##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Hemant Kumar Sumer Singh Amit Yadav Mahesh Kumar

Abstract

Bagrada hilaris (Burmeister) is a serious pest of Brassica crops in the North-Western region of India, inflicting crop yield losses. Therefore, the present study was conducted on seasonal incidence and management of B. hilaris in Brassica juncea genotype RH 725 at farmer’s field, Kolana village, Aravalli Hills Region, Rewari, Haryana, India during Rabi, 2019-20 and 2020-21. This study laid out the trial in a randomized block design with three replications and six treatments viz., Neem Seed Kernel Extract (NSKE) @ 7%, Nimbecidine @ 0.03%, Neem oil @ 5%, NSKE @ 5%, Neem oil @ 7% and control (unsprayed). Observations on the incidence of B. hilaris showed that it appeared from 5th Standard Meteorological Week (SMW) (0.34 bugs plant-1) and attained peak during 10th SMW with 5.77 bugs plant-1. The incidence of B. hilaris exhibited significant positive correlation with maximum (r=0.852, p<0.05) and minimum (r=0.900, p<0.05) temperature, rainfall (r=0.763, p<0.05) and wind velocity (r=0.959, p<0.05). Spray of Neem oil @ 7% (83.01 %) was the most effective in reducing the B. hilaris population over control followed by NSKE @ 7% (81.48 %), while NSKE @ 5% (68.85 %) confirmed least effective. Seed yield in different treatments varied from 1440.5 kg ha-1 (NSKE @ 5%) to 1590 kg ha-1 (Neem oil @ 7%) against 1216 kg ha-1 in control. The highest incremental cost-benefit ratio was registered with NSKE @ 7% (1: 7.70) followed by Nimbecidine @ 0.03% (1: 7.41) and NSKE @ 5% (1: 6.25). The present investigation signified that the study on the seasonal incidence of B. hilaris in relation to weather parameters could provide information for planning pest control and management strategies. The botanicals could be used as eco-friendly and economical substitutes for chemical insecticides at farmer’s fields against this insect pest.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Bagrada hilaris, Brassica, Insecticides, Management, Seasonal incidence, Weather parameter

References
Anonymous (2008). Proceedings of AICRP Group meeting on rapeseed-mustard, Bhubneswar (Orissa), Aug. 7-9.
Anonymous (2019). Agricultural statistics at a glance. Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi.
Balai, C. M., Meena, R. P., Meena, B. L. & Bairwa, R.K. (2012). Impact of front line demonstration on rapeseed-mustard yield improvement. Journal of Extension Education, 12(2), 113-116.
Bawaskar, D. M., Yadav, S., Singh, S. P. & Nadaf, A. (2017). Efficacy and economics of seed treatment and foliar spray with insecticides against Bagrada hilaris (Burmeister) in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Journal of Oilseed Brassica, 8 (1), 80-88.
Choudhary, M., Sangha, J. K. & Grover, K. (2014). Conventional and non-conventional edible oils: An Indian perspective. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 91(2), 179-206.
Divya, C., Kalasariya, R. L. & Kanara, H. G. (2015). Seasonal incidence of mustard painted bug, Bagrada hilaris (Burmeister) and their correlation with abiotic factors on mustard. Journal of Insect Science, 28 (1), 92-95.
Isman & Murray, B. (2006). Botanical Insecticides, Deterrents, and Repellents in Modern Agriculture and an Increasingly Regulated World. Annual Review of Entomology, 51, 45–66. doi:10.1146/annurev.ento.51.11010 4.151146.
Jat, R. S., Singh, V. V., Sharma, P. & Rai, P. K. (2019). Oilseed Brassica in India: Demand, supply, policy perspective and future potential. OCL, 26, 8. doi:10.1051/ocl/2019005.
Kalasariya, R. L. & Parmar, K. D. (2019). Management of painted bug, Bagrada hilaris (Burmeister) in mustard with different spray schedules. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 7(3), 1157-1163.
Mishra, A. K., Singh, N. & Sharma, V. P. (1995). Use of neem oil as a mosquito repellent in tribal villages of mandla district, madhya pradesh. Indian Journal of Malariology, 32 (3), 99–103.
Panday, I. D., Singh, B., & Sachan, J. N. (1999). Brassica hybrid research in India: status and prospects. Proceedings of the tenth international rapeseed congress. Canberra, Australiam.
Ratnoo, S. D., Pandey, S. & Joshi, N. (2018). Efficacy of insecticides against painted bug Bagrada cruciferarum kirkaldy in mustard. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 6(4), 121-122.
Sharma, D., Yadav, S. P. & Yadav, S. (2017). Biointensive integrated management of Lipaphis erysimi Kalt. (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Brassica spp. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9 (4), 2132 -2136.
Sharma, P. & Singh, Y. P. (2010). Directorate of Rapeseed- Mustard Research, Indian Council of Agriculture Research, Sewar, 321303, Bharatpur (Rajasthan). Annals National Language Journal, 1, 47-51.
Sheoran, O. P., Tonk, D. S., Kaushik, L. S., Hasija, R. C. & Pannu, R. S. (1998). Statistical Software Package for Agricultural Research Workers (pp 139- 143). Recent Advances in information theory, Statistics & Computer Applications by D.S. Hooda and R.C. Hasija Department of Mathematics Statistics, CCS HAU, Hisar.
Singh, H. Y., Gupta, D. S., Yadava, T. P. & Dhawan, K. (1980). Post harvest losses caused by painted bug (Bagrada cruciferarum Kirk.) to mustard. HAU Journal of Research, 10, 407-409.
Singh, P. K. (2001). Control of mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.) (Homoptera: Aphididae) with minimum insecticide use. Journal of Aphidology, 15,139 -142.
Singh, S. P. (2008). Insect pest management in oilseed crops. Indian Farming, 58, 29-33.
Singh, S., Kumar, S., Singh, J., Dohare, A. P. S., Kumar, P. & Lal, M. N. (2018). Population Dynamics of Painted Bug (Bagrada hilaris), in Different Varieties of Brassica Oil Seed Crops. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7, 3682-3685.
Vishvendra & Sachan, S. K. (2020). Evaluate the efficacy of some novel insecticides against Bagrada hilaris, (Burm) in Brassica sp. under natural condition in west UP, India. International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies, 7(5), 15-16.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Kumar, H. ., Singh, S. ., Yadav, A. ., & Kumar, M. . (2021). Seasonal incidence and efficacy of botanical insecticides against Painted bug, Bagrada hilaris (Burmeister) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea genotype RH 725). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 13(4), 1518–1523. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v13i4.3182
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles