Nitrogen and boron are necessary for the metabolic activities of rice for its growth. With this perspective, a field experiment was conducted in farmer’s field during 2020 at Kuttalam, Mayladuthurai district, Tamilnadu in sandy clay loam(Padugai Series – TypicUstifluvents) to predict the response of rice (Oryza sativa) to different levels of nitrogen(N) and boron (B) application. The treatments consisted of Factor A- Nitrogen levels, 0, 75, 150, 225 kg ha-1 and Factor B- Boron levels 0, 1.5, 3.0 kg ha-1. Fifteen treatments were conducted in a Factorial randomised block (FRBD) design with three replications. The test crop was rice with a variety ADT 46. Concerning nitrogen alone, the highest grain (5344 kg ha-1) and straw yield was recorded in N3(225 kg ha-1). Among the boron levels tested, the highest grain (4695 kg ha-1) and straw yield (6509 kg ha-1) was registered in B1 (1.5 kg ha-1) in rice. The highest total nutrient uptake viz., N(88.2 kg ha-1), P(30.5 kg ha-1), K(105.0 kg ha-1) and B(172mg kg-1) were recorded in N3B1. Among the N alone, the highest total nutrient uptake viz., N(78.1kg ha-1, P(26.3kg ha-1), K (95.8 kg ha-1) and B(156.6 mg kg-1) in N3. Concerning B alone, the highest nutrient uptake viz., N(60.5, kg ha-1) , P(17.8kg ha-1) K(74.9 kg ha-1) and B(112.1mg kg-1) were registered in B1 over other B levels. The highest grain (5631 kg ha-1) was recorded in N3B1 (225 kg N ha-1 and 1.5kg B ha-1) than other interactions. The study concluded that applying nitrogen and boron is required to achieve the maximum yield of rice in sandy clay loam soil.
Boron, Grain, Nitrogen, Rice, Straw, Uptake, Yield
Abdel-Hady, B.A. (2007). Effect of boron application on growth and nutrient uptake of rice plant irrigated with saline water. Res. J. Appl. Sci. 3(6), 431-436.
Ahamad, W. Niaz A., Kanwal S., Rahmatullah & Rasheed M.K. (2009). Role of B in plant growth: A review. J. Agric. Res. 47(3): 329-338.
Amarendra Acharya, Neeraj Kumar, & RameshGolait. (2020). Hand Book of Statistics on Indian States, Reserve Bank of India.
Agrinfobank (2019). Micronutrients and Macronutrients in Rice Production. https://agrinfobank.com.pk/ micronutrients-and-macronutrients-in-rice-production/.
Ankesh Chanchal, SatishKumar Singh, Abhik Patra & Surendra Singh Jatav. (2020). Direct and residual effect of boron application on yield and nutrientscontent under rice-wheat cropping system. Curr. J.Applied Sci. Tech. 39(2): 12-22.
Bandita Jena & Nayak R.K. (2016). Enhancing nitrogen use efficiency and yield of rice with zinc and boron application in Inceptisolof Odisha. Annals of Plant and Soil Research. 18(1): 79-82.
Behera, M.P., Sahoo J., Mishra G.C., Mishra, G. and Mahapatra, A. (2018). Sulphur, zinc and boron nutrition on yield, economics and nutrient uptake in wet season rice(Oryza sativa L.) under rainfed ecosystem of Odisha India. International Journal of Chemical Studies. 6(4): 3296-3299.
Debnath, P., Pattanaaik, S.K., Sah D., Pandey A.K., DebashishSen, Chandra G. & Ghosh. S.K. (2015). Response of boron and zinc fertilization to productivity of rice in Piedmont soil of Arunachal Pradesh. International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology. 8(4): 907-914.
FAO. (2018). Rice market monitor. http://www.fao.or g/3/19243EN/i9243en.pdf.
Farooq, M., Rashid A., Nadeem F., Stuerz S., Asch F., Bell R.W. & Siddique K. H. M. (2018). Boron nutrition of rice in different production systems. A review. Agron Sustain. Dev. 38, 25.
Gazala Nazir, Upinder Sharma & Pardeep Kumar (2016). Boron – its importance in crop production status in Indian soils and crop responses to its application. International Journal of Advanced Research. 4(5), 654-660.
Jana, P.K., Ghatak, R., Sounde, G., Ghosh, R.K. & Bandyopadhyay P. (2005). Effect of boron on yield content and uptake on NPK by transplanted rice at farmers field on red and laterite soils of west Bengal. J. Inter. Acad. 9, 341- 344.
Jahan, M.S., Sultana, S. & Ali M.Y. (2014). Effect of different n levels on the yield performance of aromatic rice varieties. Bull. Inst. Trop. Agr. 37, 47-56.
Jiban Shrestha, Manoj Kandel, Subash Subedi & KabitaKumari Shah. (2020). Role of nutrients in rice (Oryza sativa L.) : A review. Agrica, 9, 53-62.
Juan Hirzel & Francisco Rudriguez (2013). Increasing nitrogen rates in rice and its effect on plant nutrient composition and nitrogen apparent recovery. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research,73(4), 385-390.
Manzoor, Z., Awan, T.H., Zahid, M.A. & Faiz, F.A. (2006). Response of rice crop to different nitrogen levels. J. Anim. Plant Sci., 16, 52-55.
Muhammad Asif Shahzad & Muhammad Maqsood (2015). Integrated nitrogen and boron fertilization improves the productivity and oil quality of sunflower grown in a calcareous soil. Turk. J. Field Crops. 20(2), 213-222.
Patel, S.K, Singh R.P., Saurabh Shrivastava, A.K. Pandey & Chandel S.K.S. (2018). Effect of foliar application of boron at different stages of crop growth on nutrient utilization and yield of rice(Oryza sativa L.). Indian Journal Science Research, 9(2),1-6.
Ramesh R. & Rani B. (2017). Effect of boron application through soil and foliar methods on the yield attributes and nutrient uptake of wetland rice. Agric. Update,12, 301-304.
Ramulu, C., Reddy, P.R.R. & Narsaiah. (2020). Effect of nitrogen levels on yield and nutrient uptake of kharif rice(Oryza sativa L.) under different establishment methods. Journal of Crop and Weed. 16(2):106-112.
Rana S.S., Sanjay K Sharma & Sapna Kapoor. (2017). Effect of Nitrogen, zinc and boron on nutrient concentration at maximum tillering of wheat. Journal of Scientific and Technical Research, 1(7), 1895-1899.
Rashid A., Yasin M., Asraf M & Mann R.A. (2004). Boron deficiency in calcareous soil reduces rice yield and grain quality. International Rice Research Notes, 29, 58-60.
Rehman, A., Farooq. M., Cheema Z.A. & Wahid A. (2012). Seed priming with boron improves growth and yield of fine grain aromatic rice. Plant growth Regul., DOI: 10.1007/s10725-012-9706-2.
Salam, M.H., Ali F. and Anwar, M.P. & Bhuiya M. S. (2004). Effect of level of N and date of transplanting on the yield and yield attributes of transplanted Aman rice under SRI method. J. Bangladesh Agrl. Univ., 2(1), 31-36.
Shobharani & Latha, A. (2015). Effect of secondary and micronutrients on nutrient uptake and yield of rice in Kolelands. International Journal of Current Research, 7(11), 22123-22126.
Singh, M.V. & Goswami, V. (2014). Boron management in Indian Agriculture. Ind. J. Fert.,10(5), 104-115.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)