Renu Kumari Ranbir Singh Neeraj Kumar


Soil is a very important factor of the plant growth and crop yield. But   now a days, very small area of the soil can actually be fertile for agriculture, and if we manage improperly it can be depleted. So the big problem, how we manage and increase the fertility of soil. It has been reported that soil organic carbon and soil matter is the most important indicator of soil quality and soil health. It is also beneficial for agricultural sustainability. In this review, we summarized how crop residue management affects soil organic carbon (SOC), soil organic matter (SOM), soil aggregation, effect of residue burning and crop productivity in different cropping system. Proper use of crop residue can increase or maintain the physical and chemical properties of SOM and improve the quality of soil. Manure or crop residue alone may not be adequate to maintain SOC levels. Knowledge and assessment of changes (positive or negative) in SOC and SOM with time is still needed to evaluate the impact of different management practices.




Soil organic carbon, crop yield, crop residue, soil properties

Aguilera, E., Lassaletta, L., Gattinger, A. and Gimeno, B. S. (2013). Managing soil carbon for climate change mitigation and adaptation in Mediterranean cropping systems: a meta-analysis. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 168: 25–36.
Bakht, J., Shafi, M., Jan, M. T. and Shah, Z. (2009). Influence of crop residue management, cropping system and N fertilizer on soil N and C dynamics and sustainable wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production. Soil and Tillage Research, 104(2): 233-240.
Bakker, H. (1990). The World Food Crisis: Food Security in Comparative Perspective. Canadian Scholars Press.
Berzsenyi, Z., Gy?rffy, B., and Lap, D. (2000). Effect of crop rotation and fertilization on maize and wheat yields and yield stability in a long-term experiment. European Journal of Agronomy, 13(2): 225-244.
Bhattacharyya, R., Kundu, S., Pandey, S. C., Singh, K. P., and Gupta, H. S. (2008). Tillage and irrigation effects on crop yields and soil properties under the rice–wheat system in the Indian Himalayas. Agricultural water management, 95(9): 993-1002.
Bhattacharyya, R., Singh, R. D., Chandra, S., Kundu, S., and Gupta, H. S. (2006). Effect of tillage and irrigation on yield and soil properties under rice (Oryza sativa)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) system on a sandy clay loam soil of Uttaranchal. Indian journal of agricultural science, 76(7): 405-409.
Blevins, R. L., and Frye, W. W. (1993). Conservation tillage: an ecological approach to soil management. Advances in agronomy (USA), 56:111-128
Box Jr, J. E., Bruce, R. R. and Agassi, M. (1996). The effect of surface cover on infiltration and soil erosion. Soil erosion, conservation and rehabilitation, 67: 107-123.
Brady, N. C. and Weil, R. R. (2000). Elements of the nature and properties of soils (No. 631.4 B733E.). Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA:Prentice hall.
Cannell, R. Q. and Hawes, J. D. (1994). Trends in tillage practices in relation to sustainable crop production with special reference to temperate climates.Soil and Tillage Research, 30(2): 245-282.
Choudhury, S. G., Srivastava, S., Singh, R., Chaudhari, S. K., Sharma, D. K., Singh, S. K. and Sarkar, D. (2014). Tillage and residue management effects on soil aggregation, organic carbon dynamics and yield attribute in rice–wheat cropping system under reclaimed sodic soil. Soil and Tillage Research, 136: 76-83.
Christian, D. G. and Miller, D. P. (1986). Straw incorporation by different tillage systems and the effect on growth and yield of winter oats. Soil and Tillage Research, 8: 239-252.
Chalise, K.S., S. Singh, B. Wegner, S. Kumar, J.D. Pérez-Gutiérrez, S. Osborne, T. Nleya, J. Guzman, and J.S. Rohila. 2019. Cover crops and returning residue impact on soil organic carbon, bulk density, penetration resistance, water retention, infiltration, and soybean yield. Agron. J. 111:99–108. doi:10.2134/agronj2018.03.0213
Clapp, C. E., Allmaras, R. R., Layese, M. F., Linden, D. R. and Dowdy, R. H. (2000). Soil organic carbon and 13 C abundance as related to tillage, crop residue, and nitrogen fertilization under continuous corn management in Minnesota. Soil and Tillage Research, 55(3): 127-142.
