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Ranjana Saxena Rita Rath Sadhna Gupta Neeraja Sood

Abstract

Degradation of natural resources and loss of biodiversity (wildlife flora and fauna) is a global problem that affects our society and hampers the economic and social progress of a country towards sustainable development. In developing countries like India, degradation of natural resources is a major threat to socio-economic development. In general, destruction of the environment, biodiversity and nature, has been a major concern in metropolitan cities. Delhi being a metropolitan city and the capital of India, has been facing this problem since 1980’s. However, the situation was not that bad then. Over the years, the environmental degradation has not only led to the loss of natural flora and fauna of Delhi city but has also become a cause of great concern because of its impact on the health of the common citizens of Delhi. Modernization, industrialization and overpopulation are key factors responsible for bringing about a drastic change in Delhi’s biodiversity and natural resources. Keeping in view their multifarious impacts, the Government of Delhi took some measures to restore the ecosystem of the city. However, we still have a long way to go to bring back the natural flora and fauna of the city, clean air, and the natural resources that have been depleted beyond imagination. Government alone cannot bring about the lost glory of Delhi. Each citizen of Delhi is responsible, and there is a need to join hands together and think in a positive direction to make Delhi a safe living place not only for human beings but also the wildlife that once existed in this majestic city.

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Keywords

Biodiversity, Ecosystem, Ecological restoration, Environmental degradation, Industrialization, Overpopulation

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Saxena, R., Rath, R. ., Gupta, S. ., & Sood, N. . (2021). A review on ecological degradation, its causes and sustainable development in Delhi, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 13(4), 1294–1304. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v13i4.2978
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