##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Aarti Malyan Geeta Mongia Shani Kumar

Abstract

In recent times, the use of energy resources, particularly non-renewable resources, have increased manifolds due to the ever-increasing global demands. This has led to an increase in depletion of the resources and environmental pollution. Microbial Fuel Cells (MFC) are a new concept that has proved to be the solution to the problem as a green energy resource. The paper focuses on generating electricity from wastewater prepared from kitchen wet waste kept for about 168 hours in an attempt to address the energy crisis while also treating it. A comparative analysis of the sample as prepared and with acetate has been studied and power generation, coulombic efficiency and change in chemical oxygen demand (COD) for wastewater were calculated and also the catalytic effect of acetate was analyzed. It was  observed that there was a substantial increase in coulombic efficiency and COD content .   A coulombic Efficiency  efficiency of 25.29% was obtained for the sample with acetate, whereas, without acetate it was calculated as 9.71%. The maximum power density was obtained from the polarization curves. It was observed that the maximum power density of pure kitchen wastewater was found to be 0.017 mW/m2; however, for kitchen wastewater with acetate, the power density increased considerably to 0.546 mW/m2 at an external resistance of 1Kῼ. Further, the maximum current densities observed were 2.239 mA/m2 and 8.771 mA/m2, respectively. The internal resistance of the constructed prototypes was also determined using the maximum power transfer theorem. In this study, a prototype was constructed and it was found that kitchen waste can be used as a source of electricity generation and leads to a green energy initiative.     

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Bio-electricity generation, Coulombic efficiency, Internal resistance of MFC, Microbial fuel cell, Power density