Cvetkov, M., Santavec, I., Kocjan Acko, D. and Tajnsek, A. 2010. Soil organic matter content according to different management system within long-term experiment. Acta agriculturae Slovenica, 95:79–88.
Duiker, S. W. and Lal, R. (1999). Crop residue and tillage effects on carbon sequestration in a Luvisol in central Ohio. Soil and Tillage Research, 52(1): 73-81.
Farquharson, R. J., Schwenke, G. D. and Mullen, J. D. (2003). Should we manage soil organic carbon in Vertosols in the northern grains region of Australia. Animal Production Science, 43(3): 261-270.
Feichtinger, F., Erhart, E. and Hartl, W. (2004). Net N-mineralisation related to soil organic matter pools. Plant Soil and Environment, 50(6): 273-276.
Gao, F., B. Zhao, S. Dong, P. Liu, and J. Zhang. 2018. Response of maize root growth to residue management strategies. Agron. J. 110:95–103. doi:10.2134/agronj2017.06.0307
Gardiner, D.T., Miller, R.W. (2004): Soils in Our Environment. 10th ed. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey
Gill, B. S. and Jalota, S. K. (1996). Evaporation from soil in relation to residue rate, mixing depth, soil texture and evaporativity. Soil Technology, 8(4): 293-301.
Gosai, K., Arunachalam, A. and Dutta, B. K. (2009). Influence of conservation tillage on soil physicochemical properties in a tropical rainfed agricultural system of northeast India. Soil and Tillage, 105(1) : 63-71.
Guo-Wei, XU., Gui-Lu, Tan., Zhi-Qin, Wang., Li-Jun, Liu. and Jian-Chang, Y. (2009). Effects of wheat residue application and site-specific nitrogen management on growth and development in direct-seeding rice. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 35(4), 685-694.
Jenny, H. (1980). The Soil Resource: Origin and Behavior. Ecol. Stud. 37. Springer-Verlag, New York.
Karami, A., Homaee, M., Afzalinia, S., Ruhipour, H. and Basirat, S. (2012). Organic resource management: Impacts on soil aggregate stability and other soil physico-chemical properties.  Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 148: 22-28.
Kismanyoky, T. and Toth, Z. (2010). Effect of mineral and organic fertilization on soil fertility as well as on the biomass production and N utilization of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in a long- term cereal crop rotation experiment (IOSDV). Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 56 : 473–479.
Kumar, M., Singh, R. R. and Rana, N. S. (2003). Effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrition on productivity of rice (Oryza sativa)*. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 48(3): 175-177.
Lal, R., Kimble, J., Levine, E. and Whitman, C. (1995). World soils and greenhouse effect: An overview. Soils and global change, 90: 1-7.
Loveland, P. and Webb, J. (2003). Is there a critical level of organic matter in the agricultural soils of temperate regions: a review. Soil and Tillage Research, 70(1): 1-18.
Malhi, S. S., Nyborg, M., Goddard, T. and Puurveen, D. (2011). Long-term tillage, straw management and N fertilization effects on quantity and quality of organic C and N in a Black Chernozem soil. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 90(2): 227-241.
Mandal, K. G., Misra, A. K., Hati, K. M., Bandyopadhyay, K. K., Ghosh, P. K. and Mohanty, M. (2004). Rice residue-management options and effects on soil properties and crop productivity. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment, 2: 224-231.
Mambanengwe, F. and Mapfumo, P. (2005). Organic matter management as an underlying cause for soil fertility gradients on smallholder farms in Zimbabwe. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 73: 227-243.
Onemli, F. (2004). The effects of soil organic matter on seedling emergence in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Plant Soil Environ., 50(11): 494-499.
Paikaray, R. L., Mahapatra, B. S. and Sharma, G. L. (2001). Integrated nitrogen management in rice (Oryza sativa)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 46(4): 592-600.
Powlson, D.S., Riche, A.B., Coleman, K., Glendining, M.J. and Whitmore, A.P. (2008). Carbon sequestration in European soils through straw incorporation: limitations and alternatives. Waste Management, 28: 741–746
Prihar, S. S., Jalota, S. K. and Teiner. (1996). Residue management for reducing evaporation in relation to soil type and evaporativity. Soil Use Mgt., 12: 150-157.
Rahman, M. A., Chikushi, J., Saifizzaman, M. and Lauren, J. G. (2005). Rice straw mulching and nitrogen response of no-till wheat following rice in Bangladesh. Field Crops Research, 91(1): 71-81.
Ryan, J., Pauw, E. D., Gomez, H., Mrabet, R., Peterson, G. A., Unger, P. W. and Payne, W. A. (2006). Drylands of the Mediterranean zone: biophysical resources and cropping systems. Dryland agriculture, (Ed. 2): 577-624.
Saroa, G. S. and Lal, R. (2003). Soil restorative effects of mulching on aggregation and carbon sequestration in a Miamian soil in central Ohio. Land Degradation and Development, 14(5): 481-493.
Satiro, L.S., M. R. Cherubon, I.P. Lisboa, R. de Souza Noia, Junior, C. C. Cerri, and C.E. P. Cerri. 2019. Predication of sugarcane yield by soil attribute under straw removal management. Agron. J. 111:14–23. doi:10.2134/agronj2018.01.0021
Sharma, S. N. (2002). Nitrogen management in relation to wheat (Triticum aestivum) residue management in rice (Oryza sativa). Indian journal of agricultural science, 72(8): 449-452.
Sidhu, H. S., Humphreys, E., Dhillon, S. S., Blackwell, J. and Bector, V. (2007). The Happy Seeder enables direct drilling of wheat into rice stubble. Animal Production Science, 47(7): 844-854.
Singh, Y. and Sidhu, H. S. (2014). Management of cereal crop residues for sustainable rice-wheat production system in the Indo-Gangetic Plains of India. Proceedings of Indian National Science Academy, 80(1): 95-114.
Spiegel, H., Dersch, G., Baumgarten, A. and Hosch, J. (2010). The International organic nitrogen long-term fertilisation experiment (IOSDV) at Vienna after 21 years. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 56: 405–420.
Srivastava, A. P., Panwar, J. S. and Garg, R. N. (2000). Influence of tillage on soil properties and wheat productivity in rice (Oryza sativa)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system.  Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 70(4): 207-210.
Tan De-shui., Ji-yun, J. I. N., Shao-wen, H. U. A. N. G., Shu-tian, L. I. and Ping, H. E. (2007). Effect of long-term application of K fertilizer and wheat straw to soil on crop yield and soil K under different planting systems. Agricultural Sciences in china, 6(2) : 200-207.
Thakur, R. C., Bindra, A. D., Sood, R. D. and Bhargava, M. (1995). Effect of fertilizer application and green-manuring on physico-chemical properties of soil and grain yield in rice (Oryza sativa)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) crop sequence. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 40(1): 4-13.
Vasilica Stan, Gina, Fîntîneru and Mihalache. (2014). Multicriteria Analysis of the effects of field burning crop residues. Bot Horti Agrobo, 42(1):255-262.
Yadvinder-Singh, B. S. and Timsina, J. (2005). Crop residue management for nutrient cycling and improving soil productivity in rice-based cropping systems in the tropics. Advances in Agronomy, 85: 269-407.
Yadvinder-Singh, Man Gpreet-Singh, Sidhu ,H .S., Khanna, P. K., Kapoor, S., Jain, A. K., Singh, A. K., Sidhu, G. K., Avtar-Singh, Chaudhary, D. P. and Minhas, P. S. (2010). Options for Effective Utilization of Crop Residues, Directorate of Research, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.
Zhang, P., Chen, X., Wei, T., Yang, Z., Jia, Z., Yang, B. and Ren, X. (2016). Effects of straw incorporation on the soil nutrient contents, enzyme activities, and crop yield in a semiarid region of China. Soil and Tillage Research, 160: 65-72.
Zhang, P., Wei, T., Jia, Z., Han, Q. and Ren, X. (2014). Soil aggregate and crop yield changes with different rates of straw incorporation in semiarid areas of northwest China. Geoderma, 230: 41-49.
Research Articles

How to Cite

Effect of crop residue management on soil organic carbon, soil organic matter and crop yield: An overview. (2019). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 11(3), 712-717. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v11i3.2152