R. Chitradevi P. N. Magudeswaran Vikas D. Ghadamode K. Poonkodi V. Anitha


In this work, the assessment of surface and ground water quality of Palladam Taluk, Tiruppur, district, Tamil Nadu, India were carried out using Geographical Information System (GIS) and Modified National Sanitation Foundation -Water Quality Index (MNSF-WQI). Four samples from surface and twenty seven samples from ground water sources were taken from Palladam Taluk, Tiruppur District. In the current study, the surface and ground water samples were analysed for temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), electrical conductivity (EC), biological oxygen demand (BOD), turbidity, total dissolved solids (TDS), total hardness (TH), faecal coliforms (FC), total phosphate (TP), total nitrate (TN), chlorides (Cl-), sodium (Na+) and fluoride (F-) ions to investigate the suitability of surface and ground water for drinking and agricultural purposes through Geographic information system (GIS) and modified national sanitation foundation water quality index (MNSF-WQI) technique. The concentrations of TH, TDS, Cl- and Na+ were observed to be above the desirable limit of World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines and Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). whereas F-, BOD, DO, EC, TP, TN, FC and temperature were within the acceptable limits. The GIS-based WQI map analysis indicated that 45% of the study area having good water quality index and the remaining area showed medium quality water. Dyeing and textile industries in the study area are responsible for deteriorating the quality to medium quality of water which was not appropriate for direct utilization and needed prior treatment. There is no detailed report on assessment of the surface and ground water quality of Palladam Taluk in Tamil Nadu using GIS and MNSF-WQI techniques.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




GIS, MNSF-WQI, Palladam Taluk, Physico-chemical parameters, Water Quality

1. Baruah, P. P., and Kakati,B. (2009). Studies on phytoplankton community in a high-land temple pond of Assam, India. Indian J.of Environ. & Ecoplan, 16 (1), 17 – 24.
2. Chandetrik, R., and Sharma, A., (2011). Assessment of drinking water quality: a case study of Ambala cantonment area. Haryana, India. Int J Environ Sci, 2(2), 933–945.
3. Chen, S. K., Jang, C. S., and Chou, C. Y. (2019). Assessment of spatiotemporal variations in river water quality for sustainable environmental and recreational management in the highly urbanized Danshui River basin. Environ. Monit. Assess, 191, 100.
4. Deng, W., and Wang, G. A. (2017). Novel water quality data analysis framework based on time-series data mining. J. Environ. Manag, 196(1), 365–375.
5. Deshmuk, Keshav., and Sainath. (2016. Assessment of the Impact of Municipal Solid Waste on Groundwater Quality near the Sangamner City using GIS Approach. Water Resources Management, 30(7) 2425-2443.
6. Dixon, W., and Chiswell, B., (1996). Review of aquatic monitoring program design, Water Res. 30(9), 1935–1948.
7. Fleischer, R. L., and Lovett, D. B. (1968). Uranium and boron content of water by particle track etching. Geochim, Cosmochim. Acta, 32(10), 1126.
8. Ganesh Babu, O., and Sashikkumar, M.C. (2013). Application of GIS for ground water quality mapping of Tiruppur block, Tamil Nadu. Int.J. of Remote Sensing & Geoscience, 2(5), 18-25.
9. Ji, X., Dahlgren, R. A., and Zhang, M. (2016). Comparison of seven water quality assessment methods for the characterization and management of highly impaired river systems. Environ. Monit. Assess. 188(15).
10. Kawo, N.S., and Karuppannan, S. (2018). Groundwater Quality Assessment Using Water Quality Index and GIS Technique in Modjo River Basin. Cen. Ethiopia J. of African Earth Sciences, 147, 300.
11. Magudeswaran, P.N., and Ramachandran, T. (2006). Water Quality of Rivers Siruvani, Bhavani and Noyyal using Alternate Water Quality Index. Poll. Res, 25(3), 519-523.
12. Mladenovi?-Ranisavljevi?, I. I, Taki?. L and Nikoli?. D. (2018). Water quality assessment based on combined multi-criteria decision-making method with index method. Water Resour. Manag. 32, 2261–2276.
13. Mohammad, M.A., and Saminu M, Y., (2012). Water quality and phytoplankton of Salanta River, Kano, Nigeria. Journal of Biological Science and Bioconservation 4: 65–73.
14. Pius, A., and Jerome, C. (2011). Evaluation of groundwater quality in and around Peenya industrial area of Bangalore, South India using GIS techniques. Environ Monit Assess 184(7), 4067–4077.
15. Purushothama, R., Narayana, J., Kiran, B.R., Banakar, A.B., and Harish Kumar, K. (2005). Hydrochemistry of Bramana kalasi tank at Sagara, Karnataka. Indian J. of Environ. Protection. 25 (6) 531 – 534.
16. Rakotondrabe, F., José Paulo Soares de Azevedo, Marco Aurélio dos Santos and Rafaela dos Santos Facchetti Vinhaes Assumpção. (2018), Water quality assessment in the Bétaré-Oya gold mining area (East-Cameroon): multivariate statistical analysis approach, Sci. Total Environ. 610–611, 831–844.
17. Ramakrishna., Nagaraju. D., Mohammad Suban Lone., Siddalingamurthy, S, and Sumithra, S. (2013). Ground water prospectus studies of Tattekere watershed, Mysore district, Karnataka, India using Remote Sensing and GIS. Int.J. of Remote Sensing & Geoscience. 3(1), 6-10.
18. Singh,S., Ghosh, N.C., Krishan, G., Kumar, S., Gurjar, S., and Sharma, M.K. (2019). Development of indices for surface and ground water quality assessment and characterization for Indian conditions. Environ. Monit. Assess. 191(3), 182.
19. Singha, S., Devatha, C.P., Singha, S., and Verma, K. (2015). Assessing Ground Water Quality Using GISM. Inter J. of Eng Res & Tech. 4 (11), 689-694.
20. Smitha, D., Ajay and Shivashankar, P. (2013). Physico Chemical Analysis of the Freshwater at River Kapila, Nanjangud Industrial Area, Mysore, India. Inter Res J. Environ. Sciences. 2(8), 59.
21. Wang, Y., Xiang, C., Zhao, P., Mao, G., and Du, H. (2016). A bibliometric analysis for the research on river water quality assessment and simulation during 2000–2014. Scientometrics. 108(3), 1333–1346.
22. WHO., (2006). Guidelines for drinking water quality first addendum to (Vol. 1, Third ed.). Recommendations Geneva.
23. Yang, L., Songl, X., Zhangl, Y., Hanl, D., Zhang, B., Long, D. (2012). Characterizing interactions between surface water and groundwater in the Jialu River basin using major ion chemistry and stable isotopes. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 16, 4265–4277.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Chitradevi , R. ., Magudeswaran, P. N. ., Ghadamode, V. D. ., Poonkodi, K. ., & Anitha, V. . (2021). Ground and surface water quality assessment of Palladam Taluk using Geographical Information System and Modified National Sanitation Foundation -Water Quality Index. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 13(3), 954–961. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v13i3.2752
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)