References
Adeniran, J. A., Huberts, R., De-Koker, J. J., Arotiba, O. A., Olorundare, O. F., Van-Zyl, E. & Du-Plessis, S. C. (2016). Energy generation from domestic wastewater using sandwich dual-chamber microbial fuel cell with mesh current collector cathode. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 13(9), 2209–2218. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-016-1050-z
Ali, N., Anam, M., Yousaf, S., Maleeha, S., & Bangash, Z. (2017). Characterization of the electric current generation potential of the pseudomonas aeruginosa using glucose, fructose, and sucrose in double chamber microbial fuel cell. Iranian Journal of Biotechnology, 15(4), 216–223. https://doi.org/10.15171/ijb.1608
Cai, T., Meng, L., Chen, G., Xi, Y., Jiang, N., Song, J., Zheng, S., Liu, Y., Zhen, G., & Huang, M. (2020). Application of advanced anodes in microbial fuel cells for power generation: a review. Chemosphere, 248, 125985. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.125985
Chandrasekhar, K., Kadier, A., Kumar, G., Nastro, R. A. & Jeevitha, V. (2017). Challenges in microbial fuel cell and future scope In: Das, D. (eds) Microbial Fuel Cell. Springer, Cham., 483 - 499. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-66793-5_25
Chaturvedi, V. & Verma, P. (2016). Microbial fuel cell: a green approach for the utilization of waste for the generation of bioelectricity. Bioresources and Bioprocessing, 3(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40643-016-0116-6
Chen, W., Liu, Z., Li, Y., Xing, X., Liao, Q., & Zhu, X. (2021). Improved electricity generation, coulombic efficiency and microbial community structure of microbial fuel cells using sodium citrate as an effective additive. Journal of Power Sources, 482, 228947. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2020.228947
Das, S., & Mangwani, N. (2010). Recent developments in microbial fuel cells: A review. Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, 69, 727-731.
Du, Z., Li, H., & Gu, T. (2007). A state of the art review on microbial fuel cells: A promising technology for wastewater treatment and bioenergy. Biotechnology Advances, 25(5), 464-482. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2007.05.004
Feng, C., Li, F., Liu, H., Lang, X., & Fan, S. (2010). A dual-chamber microbial fuel cell with conductive film-modified anode and cathode and its application for the neutral electro-Fenton process. Electrochimica Acta, 55(6), 2048–2054. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ELECTACTA.2009.11.033
Gil, G. C., Chang, I. S., Kim, B. H., Kim, M., Jang, J. K., Park, H. S., & Kim, H. J. (2003). Operational parameters affecting the performance of a mediator-less microbial fuel cell. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 18(4), 327–334. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0956-5663(02)00110-0
Hassan, S. H. A., el Nasser A. Zohri, A., & Kassim, R. M. F. (2019). Electricity generation from sugarcane molasses using microbial fuel cell technologies. Energy, 178, 538–543. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2019.04.087
Khera, J., & Chandra, A. (2012). Microbial fuel cells: Recent trends. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section A - Physical Sciences, 82(1), 31–41. https://doi.org/10.1007/S40010-012-0003-2
Kondaveeti, S., Moon, J. M., & Min, B. (2017). Optimum spacing between electrodes in an air-cathode single chamber microbial fuel cell with a low-cost polypropylene separator. Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, 40(12), 1851–1858. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00449-017-183 8-3
Konovalova, E. Y., Stom, D. I., Zhdanova, G. O., Yuriev, D. A., Li, Y., Barbora, L. & Goswami, P. (2018). The microorganisms used for working in microbial fuel cells. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1952(1), 020017. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5031979
Li, J. (2013). An Experimental study of microbial fuel cells for electricity generating: Performance characterization and capacity improvement. Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems, 03(03), 171–178. https://doi.org/10.4236/jsbs.2013.33024
Li, X., Liu, G., Sun, S., Ma, F., Zhou, S., Lee, J. K., & Yao, H. (2018). Power generation in dual chamber microbial fuel cells using dynamic membranes as separators. Energy Conversion and Management, 165, 488–494. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENCONMAN.2018.03.074
Logan, B. E. (2009). Exoelectrogenic bacteria that power microbial fuel cells. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 7(5), 375–381. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro2113
Logan, B. E., Hamelers, B., Rozendal, R., Schröder, U., Keller, J., Freguia, S., Aelterman, P., Verstraete, W. & Rabaey, K. (2006). Microbial fuel cells: Methodology and technology. Environmental Science and Technology, 40(17), 5181–5192. https://doi.org/10.1021/es0605016
Marassi, R. J., Queiroz, L. G., Silva, D. C. V. R., Silva, F. T. da, Silva, G. C. & Paiva, T. C. B. d. (2020). Performance and toxicity assessment of an up-flow tubular microbial fuel cell during long-term operation with high-strength dairy wastewater. Journal of Cleaner Production, 259, 120882. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.20 20.1208 82
Miran, W., Nawaz, M., Kadam, A., Shin, S. & Heo, J. (2015). Microbial community structure in a dual chamber microbial fuel cell fed with brewery waste for azo dye degradation and electricity generation. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22, 13477–13485. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-4582-8
Pant, D., Singh, A., Van Bogaert, G., Irving Olsen, S., Singh Nigam, P., Diels, L. & Vanbroekhoven, K. (2012). Bioelectrochemical systems (BES) for sustainable energy production and product recovery from organic wastes and industrial wastewaters. RSC Advances, 2(4), 1248-1263. https://doi.org/10.1039/c1ra00839k
Penteado, E. D., Fernandez-Marchante, C. M., Zaiat, M., Cañizares, P., Gonzalez, E. R. & Rodrigo, M. A. R. (2016). Energy recovery from winery wastewater using a dual chamber microbial fuel cell. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 91(6), 1802–1808. https://doi.org/10.1002/JCTB.4771
Potter, M. C. (1911). Electrical effects accompanying the decomposition of organic compounds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Containing Papers of a Biological Character, 84(571), 260–276. https://doi.org/10.1098/RSPB.1911.0073
Rikame, S. S., Mungray, A. A. & Mungray, A. K. (2012). Electricity generation from acidogenic food waste leachate using dual chamber mediator less microbial fuel cell. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, 75, 131–137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibiod.2012.09.006
Ye, Y., Ngo, H. H., Guo, W., Chang, S. W., Nguyen, D. D., Liu, Y., Nghiem, L. D., Zhang, X., & Wang, J. (2019). Effect of organic loading rate on the recovery of nutrients and energy in a dual-chamber microbial fuel cell. Bioresource Technology, 281, 367–373. https://doi.org/10.10 16/J.BIORTECH.2019.02.108
You, S. J., Zhao, Q. L., Jiang, J. Q., Zhang, J. N. & Zhao, S. Q. (2006). Sustainable approach for leachate treatment: Electricity generation in microbial fuel cell. Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering, 41(12), 2721–2734. https://doi.org/10.1080/10934520 600966284
Citation Format
How to Cite
Malyan, A., Mongia, G., & Kumar, S. (2022). Catalytic effect of acetate (C2H3O2) on coulombic efficiency and bio-electricity generation from wastewater sample prepared from domestic kitchen waste using dual chamber microbial fuel cell technology. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 14(2), 652–659. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v14i2.3459
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles