The use of organic manures in the agricultural plays a vital role in improving the quality of turmeric as well as improving the soil health. Turmeric is having a close relation with human health; hence demand of organically grown turmeric is increasing tremendously. A field trial was conducted to study the effect of different organic manures (generally recommended fertilizer dose, farmyard manure, vermicompost, press mud compost, poultry manure, sugarcane trash, wheat straw, turmeric trash and jeevamrut ) on the yield and curcumin content of turmeric Cv. Phule Swarupa on Inceptisol at Agricultural Research Station, Dist-Sangli, Maharashtra, India. The trial was conducted on the fixed site of soil for the continuous of five years (2009-2013). The maximum dry yield (62.42 q ha-1) of the turmeric was recorded by application of the general recommended dose of fertilizer (GRDF) i. e. 25 MT FYM + 200:100:100 kg N:P2O5:K2O ha-1 which was at par with the vermicompost (11.36 T ha-1). The highest number of leaves per tiller and number of tillers per plant, plant height and curcumin content was recorded in the GRDF, which was at par with vermicompost. The highest benefit: cost ratio (1.59) was also noticed in GRDF, which was at par with the application of vermicompost (1.54) on a nitrogen basis. The soil available nutrient status was taken into consideration during experimentation. The application of vermicompost (11.36 T ha-1) along with Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria and Azospirillium @ 5 kg ha-1, respectively at the time of planting was found superior for higher dry yield (55.45 q ha-1), net monetary returns (Rs. 137035) and maintenance of soil fertility for organic cultivation of turmeric.
Curcuma longa, growth, Organic cultivation, quality, turmeric, yield
Amusan, A. O., Adetunji, M. T., Azeez, J. O. and Bodunde, J. G. (2011). Effect of the integrated use of legume residue, poultry manure and inorganic fertilizers on maize yield, nutrient uptake and soil properties. Nutrient Cycling Agroecosystem. 90: 321?330. DOI: 10.1007/s10705-011-9432-6
Balashanmugam , P. V., Vanangamudi, K. and Chamy, A. (1989). Studies on the influence of farm yard manure on the rhizome yield of turmeric. Indian Cocoa Arecanut and Spices Journal. 12: 126.
Chaudhary, D. R., Bhandari S. C. and Shukla L. M. (2004). Role of vermicompost in sustainable agriculture-A review. Agricultural Research.25: 29-39.
Dudhat, M. S., Malavia, D. D., Madhukia, R. K. and Khanpara, B. D. (1997). Effect of nutrient management through organic and inorganic sources on growth, yield and quality and nutrients uptake by wheat (Triticium aestivum). Indian Journal of Agronomy 42 (3):455-458.
Jackson, M.L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis. New Delhi: Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.
Kale, R. N., Bano, K. and Satyavati, G. P. (1991). Inlfuence of vermicompost application on growth and yield of cereals, vegetables and ornamental plants. Final report of KSCSI Project, N67004/Vermi (34B) 3478:27-29.
Kumar, D., Raizada, S., Kumar, A. and Kumar A. (2018). Effect of organic and inorganic nutrient on growth, yield and profitability of Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Progressive Agriculture. 18 (1):78-81. DOI : 10.5958/0976-4615.2018.00013.3
Kumar, K. R., Rao, N. S. and Kumar, R. N. (2016). Effect of organic and inorganic nutrient sources on growth, quality and yield of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Green Farming. 7(4):889-892. DOI Prefix: 10.37322
Knudsen, D., Peterson, G.A. and Pratt, P.F.(1982). Lithium, sodium and potassium. In: Methods of Soil Analysis Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties second edition. ed. A. L. Page, R.H. Miller and D.R. Keeney, pp. 225-246. Agron. Monograph No.9, Am. Soc. of Agron. Inc., Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
Lindsay, W.L. and Norvell, W.A. (1978). Development of DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Science America Journal. 42(1): 421-428.
Nanda, S. S., Mohapatra, S. and Mukshi, S. K.(2012). Integrated effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on turmeric (Curcuma longa). Indian Journal of Agronomy. 57(2):191-194.
Nelson, D. W. and Sommers, L.E. (1982). Total carbon, Organic carbon and Organic matter. In: Methods of Soil Analysis Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties second edition. ed. A. L. Page, R.H. Miller and D.R. Keeney, pp. 539?579. Agron. Monograph No.9, Am. Soc. of Agron. Inc., Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
Olsen, S. R., Coles, C. V., Watanabe, F. S. and Dean, L. N. (1954). Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circular - 939.
Panse, V. G. and Sukhatme, P. V. (1985). Statistical methods for agricultural workers. Indian Council Agricultural Research, New Delhi. 134?153.
Poapst, P. A., Genier, C. and Schnitzer, M. (1970). Effect of soil fulvic acid on stem elongation in peas. Plant and Soil. 32: 367-372.
Rao, D.V.R. and Swamy, G. S. (1984). Studies on the effect of N, P and K on growth, yield and quality of turmeric. South Indian Horticulture. 35: 288-291.
Roy, S. S. and Hore, J. K. (2010). Vermiculture can be practiced in all plantation crops. A report of Department of Spices and Plantation Crops, Faculty of Horticulture, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur – 741 252, Nadia, West Bengal. 20-39.
Sadanandan, A. K., Peter, K. V. and Hamza, S. (1998). Soil nutrient and water management for sustainable spices production. Proc. National seminar on water and nutrient management for sustainable production and quality of spices. ISS, IISR, Calicut, 5-6 Oct 1997. 12-20.
Sharma, R. P., Datt, N. and Chander, G. (2009). Effect of vermicompost, FYM and mineral fertilizers on yield and nutrient uptake and soil fertility in okra-onion sequence in wet temperate zone of Himachal Pradesh. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 57: 357?361.
Sharma, V., Kanwar, K. and Dev, S. P. (2004). Efficient recycling of obnosious weed plants (Lantana camera L.) and congress grass (Parthenium hysterophorous L.) as organic manure through vermicompost. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 52:112-113.
Sharma, D. P., Sharma, T. R., Agrawal, S. B. and Rawat, A. (2003). Differential response of turmeric to organic and inorganic fertilizers. NKVV Research Journal.37:17-19.
Sreenivas, C., Murlidhar, S. and Rao, M. S. (2000). Vermicompost- a viable component of IPNSS in nitrogen nutrition of ridge gourd. Annals of Agricultural Research. 21:108-113.
Subbiah, B.V., and Asija. G.L. (1956). A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Science. 25(8): 259?260.
Velmurugan, M., Chezhiyan, N., Jawaharlal, M. (2009). Influence of organic manures and inorganic fertilizers on cured rhizome yield and quality of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) Cv. BSR-2. International Journal of Agriculture Science. 4(1):142-145.
Yaduvanshi, N. P. S. (2001). Effect of five years of rice wheat cropping and NPK fertilizer use with and without organic and green manures on soil properties and crop yields in a reclamation sodic soil. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 49(4): 714?719.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)