Prunus persica (Peach) has several medicinal and nutritive properties such as antioxidant, antimalarial, anticoagulant, antifungal, ant-allergic, etc. The present study focuses on the exploratory for phytochemicals constituents screening of seed extracts of Prunus persica from Uttarakhand region of India by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. The extraction of seed was carried out using soxhlet apparatus in different solvents such as petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, ethanol, and water. The characteristics of physical parameters of dried seed of P. persica were reported as total ash (14.250±0.126 %), acid insoluble ash (6.800±0.036 %), water-soluble ash (11.714±0.123 %), and sulphated ash value (2.274±0.025 %); whereas, the extractive values were also recorded as alcohol soluble extractive (1.917±0.011 %), and water-soluble extractive (10.580±0.048 %). The highest values of nutritive components (366.778±0.257 %) were followed by, carbohydrate (45.500±0.336 %), crude protein (29.360±0.551 %), available carbohydrate content (28.002±0.439 %), moisture content (12.547±0.022 %), crude fibre (11.602±0.123 %), crude fat (7.482±0.068 %), and total nitrogen (4.695±0.032 %). The maximum extraction yield was recorded in the aqueous extract solution (11.15 %), followed by petroleum ether (2.8 %), ethyl acetate (2.1 %), ethanol (1.6 %), and chloroform (0.4 %). Besides, this the most effective chemical bonding groups of FTIR spectra analyzed in a sample of P. persica seed were N-H, O-H (3600-3400 1/cm), C-H (3000-2800 1/cm), N-H, C-C, C=O (1680-1550 1/cm), C-H (1470-1350 1/cm), CO-OR (1400-1000 1/cm), C-H (850-550 1/cm), and C-I (500-400 1/cm), respectively. Therefore, this study provides useful insights into the beneficial properties of P. persica seed biomass from the Uttarakhand region of India, which may be further used for the production of several pharmaceuticals and nutraceutical products.
Extraction process, FTIR analysis, P. persica seed, Phytochemical screening
Altemimi, A., Lakhssassi, N., Baharlouei, A., Watson, D.G. and Lightfoot, D.A. (2017). Phytochemicals: Extraction, isolation, and identification of bioactive compounds from plant extracts. Plants, 6(4): 42. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants6040042
Altemimi, A.W., Watson, D.G., Kinsel, M. and Lightfoot, D.A. (2015). Simultaneous extraction, optimization, and analysis of flavonoids and polyphenols from peach and pumpkin extracts using a tlc-densitometric method. Chemistry Central Journal, 9: 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13065-015-0113-4
AOAC. (2005). Official methods of analysis of the association of official analytical chemists. 13th ed. Rockville (MD): AOAC International; 2005; p. 545–567.
Ashokkumar, R. and Ramaswamy, M. (2014). Phytochemical screening by FTIR spectroscopic analysis of leaf extracts of selected Indian medicinal plants. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 3(1): 395-406.
Ashraf, C.M., Iqbal, S. and Ahmed, D. (2011). Nutritional and physicochemical studies on fruit pulp, seed and shell of indigenous Prunus persica. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5(16): 3917-3921.
Cao, K., Zheng, Z., Wang, L., Liu, X., Zhu, G., Fang, W. and Xie, M. (2014). Comparative population genomics reveals the domestication history of the peach, Prunus persica, and human influences on perennial fruit crops. Genome Biology, 15(7): 415, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13059-014-0415-1
Gaur, R.D. (1999). Flora of the District Garhwal, North West Himalaya. Transmedia.http://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=US201300069963
Jamila, N., Khan, N., Hwang, I. M., Saba, M., Khan, F., Amin, F. and Ullah, F. (2019). Characterization of natural gums via elemental and chemometric analyses, synthesis of silver nanoparticles, and biological and catalytic applications. International journal of biological macromolecules. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.09.245
Jiao, W., Shu, C., Li, X., Cao, J., Fan, X. and Jiang, W. (2019). Preparation of a chitosan-chlorogenic acid conjugate and its application as edible coating in postharvest preservation of peach fruit. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 154: 129-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2019.05.003
Kant, R., Shukla, R. K. and Shukla, A. (2018). A review on Peach (Prunus persica): an asset of medicinal phytochemicals. International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology, 6(I): 2186-2200. https://doi.org/10.22214/ijraset.2018.1342
Kim, H. R., Kim, I. D., Dhungana, S.K., Kim, M. O. and Shin, D. H. (2014). Comparative assessment of physicochemical properties of unripe peach (Prunus persica) and Japanese apricot (Prunus mume). Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 4(2): 97-10., https://doi.org/10.1016/S2221-1691(14)60216-1
Kumar, N. and Chaudhary, A. (2017). Pharmacognostic and phytochemical evaluation of Prunus persica (L.). International Journal of Research and Development in Pharmacy & Life Sciences, 6: 2806-2812. https://doi.org/10.21276/ijrdpl.2278-0238.2017.6(6).2806-2812
Kumari, A., Parida, A. K., Rangani, J. and Panda, A. (2017). Antioxidant activities, metabolic profiling, proximate analysis, mineral nutrient compositions of Salvadora persica fruit unravel a potential functional food and a natural source of pharmaceuticals. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 8, 61: https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2017.00 061.
