S. Roshini D. Jegadeeswari T. Chitdeshwari A. Sankari


Sulphur is the fourth most important plant nutrient after nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, and it is becoming increasingly crucial in high-quality crop production (Bhoyar., 2019). Since limited work has been carried out regarding different sulphur sources on cabbage production in the Coimbatore district, the present study was undertaken to investigate the sulphur sources and levels on various biochemical constituents of cabbage. Hence a  field experiment was conducted in the farmer’s field at Viraliyur village, Thondamuthur block of Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu to assess the effect of sulphur fertilization on improving the biochemical constituents of cabbage hybrid Saint. There were four different S sources (Elemental sulphur, Potassium sulphate, Gypsum, Single super phosphate) applied at five levels (0, 20, 40, 60 and 80 kg ha-1) and replicated thrice in a factorial randomized block design. The crop was fertilized with a  Soil Test Crop Response-prescribed dose of NPK (200:125:25 kg ha-1). The crop was harvested on 90th day and cabbage heads were analysed for various biochemical constituents like ascorbic acid, total soluble solids (TSS), titratable acidity (TA), chlorophyll content, glucosinolates (GLs), total phenol content (TPC), sulphur containing amino acid (methionine) and antioxidant enzyme activity (peroxidase). The influence of S fertilizers on biochemical constituents increased significantly with increasing levels of sulphur fertilization up to 80 kg S ha-1 excluding ascorbic acid content. The pooled data showed that gypsum applied at 80 kg ha-1 registered the maximum GLs (69.0 µmol g-1), TPC (31.9 mM 100g-1), methionine (32.3%), peroxidase activity (0.70 units min-1mg-1), TSS (7.64 0Brix), TA (0.64%), ascorbic acid (61.4 mg 100g-1) and total chlorophyll (1.21 mg g-1) in cabbage head. The lowest content of biochemical constituents viz., GLs (34.1 µmol g-1), TPC (8.10 mM 100g-1), methionine (17.6%) and peroxidase (0.31 units min-1mg-1) were observed in control applied NPK alone. There were positive and significant changes in the biochemical constituents of cabbage due to S application which confirms the improvement in the quality of cabbage head. The study concluded that gypsum was  the better sulphur source for improving the quality of cabbage.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Biochemical constituents, Cabbage, Levels, Sources, Sulphur

Arnon, D.I. (1949). Estimation of chlorophyll. Plant Physiology, v. 24, p-1
Bairwa, R. K., Singh, S.P., Mahawar, A. K. & Das, K. K. (2017). Influence of sulphur and spacing on growth and yield attributes of Knol-Khol (Brassica oleracea Var. Gongylodes L.) Var. early white Viana. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci, 6(5), 2438-2447. https://doi.org/10.20546 /ijcmas.2017.605.273.
Bhat, R., Rashid, Z., DaR, S. B. & Mufti, S. (2017). Seed Yield and Quality Parameters of Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) in relation to Different Sources and Levels of Sulphur. Current Agriculture Research Journal, 5(2), 177.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12944/CARJ.5.2.04
Bimova, P. & Pokluda, R. (2009). Impact of organic fertilizers on total antioxidant capacity in head cabbage. Horticultural Science, 36(1), 21-25.
Bray, H. G. & Thorpe, W. V. (1954). Analysis of phenolic compounds of interest in metabolism. Methods of biochemical analysis, 27-52.
Buchner, P., Takahashi, H. & Hawkesford, M. J. (2004). Plant sulphate transporters: co-ordination of uptake, intracellular and long-distance transport. Journal of experimental Botany, 55(404), 1765-1773. https://doi.or g/10.1093/jxb/erh206.
Martínez-Ballesta del Carmen, M., Moreno, D. A. & Carvajal, M. (2013). The physiological importance of glucosinolates on plant response to abiotic stress in Brassica. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 14(6), 11607-11625. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms140611607.
Evans, D. A., Hirsch, J. B. & Dushenkov, S. (2006). Phenolics, inflammation and nutrigenomics. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture,  86(15), 2503-2509. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2702.
Hunashikatti, M. G., Channal, H. T., Sarangamath, P. A., Manjunathaiah, H. M. & Dharmatti, P. R. (2000). Effect of sulphur and molybdenum on yield and quality of cabbage. Fertiliser News, 45(8), 53-55.
Hunashikatti, M. G., Channal, H. T., Sarangamath, P. A., Manjunathaiah, H. M., & Hebsur, N. S. (2000). Effect of sulphur and molybdenum on the dry matter yield and uptake of S and Mo by cabbage. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 13(4), 840-845.
Jamal, A., Moon, Y. S. & Zainul Abdin, M. (2010). Sulphur-a general overview and interaction with nitrogen. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 4(7), 523-529.
Joseph, B. & Raj, S. J. (2010). Phytopharmacological properties of Ficus racemosa Linn- An overview. Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res, 3(2), 134-138.
Krishnamoorthy, S. K (1989). Sulphur fertilization for yield and quality of crops. In Proc. National seminar on Sulphur in Agriculture, held at UAS, Bangalore. Pp 22 (Vol. 25).
Kusznierewicz, B., Bartoszek, A., Wolska, L., Drzewiecki, J., Gorinstein, S. & Namieśnik, J. (2008). Partial characterization of white cabbages (Brassica oleracea var. capitata f. alba) from different regions by glucosinolates, bioactive compounds, total antioxidant activities and proteins. LWT-Food Science and Technology, 41(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2007.02.007.
LUTZ, I. A. (2008). Métodos físico-químicos para análise de alimentos. São Paulo: ANVISA.
Mawlong, I., Sujith Kumar, M. S., Gurung, B., Singh, K. H. & Singh, D. (2017). A simple spectrophotometric method for estimating total glucosinolates in mustard de-oiled cake. International Journal of Food Properties, 20(12), 3274-3281. https://doi.org/10.1080/10942912 .2017.1286 353.
McCarthy, T. E. & Sullivan, M. X. (1941). A new and highly specific colorimetric test for methionine. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 141(3), 871-876.
Nikiforova, V., Freitag, J., Kempa, S., Adamik, M., Hesse, H. & Hoefgen, R. (2003). Transcriptome analysis of sulfur depletion in Arabidopsis thaliana: interlacing of biosynthetic pathways provides response specificity. The Plant Journal, 33(4), 633-650. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-313 X.2003.01657x.
Niranjana, K. V. & Devi, L. S. (1990). Influence of P and S on yield and quality of chillies. Current Research-University of Agricultural Sciences (Bangalore), 19(6), 93-94.
Pearson. D, (1976). The Chemical Analysis of Foods (7th edn). Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, UK
Prasad, R. & Shivay, Y. S. (2017). Sulphur fertilization and food quality-A review. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 62(1), 1-7.
Rangkadilok, N., Nicolas, M. E., Bennett, R. N., Eagling, D. R., Premier, R. R. & Taylor, P. W. (2004). The effect of sulfur fertilizer on glucoraphanin levels in broccoli (B. oleracea L. var. italica) at different growth stages. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 52(9), 2632-2639. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030655u
Sadasivam, S. and A. Manickam, (1992). Biochemical Methods. New age International Publishers, TNAU, Coimbatore.
Shahbaz, M., Stuiver, C. E. E., Posthumus, F. S., Parmar, S., Hawkesford, M. J. & De Kok, L. J. (2014). Copper toxicity in C hinese cabbage is not influenced by plant sulphur status, but affects sulphur metabolism‐related gene expression and the suggested regulatory metabolites. Plant Biology, 16(1), 68-78. https://doi.org/10.1111/plb.12019
Singh, B. K., Sharma, S. R. & Singh, B. (2010). Antioxidant enzymes in cabbage: variability and inheritance of superoxide dismutase, peroxidase and catalase. Scientia Horticulturae, 124(1),9-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scient a.2009.12.011
Singh, M., Kushwaha, B. K., Singh, S., Kumar, V., Singh, V. P. & Prasad, S. M. (2017). Sulphur alters chromium (VI) toxicity in Solanum melongena seedlings: role of sulphur assimilation and sulphur-containing antioxidants. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 112, 183-192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2016.12.024.
Verma, H. & Nawange, D. D. (2015). Effect of different levels of nitrogen and sulphur on the growth, yield and quality of cabbage [Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.]. Agricultural Science Digest-A Research Journal, 35(2), 152-154. http://dx.doi.org/10.5958/0976-0547.201 5.00028.2
Yen, W. J., Chang, L. W. & Duh, P. D. (2005). Antioxidant activity of peanut seed testa and its antioxidative component, ethyl protocatechuate.  LWT-Food Science and Technology, 38(3), 193 - 200. https://doi.org/10.101 6/j.lwt.2004.06.004
Yoshimoto, N., Inoue, E., Saito, K., Yamaya, T. & Takahashi, H. (2003). Phloem-localizing sulfate transporter, Sultr1; 3, mediates re-distribution of sulfur from source to sink organs in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology, 131(4), 1511-1517. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.014712
Zaki, M.F., Abdelhafez, A.A.M., El-dewiny, Y. and Camilia. (2009). Influence of biofertilization and nitrogen sources on growth, yield and quality of broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var.italica). Egypt. J Appl. Sci., 24, 86–111.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Roshini, S. ., Jegadeeswari, D. ., Chitdeshwari, T. ., & Sankari, A. . (2021). Sulphur fertilization on biochemical constituents of cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata. L) in non-calcareous soil of Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu . Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 13(4), 1332–1338. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v13i4.3063
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles