In India, the precious freshwater resources are becoming scarcer due to the climate change effect coupled with their inappropriate planning and management at the field level. Development of water resources and sensitization of farming community/irrigators towards effective utilization of these resources is need of the hour and it is one of the most important factors in conservation and preservation water resources for future requirements. This case study has highlighted the direct and indirect benefits derived by implementation of National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) scheme in Nawada, a village of the district East Champaran in Bihar state initiated by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Piprakothi, East Champaran under Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Bihar. Two groups of farmers of the village was chosen to evaluate the benefits derived from this scheme. Under this scheme, tube-wells were developed to facilitate assured irrigation. This study revealed that the total savings of approximate Rs.10,000 ($140) per hectare to irrigate wheat crop three times in Rabi season was achieved over conventional irrigation system. This scheme has also resulted in other intangible benefits which included a reduction in pollution, an increase in the number of crops- rabi , kharif and zaid seasons and adequate time to carryout out other farm operations.
Agriculture, Climate change, Irrigation, Socio-economic, Wheat
State of Indian Agriculture (2015-16). Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare Directorate of Economics and Statistics, New Delhi. 1-280.
Jasna, V. K., Sukanya Som, R. Roy Burman, R. N. Padaria and J. P. Sharma (2014). Socio Economic Impact of Climate Resilient Technologies. International Journal of Agriculture and Food Science Technology, 5(3): 185-190.
Venkateswarlu, B., Maheswari, M., Srinivasa Rao, M., Rao, V.U.M., Srinivasa Rao, Ch., Reddy, K.S., Ramana, D.B.V., Rama Rao, C.A., Vijay Kumar, P., Dixit, S. and Sikka, A.K. (2013). National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA), Research Highlights. Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad.
NAAS (2013). Climate Resilient Agriculture in India. Policy Paper No. 65, National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS), New Delhi: 20 p.
Das, S., Chatterjee, A., and Pal, T. K. (2020). Organic farming in India: a vision towards a healthy nation. Food Quality and Safety, 4(2), 69-76.doi:10.1093/fqsafe/fyaa018.
Venkateswarlu, B., and Prasad, J. V. N. S. (2012). Carrying capacity of Indian agriculture: issues related to rainfed agriculture. Current Science, 102: 882-888.
Arnell, N. et al. (2001). Hydrology and Water Resources. In: McCarthy, J. J. et al. (eds.), Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 192-234.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)