Rajneesh Dwevedi Renuka Gupta Janmejay Sethy


The climate trend is one of the most dominant factors likely to affect the structure and function of the wetlands of Keoladeo and Bhitarkanika. This study compares the climate conditions and trends of two Ramsar sites in India, the Bhitarkanika and Keoladeo wetlands. Forty-year climate data (1980-2020) were used to identify and measure the strength of possible climate change in these habitats. Mann-Kendall’s test, Sen’s slope estimates and Sequential Mann-Kendall’s (SQMK) test were used to study the long-term and short-term trends of rainfall and climate of Bhitarkanika and Keoladeo. The results of this study matched those of earlier studies conducted at a larger geographical scale. The study indicated significant changes in the parameters of rainfall and temperature trends. A significant increase in annual rainfall (Sen’s slope = 5.24E+00, New p value = 2.75E-02) was observed at Bhitarkanika, while the trend at Keoladeo was positive but insignificant. Both ecosystems are getting warmer. Seasonal changes were also identified in the rainfall and temperature. The summer temperature rise was comparatively stronger at Keoladeo (Tmax: Sen’s slope=2.33E-02, New p value=2.45E-02; Tmin: Sen’s slope=2.68E-02, New p value=1.39E-02). An increase in monsoon temperature was also recorded in both ecosystems. Both wetland ecosystems are vulnerable to climate change, but the Keoladeo wetland is at higher risk because stronger temperature changes have occurred in the past four decades. The SQMK test also suggests a more erratic climate in the Keoladeo wetlands. The study highlights the comparative changes occurring in both ecosystems. This is the first study identifying both long-term and short-term changes in these wetlands at a smaller geographical scale.


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Long-term and short-term climate trend, Wetland, Keoladeo, Bhitarkanika, SQMK test

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Dwevedi, R., Gupta, R., & Sethy, J. (2022). A comparative study of regional climate trends in the Keoladeo and Bhitarkanika wetlands, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 14(2), 332–340. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v14i2.3381
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