The rhizosphere region of eight different paddy field areas of Theni district was studied for their physico-chemical analysis of soil and the population density of Azospirillum sp. The study results showed range of values of pH (7.4-7.9), bulk density (1.13g/cm3 -1.60g/cm3), water holding capacity (34.31% - 18.25%), electrical conductivity (1.31 – 1.11), organic carbon (0.93% - 0.71%) . The macronutrient values namely total nitrogen (1.72% - 0.78%), phosphorus content (0.177% - 0.122%) and potassium (1.364% - 1.273%) were observed. Also micronutrients of various paddy fields like Zn (0.9% - 0.5%), Cu (2.3% - 1.7%), Fe (10.9% -8.2%), Mn (6.7% - 5.2%) were recorded, whereas the values of available macronutrients namely nitrogen (295kg/ha - 223kg/ha), phosphorous (89Kg/acre - 49kg/acre), potassium (790kg/acre - 490kg/acre) were noted. The Azospirillum population density was highest in Chinnamanur (192 x105 CFU/g) and lowest in Royyanpatti (91 x105 CFU/g). Thus through this work we were able to isolate and identify novel high yielding Azosprillium sp from paddy fields of Theni district.
Azospirillum, Paddy, Population density, Rhizosphere, Soil, Theni
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