With the contest of urbanization and industrial development, electroplating industries have grown rapidly. The different chemicals, metal salts and discharge of large volume of wastewater with inefficient treatment facilities had created the pollution load on water bodies. The present study was carried out to investigate the assessment of the monthly variation of pH and heavy metals (Cr, Ni, Zn, Fe) of electroplating untreated industrial wastewater from the selected study sites viz. SS-1: Atul Industries, SS-2: Suresh Fasteners, SS-3: Bajrang Industrial Company, SS-4: Stylex Industries, SS-5: Karan Industries, SS-6: Avon Industries, SS-7: Geetika Enterprises, SS-8: Atop Fasteners, SS-9: Accufit Fasteners and SS-10: Ashoka Furniture Udyog at industrial area phase I and phase II of Chandigarh. The untreated electroplating wastewater samples were collected from ten study sites (SS-1 to SS-10) and were analyzed following the standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. The results of the present study revealed that the maximum concentration of heavy metals such as Zn (122.20 mg/l)during the month of August 2019 at the SS-8, Ni (156.37 mg/l) during the month of August 2019 at the SS-4, Cr (467.01 mg/l) during the month of October 2019 at the SS-5 and Fe (13.22 mg/l)during the month of December 2019 at the SS-2. The load of metallic ions discharge from the electroplating industries before any treatment from the selected study sites (SS-1 to SS-10) was found in the following order as Cr>Ni>Zn>Fe. Thus the present study would provide baseline data for the development of treatment strategies for wastewater discharge from electroplating industries and also in minimizing the effects of heavy metal contamination of receiving water bodies.
Chemical precipitation, Electroplating, Heavy metal, Hexavalent chromium, Wastewater treatment
APHA (2017). Standard methods of water and wastewater analysis 21thedn. American Public Health Association (APHA), Washington DC
Arora, T., A. Mishra, A., Matta, G., Chopra, A. K., Kumar, A., Khanna, D.R. & Kumar, V.(2016). Pollution load assessment and potential environmental risks of composite industrial effluents discharged from SIIDCUL Integrated Industrial Estate, Haridwar (Uttarakhand), India. Journal of Environmental Biology, 38(2):205-216. DOI: 10.22438/jeb/38/2/MS-80
CPCB (2008). Waste minimisation and eco-friendly electroplating processes. Central pollution control board (CPCB), Parivesh, New Delhi.
Dermentzis, K. (2010). Removal of nickel from electroplating rinse waters using electrostatic shielding electrodialysis/electrodeionization. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 173(1–3), 647-652. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.200 9.08.133
Hashem, A.R. and Abed, K.F. (2002). Arsenic, lead and microorganism in hair and nails of some women from Saudi Arabia. Journal of Medical Science, 2, 82-84.
Kanoun-Boulé, M.Vicente, J.A.F., CristinaNabais, C., Prasad, M.N.V.&Freitasa, H. (2009). Ecophysiological tolerance of duckweeds exposed to copper. Aquatic Toxicology,91(1),1-9.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2008.09.009
Keller, A.A., Garner, K., Miller, R.J. &Lenihan, H.S. (2012). Toxicity of nano-zero valent iron to freshwater and marine organisms. PLoS ONE7:e43983. https://doi.o rg/10.1371/journal.pone.0043983
Kumar, G.S. and A.J. Thatheyus (2013). Bioremediation of chromium nickel and zinc in electroplating effluent byEscherichiacoli.Ann. Rev. Res. Biol.,3, 913-920.
Linton, T.K., Pacheco, M.A.W., McIntyre, D.O., Clement, W.H., & Goodrich-Mahoney J (2007). Development of bioassessment-based benchmarks for iron. Environ. Tox. Chem., 26,1291–1298. https://doi.org/10.1897/06-431.1
Lokhande, R.S., Singare, P.U. and Pimple, D.S. (2011). Study on physicochemical parameters of wastewater effluents from Taloja. Industrial Area of Mumbai, India. Int. J. Ecosystem, 1, 1-9 (2011).
MoEF (2012). Electroplating industries. Environmental standard. Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF). New Delhi, India
Nagarajan N., Gunasekaran P. and Rajendran P. (2014). Impacts of Electroplating industrial effluents on plants, potable water and genotoxicity to meristematic cells of
onion root tips. The Scitech Journal, 01 02
Raju, M.V., Rao, L. Neelakanta, Mariadas, K., Kumar, M. S. J. and Babu, S. R. (2019). A study on metals recovery from the waste water effluents in electroplating industry. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 10(02), 1033–1040
Sanyaolu, V.T., A.A.A. Sanyaolu and A. Babayeju (2013). Determination of the physico-chemical parameters of an industrial effluent: A case study of Pz Cussons Plc, Ikorodu, Lagos State. JECR,1,12-20. DOI:10.12966/JECR.08.01.2013
Selhi, A. and Nikhil, S. (2014). A study of electroplating process through experiment and simulation. 5th International & 26th All India Manufacturing Technology, Design and Research Conference (AIMTDR 2014) December 12th–14th, 2014, IIT, Guwahati, Assam, India
Singh V., Ram C, Kumar, A. (2016) Physico-Chemical characterization of electroplating industrial effluents of Chandigarh and Haryana region. J. Civil Environ. Eng., 6, 237. doi:10.4172/2165-784X.1000237
Sinha, S., Basant, A., Malik, A. and Singh, K.P. (2009). Iron-induced oxidative stress in a macrophyte: a chemometric approach. Ecotox. Environ. Safe, 72,585–595. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2008.04.017
Sivasangari, S., Suseendhar, S., Suresh kumar K., Vijayaprasath, N. and Thirumurugan, M. (2016). Characteristic study of electroplating and dye industrial effluents. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 5(12), DOI:10.15680/IJIRSET.2016.0512122 20810
Upadhyay, K. (2006). Solution for wastewater problem related to electroplating industry: an overview. Jr. of Industrial Pollution Control, 22 (1), 59-66
WHO (2003). The World Report: Shaping the future, World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)