In present investigation of anionic (fluoride, chloride, bromide, phosphate and sulphate) change in surface and ground water due to industrial effluents by ion chromatography technique has been determined in area of Jammu using Ion-chromatograph (IC-850).Surface and ground water samples were taken before and after discharge of industrial effluents. All required standards for calibration and all the samples (water as well as industrial effluents) have been prepared by using ultra pure water obtained from M Millipore. Both the peak height (PH) and peak area (PA) were used to assess the IC signals. All the peaks for anions were clear with good resolution and there were no interactions between them. The total time for anion analysis was recorded to be about 28 minutes .Anions like fluoride exhibited drastic change in concentration in surface and ground water samples taken after discharge of industrial effluents.
Common anions, Ground water, Industrial effluents, Ion chromatography and Surface water
Chien, L. (1968). Infantile gastroenteritis due to water with high sulphate content. Canadian Medical Association Journal, (99):102–104.
Cocchetto, D.M. and Levy, G. (1981). Absorption of orally administered sodium sulphate in humans. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, (70):331–333.
Cotton, F.A and Wilkinson, G. (1962). Advanced inorganic chemistry. New York, NY, Inter science Publishers: 441– 448.
Delisle, C.E. and Schmidt, J.W. (1977). The effects of sulphur on water and aquatic life in Canada. In Sulphur and its inorganic derivatives in the Canadian environment. Ottawa, Ontario, National Research Council of Canada (NRCC No.15015)
DHEW (1962). Department of Health Education and Welfare, drinking water standards 1962.Washington, DC, US Public Health Service; US Government Printing Office (Publication No. 956).
Fingl, E. (1980). Laxatives and cathartics in Pharmacological basis of therapeutics. New York, NY, MacMillan Publishing Ltd.
Greenwood, N.and Earnshaw, A. (1984). Chemistry of the elements. Oxford, Pergamon Press.
Ijeoma, K. and Achi, O.K. (2011). Industrial effluent and their impact on water quality of receiving rivers in Nigeria. Journal of Applied Technology in Environmental Sanitation, 1 (1):75-86.
ISO. (1992) International Organization for Standardization Indian standard specification for drinking water, 1050
Janssen, P., Janus, J.A. and Knaap. (1988). Integrated criteria document fluorides effects Bilthoven, National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection (Appendix to Report No. 75847005).
Khattak, M. I. (2011) Study of common inorganic anions in water samples of Quetta city by Technique of Ion Chromatography. Sci.Int (Lahore), 23(2):135-141.
Leeuwen, V. and Sangster, B. (1988) the toxicology of bromide ion. CRC Critical Reviews in Toxicology, 18(3):189–215.
Morri, M.E. and Levy, G. (1983) Absorption of sulphate from orally administered magnesium sulphate in man. Journal of Toxicology Clinical Toxicology, 20:107–114.
WHO (2010). World health organization guidelines for drinking water quality.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)