A field experiment on the influence of different organic sources of nutrients on growth and flowering behaviour of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cv. Bhagwa was conducted at College Farm, College of Horticulture, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Jagudan, District-Mehsana in Gujarat, India during Mrig bahar (June-January) 2017-18 and 2018-19. The present investigation was laid out in Randomized Block Design with three replications consisting of twenty-two treatments with four different organic manures viz., farmyard manure, vermicompost, poultry manure and neem cake as a source of nitrogen and recommended dose of manure and fertilizers based on plant age with or without biofertilizers (Azotobacter, PSB & KMB) and biopesticides (Trichoderma viride and Paecilomyces lilacinus). The results based on pooled data revealed that a maximum number of hermaphrodite flowers (85.17) and incomplete flowers (96.50) up to two months after treatment application, fruit set (69.45 %) along with minimum fruit drop (13.18 %) and days taken for marketable picking (168.83) were significantly (@5%) noted under treatment 100 % RDN through poultry manure + 50 ml PSB + 25 ml KMB + 5 g Trichoderma viride + 5 ml Paecilomyces lilacinus. However, significantly (@5%) highest incremental primary growth parameters viz., plant height (0.60 m), plant spread (E-W: 0.41 m and N-S: 0.43 m) and stem girth (1.47 cm) after two months of treatment application were observed under treatment 100 % RDN through vermicompost + 50 ml PSB + 25 ml KMB + 5 g Trichoderma viride + 5 ml Paecilomyces lilacinus. Thus, the organic sources viz., vermicompost and poultry manure with biofertilizers and biopesticides would be very helpful for enhancing vegetative growth and flowering behaviour of the pomegranate.
Biofertilizers, Biopesticides, Organic manures, Pomegranate, Punica granatum
Research, 3(5), 158-161.
Anitha, S., Joyithi, M. L. & Narayanan Kutti, M. C. (2003). Evaluation of various organic manures as components in the integrated nutrient management of oriental pickling melon. Progressive Horticulture, 35, 155-157.
Anonymous (2018). Horticultural Statistics at a Glance, Horticulture Statistics Division, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers' Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi. p. 458.
Arancon, N. Q., Edwards, C. A., Bierman, P., Welch, C. & Metzger, J. D. (2004). Influence of vermicompost on field strawberry on growth & yield. Bioresource Technology, 93 (2), 145-153.
Atiyeh, R. M., Lee, S., Edwards, C. A., Arancon, N. Q. & Metzger, J. D. (2002). The influence of humic acids derived from earthworm-processed organic wastes on plant growth. Bioresource Technology, 84(1), 7-14.
Baviskar, M. N., Bharad, S. G., Dod, V. N. & Barne, V. G. (2011). Effect of integrated nutrient management on yield & quality of sapota. Plant Archives, 11(2), 661-663.
Bernier, G., Kinet, J. M. & Sachs, R. M. (1981). The Physiology of Flowering. Vol I, CRC Press, Boca Raton. p.159.
Chandra, V., Sharma, H. G. & Dikshit, S. N. (2016). Effect of chemical fertilizers, organic manures & biofertilizers on growth, yield & quality of mrig bahar guava (Psidium guajava L.). Current Advances in Agricultural Sciences, 8(1), 114-116.
Choudhary, R. (2016). Effect of organic manures & fertility levels on growth parameters of ber (Zizyphus mauritiana Lam.) cv. Gola under semi-arid conditions. In: M.Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, Sri Karan Narendra Agriculture University, Jobner.
Cochran, G. C. & Cox, G. M. (1963). Experimental
Design. Asia Publishing House, Bombay. p.611.
Gawade, S. N., Kale, A. P., Shaikh, J. A. & Sharma, R. C. (2018). Study on nutrient package for pomegranate (Punica granatum L.). Indian Journal of Agricultural
Research, 52(2), 199-202.
