##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Umesh Hiremath Basave Gowda Lokesh G.Y . B. S. Ganiger

Abstract

The continuous rise in global population demands more food production under limited land resources accompanied by climate change. More oversupply of quality seeds to meet ever-growing food demand is a highly challenging task. Seeds with low vigour level limit the growth and yield of crops at varied field conditions. Hence, an experiment was conducted to develop a technique for the fast and homogeneous growth of kabuli chickpea seeds. The priming treatments evaluated in the present study enhanced the various seed quality parameters of kabuli chickpea significantly when compared to control. Hydro-priming for 4 hours (at 20°C) and air drying for 72 hours showed better results compared to rest of the treatments both in fresh seeds which recorded higher first count (66.38%), germination (92.50%) root length (11.85 cm), shoot length (6.16), mean seedling length (18.01), dry seedling weight (747 mg), seedling vigour index-I (1665), higher speed of emergence (0.3992) and old seeds with higher first count (61.88%), germination (74.13%) root length (8.15 cm), shoot length (5.85 cm), mean seedling length (14.00 cm), seedling dry weight (611 mg), seedling vigour index-I (1056), higher speed of emergence (0.3814). The aged seeds have recorded 29 % increase in germination percentage in contrast to 8 percent increases in fresh seeds. Kabuli chickpea seeds could be subjected to hydropriming, an affordable, alternative, and eco-friendly technique for improving seed and seedling vigour of kabuli chickpea.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Hydropriming, Kabuli chickpea, Planting value, seed vigour, Speed of emergence

