A comparative field studies on seven municipal dumpsites namely Agara 1 (12.917°N , 77.639°E), Agara 2 (12.922°N, 77.639°E), HSR depot (12.919°N, 77.644°E) , Koramangala Church (12.934°N, 77.626°E) , Koramanagla BDA (12.931°N, 77.625°E), Garvebhayipalya (12.897°N, 77.638°E) and Sanjay Gandhi hospital (12.891°N, 77.601°E), and its adjoining non-dump sites were conducted to understand their soil characteristic features and the vegetation pattern. Soil characteristics were presented in terms of the physicochemical parameters and the vegetation patterns were presented in terms of the dominance using the ecological parameter Important Value Index (IVI). Soils at the dump sites showed higher mean electrical conductivity and pH values as compared to the non-dump sites. Though the mineral content showed higher mean value in the dump sites (except chloride), there is no significant variation in the higher total soluble solutes between dump and non-dump sites(P>0.05) As per ANNOVA there was highly significant variation in the heavy metal content between dump and non dumpsites (P<0.01).. With respect to vegetation analysis though 50 different species found across locations only 10 species viz Alternatheria sessile, Amaranthus spinose, Caesalpinia pulcherima, Ipomea acumilanata, Ipomea evolvulus, Parthenium hysterophorous Pisum sativum, Ricinis communis, Sida rombifolia and Solanum lycopersicum were found consistent across all locations irrespective of the seasons. Among these, A. sessile, R. communis and A. spinosa were found dominant based on the IVI values across seven locations which further can be studied for their potential for phyto remediating the land pollutants such as heavy metals.
ANOVA, dominant species, physicochemical characteristics, species diversity
Azeez, J. O., Hassan, O. A., and Egunjobi, P. O. (2011). Soil contamination at dump sites: implication of soil heavy metals distribution in municipal solid waste disposal system: a case study of Abeokuta, South-western Nigeria. Soil and Sediment Contamination, 20(4), 370-386·
Calli, B., Mertoglu, B., and Inanc, B. (2005). Landfill leachate management in Istanbul: applications and alternatives. Chemosphere, 59, 819–829.
Chiroma, T. M., Ebewele, R. O., and Hymore, F. K. (2014). Comparative assessment of heavy metal levels in soil, vegetables and urban grey waste water used for irrigation in Yola and Kano. International Refereed Journal of Engineering and Science, 3(2):1-9
Christensen, T.H., Kjeldsen, P., Bjerg, P.L., Jensen, D.L., Christensen, J.B., and Heron, G. (2001). Biogeochemistry of landfill leachate plumes. Applied Geochemistry, 16(7-8), 659-718.
DAC. (2011). Methods and manual soil testing in India. Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi, India.
El-Fadel, M., Bou-Zeid, E., Chahine, W., and Alayli B. (2002) Temporal variation of leachate quality from pre-sorted and baled municipal solid waste with high organic and moisture content. Waste Management, 22, 269–282.
Garc?a, A. J., Esteban, M. B., M´arquez, M. C., and Ramos, P. (2005). Biodegradable municipal solid waste: characterization and potential use as animal feedstuffs. Waste Management, 25, 780–787.
Kent, M. (2011). Vegetation description and data analysis: a practical approach. USA: John Wiley and Sons.
Mahapatra, D.M., Chanakya, H.N., and Ramachandra, T.V. (2011). Role of macrophytes in sewage fed urban lake. Institute of Integrative Omics and Applied Biotechnology Journal, 2(8), 1-9.
Nagendran, R. A., Selvam, K. J., and Chart, C. (2006). Phytoremediation and rehabilitation of municipal solid waste landfills and dump sites: A brief review. Waste Management, 26, 1357–1369,
Opaluwa, O. D., Aremu, M. O., Ogbo, L. O., Abiola K. A., et al., (2012). Heavy metal concentrations in soils, plant leaves and crops grown around dump sites in Lafia Metropolis, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Advances in Applied Science Research, 3(2):780-784
Pattnaik, S., and Reddy, M.V., (2010). Assessment of municipal solid waste management in Puducherry (Pondicherry), India. Resources Conservation and Recycling, 54, 512–520.
Pillai, S., Peter, A.E., Sunil, B.M., and Shrihari, S. (2014). Soil pollution near a municipal solid waste disposal site in India. International Conference on Biological, Civil and Environmental Engineering. 148-152. http://dx.doi.org/10.15242/IICBE.C0314080
Rajkumar, J., and Sirajuddin, A. (2016). Status and challenges of municipal solid waste management in India: a review. Cogent Environmental Science, 2(1), 1139434.
Schulte, E.E. (2004). Soil and applied magnesium. In A2524 Understanding Soil Nutrients. University of Wisconsin-Madison USA. http://www.soils.wisc.edu/extension/pubs/A2524
Singh, R.P., Singh, P., Arouja, A. S. F., Ibrahim, M.H., and Sulaiman, O. (2011). Management of urban solid waste: vermicomposting a sustainable option. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 55, 719–729.
Sudhir, V., Muraleedharan, V. R., and Srinivasan, G. (1996). Integrated solid waste management in Urban India: A critical operational research framework. Socio Economic Planning Sciences, 30, 163–181.
Syeda, M. A., Pervaiz, A., Afzal, B., Hamid, N., and Yasmin, A. (2014). Open dumping of municipal solid waste and its hazardous impacts on soil and vegetation diversity at waste dumping sites of Islamabad city. Journal of King Saud University Science, 26:59-65
Tripathi A., Misra D.R., (2012), Floral distributions at municipal waste dumpsites in relation to their soil properties: Identification of adaptive plants. Bulletin of Environmental and Scientific Research, 1: (2), 1-10.
USDA. (2011). Soil quality indicator: soil electrical conductivity. Natural Resources Conservation Services, USA.
USEPA. (1983). Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometric method for trace element analysis of water and waste – method 200.7.
Zennaro, M., Cristofori, F., Formigoni, D., Frignani, F., and Pavoni, B. (2005). Heavy metal contamination in compost. A possible solution. Annali di Chimica, 95, 247–256.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)