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K. Sreeja Vamsi S. Rama Moorthy N. Mary Hemiliamma Y. Raja Rathna Reddy B. Rama Chandra Reddy J. Deepak S. Sravani

Abstract

The problem of antibiotic resistance has garnered too much attention over the last few decades for posing a global hazard to the clinical handling and the inhibition of several deadly infections caused by bacteria. It burdens the world not only clinically but also economically... Antibiotic agents known as carbapenems are a very effective and  typically designated for the treatment of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacterial infections. To identify a suitable antibiotic combination to be used in vivo, one must be able to determine the synergism between the antibiotics in vitro. Several methods, such as the checkerboard method, multiple-combination bactericidal test, time-kill and E-test, have been used for this purpose. However, the lack of proper standardization procedures, types of bacterial agents, bacterial load, stage of infection and other factors make it very difficult to reproduce or correlate the results with other methods.Carbapenem-destroying lactases, which have recently emerged as mechanisms of resistance, are increasing in number and decreasing the treatment alternatives available. These infections are treated with colistin and tigecycline, but monotherapy may result in clinical breakdown because of a variety of factors. To control these infections, clinicians often choose combinations of drugs over monotherapy. There is an extreme lack of information on synergistic antibiotic combinations accounting for the diverse mechanisms of GNB resistance commonly encountered. The incidence of carbapenem-resistant GNB in Indian articles is also unknown. Therefore, we anticipate that this study may provide methodology for the selection of an appropriate antibiotic combination.

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Keywords

Antibiotic, Carbapenem, Carbapenemase, Checkerboard assay, Synergy, Time kill assay

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Vamsi, K. S. ., Moorthy, S. R. ., Hemiliamma, N. M. ., Reddy, Y. R. R. ., Reddy, B. R. C. ., Deepak, J. ., & Sravani, S. . (2022). A review of antibiotic synergy in carbapenemase-producing bacteria. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 14(1), 148–162. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v14i1.3248
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