Greeshma, R. B. C., Suma, R., Nagaraja, M. S. & Kulapati, H. (2017). Effect of bioinoculants & organic supplementation on growth & yield of pomegranate. International Journal of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources, 4(4), 1-5.
Hassan, A. M., Abd-Alhamid, N., Rawheya, B. M. A. A., Hassan, H. S. A., Abdelhafez, A. A. & Laila, F. H. (2015). Effect of organic & biofertilization on yield & quality of "Manzanillo" olives. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research, 4(3), 485-493.
Jackson, M. L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice-Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi. p 498.
Kurer, B. S., Patil, D. R., Gandolkar , K., Mesta, R. K., Nagaraj, M. S., Nadaf, A. M. & Prakash, D. P. (2017). Response of pomegranate to different organic manures under northern dry zone of Karnataka, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology & Applied Sciences, 6(11), 86-90.
Marathe, R. A., Sharma, J., Murkute, A. A. & Babu, K. D. (2017). Response of nutrient supplementation through organics on growth, yield & quality of pomegranate. Scientia Horticulturae, 214, 114-121.
Mir, M., Sharma, S. D. & Kumar, P. (2015). Nutrient
dynamics: Effect on cropping behavior, nutrient profile & quality attributes of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) under rainfed agro-climatic conditions. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 38(1), 83-95.
Mohamed, A. S., Shohba, N. E. A., Abou-Taleb, S. A., Abbas, M. S. & Soliman, A. S. (2018). Beneficial effect of bioorganic fertilizers as a partial replacement of chemical fertilizers on productivity & fruit quality of pomegranate trees. Bioscience Research, 15(4), 4603-4616.
Naik, M. H. & Babu, R. S. H. (2007). Feasibility of organic farming in guava. Acta Horticulturae, 735, 365-372.
Rehman, A., Shahid, M., Malik, A. A., Khan, S. & Zakaria (2015). Effect of organic & inorganic fertilizers on brinjal cultivars under the agro-climatic conditions of Mansehra. Journal of Biology, Agriculture & Healthcare, 5(11), 14-19.
Rideout, J. W., Raper, C. D. & Miner, G. S. (1992). Changes in ratio of soluble sugars & free amino nitrogen in the apical meristem during floral transition of tobacco. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 153(1), 78-88.
Sharma, A., Bhatnagar, P., Singh, J., Sharma, M. K. & Jain, M. C. (2016). Growth & physiological correlation in custard apple cv. Raidurg under consortium of vermicompost & PSB. HortFlora Research Spectrum, 5(2), 89-98.
Sharma, J., Sharma, K. K., Marathe, R. A., Suroshe, S., Babu, K. D. & Singh, N. V. (2011). Integrated Disease & Insect Pest Management in Pomegranate. Ext Bull 4, National Research Centre on Pomegranate, Solapur. pp. 1-29.
Sharma, R. (2015). Effect of organic & inorganic source of nutrients on growth, flowering, fruiting, yield & quality of mango (Mangifera indica L.) cv. Amrapali under high density planting. In: Ph.D. (Agri.) Thesis, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur.
Sourabh, Sharma, J. R., Baloda, S., Kumar, R., Sheoran, V., Vijay & Saini, H. (2018). Response of organic amendments & biofertilizers on growth & yield of guava during rainy season. Journal of Pharmacognosy & Phytochemistry, 7(6), 2692-2695.
Thanari, N. & Suma, R. (2018). Effect of fertigation & soil application of major nutrients on growth & yield of pomegranate cv. Bhagwa. International Journal of Chemical Studies, 6(5), 3062-3065.
Torshiz, A. O., Goldansaz, S. H., Motesharezadeh, B., Sarcheshmeh, M. A. A. & Zarei, A. (2017). Effect of organic & biological fertilizers on pomegranate trees : yield, cracking, sun-burning & infestation to pomegranate fruit moth Ectomyelois ceratoniae (Lepidoptera : Pyralidae). Journal of Crop Protection, 6(3), 327-340.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)