References
Abdul-Baki, A.A. & Anderson, J.D. (1973). Vigour determination in soybean seed by multiple criteria. Crop Science, 13(3), 630-633.
Ahmad, F., Gaur, P.M. & Croser, J.S. (2005). Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) In: Genetic Resources, Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement. Taylor & Francis, London, UK, pp. 229-267.
Anonymous. (2010). International rules for seed testing, Zurich, Switzerland.
Ávila, M.R., Braccini, A.L., Scapim, C.A., Albrecht, L.P., Rodovalho, M. & Fracaro, M. (2008). Hydration and pre-osmotic treatments on canola rape seeds (Brassica napus L.). Seed Science and Technology, 36, 218-224.
Basra, S.M.A., Farooq, M. & Tabassum, R. (2005). Physiological and biochemical aspects of seed vigor enhancement treatments in fine rice (Oryza sativa L.). Seed Science and Technology, 33, 25-29.
Bradford, K, J. (1986). Manipulation of seed water relations via osmotic priming to improve germination under stress conditions. Hort. Sci., 21, 1105-1112.
Bray, C.M., Davison, P.A., Ashraf, M. & Taylor, R.M. (1989). Biochemical changes during osmopriming of leek seeds. Annals of Botany, 63, 185-193.
Casenave, E.C. & Toselli, M.E. (2007). Hydropriming as a pre-treatment for cotton germination under thermal and water stress conditions. Seed Science and Technology, 35, 88-89.
Christos A. D., Spyridon D. K. & Sideris, F. (2019). Hydro-priming effects on seed germination and field performance of faba bean in spring sowing. Agriculture, 9, 201. doi:10.3390/agriculture9090201.
Copeland, L.O. & M.C. Donald, M.B. (1995). Principles of seed science and technology 3rd edition., Chapman and Hall, New York.
Ellis, R.H. & Roberts, E.H. (1981). The quantification of ageing and survival in orthodox seeds. Seed Science and Technology, 9, 373–409.
Fujikura, Y., Kraakh, L.A., Basra, S. & Karssen, C.M. (1993). Hydropriming, a simple and inexpensive priming method. Seed Science and Technology, 21, 411-415.
Harris, D., Tripathi, R.S. & Joshi A. (2000). On- farm priming to improve crop establishment and yield in direct- seeded rice p.164 in IRRI: International Workshop on Dry –seeded Rice Technology, Bangkok, 25 – 28 January 2000. The international Rice Research institute, Manila, Philippines.
Heydecker, W.J., Heydecker, J., Higgins. & Gulliver, K. (1973). Accelerated germination by osmotic seed treatment. Nature, 246, 42-46.
Jamil, E., Zeb, S. Ali, Q. S. Ahmad, N. Sajis, M. Siddique, S. & Saleem, S.M. (2016). Effect of seed soaking on seed germination and growth of bitter gourd cultivars. Pure and Applied Biology, 5(1), 31–36. https://doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2016.50005.
Lin, J.M. & Sung, J.M. (2001). Pre-sowing treatment for improving emergence of bittergourd seedling under optimal and sub-optimal temperatures. Seed Science and Technology, 29, 39-50.
Michael Evanari. (1984). Seed Physiology: Its History from antiquity to the beginning of the 20th century. Bot. Rev, 50, 119-142.
Nascimento, W.M. & Arago, F.S. (2004). Muskmelon seed priming in relation seed vigour. Scientia Agri., 61, 114-117.
Parthasarathy Rao P., Birthal P.S., Bhagavatula, S. & Bantilan, M.C.S. (2010). Chickpea and Pigeonpea Economies in Asia: Facts, Trends and Outlook, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, pp 76.
Paparella, S., Araújo, S. S., Rossi, G., Wijayasinghe, M., Carbonera, D. & Balestrazzi, A. (2015). Seed riming: state of the art and new perspectives. Plant Cell Rep. 34, 1281–1293. doi:10.1007/s00299-015-1784-y.
Pundir, R.P.S., Rao, N.K. & Van der Maesen, L.J.G. (1985). Distribution of qualitative traits in the world germplasm of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Euphytica, 34, 697-703.
Saad, J.K. Al-Salhy & Azhar A. Rasheed (2020). Effect of mung bean seed priming methods and duration on seed germination and seedling vigour. Plant Arch., 20(1), 27-31.
Shaila Shermin Tania, Md, Mokter Hossain, M. & Abul Hossain (2019). Effects of hydropriming on seed germination, seedling growth and yield of bitter gourd. Journal of Bangladesh Agricultural University, 17(3), 281–287.
Shantha Nagarajan & Pandita, V.K. (2001). Improvement in germination characteristics in artificially aged seeds of tomato by osmoconditioning. Seed Res, 29(2), 136-140.
Sundarrajan, N., Nagaraju, S., Venkataramana, S. & Jaganatha, M.H. (1972). Design and analysis of experiments. University of Agricultural Sciences, Hebbal, Bangalore.
Surekha, M. (2002). Studies on the influence of seed invigouration treatments on seed quality and storability in onion (Allium cepa L.). M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore.
Umesha., Vasudevan, S.N., Bhanuprakash, K., Shakuntala, N.M. & Arvindkumar, P.R. (2014) Standardization of suitable chemicals, methodology and vigour enhancement through seed priming technique in onion seeds. Green Farming, 5 (2), 177-181.
Umesha., Vasudevan, S.N., Bhanuprakash, K., Manjunatha, B., Sarika, G. & Amruta, N. (2016). Biochemical investigations on vigour enhancement in aged seeds upon seed priming in onion. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8 (2), 855 – 859.
Zhang, F., Yu, J., Johnston, C.R., Wang, Y., Zhu, K., Lu, F., Zhang, Z. and Zou, J. (2015). Seed priming with polyethylene glycol induces physiological changes in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) seedlings under suboptimal soil moisture environments. PLoS One, 0: e0140620. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0140620.
Zohary, D. & Hopf, M. (2000). Pulses. In domestication of plants in the old world: The origin and spread of cultivated plants in West Asia, Europe, and the Nile Valley, 3rd Edition, Oxford University Press, New York, pp 108.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Hiremath, U., Gowda, B. . ., G.Y . , L. ., & Ganiger , B. S. . (2021). Development of priming technology for enhanced planting value of seeds in kabuli chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 13(2), 735–743. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v13i2.2507
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)