Kumar, P., Kumar, V., Kumar, S., Singh, J. and Kumar, P. (2020). Bioethanol production from sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) plant residue by combined physical, microbial and chemical pretreatments. Bioresource Technology, 297: 122484. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2019.1224 84
Maatallah, S., Dabbou, S., Castagna, A., Guizani, M., Hajlaoui, H., Ranieri, A.M. and Flamini, G. (2020). Prunus persica by-products: A source of minerals, phenols and volatile compounds. Scientia Horticulturae, 261, 109016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2019.109016
Nakagawa, T., Allam, A.E., Ohnuki, K. and Shimizu, K. (2018). Biological Activities of Extracts from Different Parts of two Cultivars of Prunus persica ‘Akatsuki’and ‘Fastigiata’. Natural Product Communications, 13(10). https://doi.org/10.1177/1934578x1801301015
Qumar, N. (2016). Study of nutritional constituents and sensory evaluation of bakery products prepared from seed and bark of Prunus persica (Peach). International Journal of Research – Granthaalayah, 4 (6): 12-24.
Rani, S., Punia, P., Jamal, Z., Singh, V. and Goyal, S. (2016). Antimicrobial property of peach leaves. International Journal of Home Science. 2(3): 410-412.
Raturi, R., Singh, H., Bahuguna, P., Sati, S.C. and Badoni, P.P. (2011). Antibacterial and antioxidant activity of methanolic extract of bark of Prunus persica. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 3(2): 312-314.https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v3i2.205
Shukla, R.K., Painuly, D., Porval, A. and Shukla, A. (2012). Proximate analysis, nutritive value, total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of Litchi chinensis Sonn. Natural Products: An Indian Journal, 8, 361-9.
Sivapriya, T. and John, S. (2019). Identification, isolation and elucidation of compounds from fraction of methyl hydroxyl chalcone polymer from aqueous extract of Cinnamomum zeylaynicum. Asian Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 5, 582-588. https://doi.org/10.31024/ajpp.2019.5.3.22
Tungmunnithum, D., Thongboonyou, A., Pholboon, A. and Yangsabai, A. (2018). Flavonoids and other phenolic compounds from medicinal plants for pharmaceutical and medical aspects: An overview. Medicines, 5(3): 93.https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines5030093
Victoria Ferna´ndez, Mohamed Khayet, Pablo Montero-Prado, Jose´ Alejandro Heredia-Guerrero, Georgios Liakopoulos, George Karabourniotis; V?´ctor del R?´o, Eva Dom?´nguez, Ignacio Tacchini, Cristina Ner?´n, Jesu´ s Val, and Antonio Heredia, (2019). New Insights into the Properties of Pubescent Surfaces: Peach Fruit as a Model. Plant physiology, 156 (4): 2098–2108. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.111.176305
Zhang, X., Li, X., Su, M., Du, J., Zhou, H., Li, X. and Ye, Z. (2020). A comparative UPLC-Q-TOF/MS-based metabolomics approach for distinguishing peach (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch) fruit cultivars with varying antioxidant activity. Food Research International, 109531.
Zhao, X., Zhang, W., Yin, X., Su, M., Sun, C., Li, X. and Chen, K. (2015). Phenolic composition and antioxidant properties of different peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] cultivars in China. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 16 (3): 5762-5778. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms16 035762
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)