The present study has been focused on the impact of tannery effluent on germination pattern of ten varieties of wheat (Triticum aestivum).The physico-chemical analysis of the tannery effluents showed that it had high salinity (45.97 ppt) and an acidic pH (3.61). For screening test, a setup with various concentrations of tannery effluent (4.5%, 9%, 13.5%and 18%) was prepared in petri plates to check the impact of tannery effluent on various varieties of wheat. Among ten varieties, PBW-343 and HS-365 showed better performance at 4.5% tannery effluent
and considered to be more tolerant, whereas HS -295 was the most sensitive to tannery effluent treatment.
Chromium, Germination, Screening, Tannery effluent, Toxicity
Augusthy, P.O. and Mani, A.S. (2001).Effect of rubber factory effluent on seed germination and seedling growth of Vigna radiatus L. Journal of Environmental Biology, 22: 137-139.
Babyshakila, P. and Usha, K. (2009).Effect of diluted effluent in soil properties and plant growth. Advanced Studies in Biology, 1: 391-398.
Czabator, F.J. (1962). Germination value, an index combining speed and completeness of pine seed germination. Forest Science, 8: 386-396.
Gautam, D.D., Kumar, K. and Bishnoi, S. (1992). Effect of dairy effluent on seed germination of some Rabi and Kharif crop plants. Journal of Environmental Biology,13: 7-12.
Greenberg, A.E., Connors, J. J., Jenkins, D. and Franson, M.A. (1995). Standard methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water, 15th ed., American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.
Karunyal, S., Renuga, G. and Paliwal, K. (1994).Effects of tannery effluent on seed germination, leaf area, biomass and mineral content of some plants. Bioresource Technology, 47: 215-218.
Kumar, V. and Chopra, A.K. (2012). Fertigation effect of distillery effluent on agronomical practices of Trigonellafoenum-graceumL. Fenugreek.Environmental Monitoring and Assessment,184: 1207-1219.
Malaviya, P. and Sharma, A. (2011). Impact of distillery effluent on germination behavior of Brassica napus L. Journal of Environmental Biology, 32: 91-94.
Malaviya, P., Hali, R. and Sharma, N. (2012). Impact of dyeing industry effluent on germination and growth of pea (Pisum sativum).Journal of Environmental Biology, 33: 1075-1078.
Peralta, J.R., Torresdey, J.L.G., Tiemann, K. J., Gomez, E., Arteaga, S. and Rascen, E. (2001). Uptake and effects of five heavy metals on seed germination and plant growth in alfaalfa (Medicago sativa) L. Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 66: 727-734.
Ramesh, Y. and Ramanujam, M.P. (1991). Effect of drainage effluents on seedling growth of groundnut.Advances in Plant Science, 4: 425-429.
Reddy, P.G. and Borse, R.D. (2001). Effect of pulp and paper mill effluent on seed germination and seedling growth of Trigonella foenum-gramecum L. (Methi). Journal of Industrial Pollution Control, 17: 165-169.
Srivastava, N. and Sahai, R. (1987). Effects of distillery waste on the performance of Cicer arietinum L. Environmental Pollution, 43: 91-102.
Sundaramoorthy, P. and Kunjithapatham, J. (2000).Effect of paper mill effluent on seed germination growth of six varieties of groundnut (Arachishypogaea). Journal of Ecotoxicology and Environmental Monitoring, 10: 53-57.
Sundaramoorthy, P. and Lakshmi, S. (2000). Screening of groundnut varieties for tolerance to tannery effluent. Pollution Research, 19: 543-548.
Vijayarengan, P. (2003). Pollution effects of textile mill effluent on growth and development of groundnut seedlings. Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, 2: 451-453.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)