable and medicinal plants. Acta Hort., 73, 131-136.
Sharma A.D., Rathore V.S., Srinivasan K., Tyagi R. K. (2014). Comparison of various seed priming methods for seed germination, seedling vigour and fruit yield in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench). Scientia Horticulturae, 165:75-81.
Singh, D. K. & Lal, G. (2005). Effect of cultivars and harvesting stages on yield and quality of tomato seed. Prog Hort, 37, 199-203.
Singh, G., Gill, S. S. & Sandhu, K. K. (1999). Improved performance of muskmelon (Cucumis melo) seeds with osmocondition in Acta Agrobotanica, 52, 121-126.
Vaktabhai, C.K. & Kumar, S. (2017). Seedling in vigouration by halo priming in tomato against salt stress. J. Pharmacol. Phytochem., 6, 716–722.
Valeria, C. H., Esperon, R. K., Guimarae, R. M., Vieira, A. R. & Goncalves, N.R. (2012). Physiological quality of osmoprimed eggplant seeds. Agric Sc.i, 36, 526-532.
Yogananda, D. K., Vyakarnahal, B. S. & Shekhargouda, M. (2004). Effect of seed invigoration with growth regulations and micronutrients on germination and seedling vigour of bell pepper cv. California Wonder. Karnataka J Agric Sc.i, 17, 811-813.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Kabilan, M., Balakumbahan, R., Nageswari, K., & Santha, S. (2022). Effect of seed treatments on seed germination and seedling parameters in the F2 generation of mundu chilli (Capsicum annum L.). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 14(SI), 53–57. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v14iSI.3565
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles