The present study was conducted during the rabi season of the years of 2014-15 and 2015-16 at the Instructional Farm of Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Pundibari, Cooch Behar to evaluate the performance of twelve garden pea (Pisum sativum var. hortense) genotypes (Arkel, Azad P-1, Kohinoor-10, Nirali, PusaPragathi, PH 89, Sabuj Sona, Punjab 89, Azad P-3, Debratna-111, PAN 4009, Golden Pea Geetanjali) with respect to plant height (cm), days to flowering (days), pod length (cm), pod width (cm0, number of pods, yield(g/plant and tonnes/hectare), shelling per cent (%) and protein content (%) in terai region of West Bengal. The experiment was carried out in factorial randomized block design with three replications. Farm yard manure (FYM) @ 15tonnes/ha was applied during land preparation and common fertilizer dose N:P:K @30:50:50 kg/ha was applied in each treatment. The results of the experiment revealed that the highest plant height (51.57 cm) and earliest flowering at 45.22 days after sowing (DAS) was obtained from Azad P-3 and Arkel respectively; whereas lowest plant height (35.62 cm) and most delayed flowering (53.61 DAS) were observed in Sabuj Sona.The higher magnitude of number of pods per plant(19.98), number of seeds per pod (7.27) ,yield per plant (69.34 g)and total yield per hectare(12.33 t/ha) were recorded in Kohinnoor-10.Regarding the quality parameters, Azad P-3 recorded the highest shelling percentage (48.93%) as well as the highest protein percentage (23.24%).Considering the yield parameters and yield Kohinnoor-10 may be selected; whereas with respect to quality parameters Azad P-3 may be superior for the terai region of West Bengal.
Garden pea, Growth performance, Quality, Variety, Yield
Amjad, M. and Anjum, M. A. (2002). Performance of nine pea cultivars under Faisalabad conditions. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 39: 16-19.
Avramenko, S. (2017) Which Country Produces the Most Green Peas in the World? Other Non-Perennial Crops, November 07, 2017, (https://www.indexbox.io/blog/which-country-produces-the-most-green-peas-in-the-world/)
Bozoglu, H., Peksen, E., Peksen, A. and Gulumser, A. (2007). Determination of the yield performance and harvesting periods of fifteen pea (Pisum sativum L.) cultivars sown in autumn and spring. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 39: 2017-2025.
Gomez, K. A. and Gomez, A. A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research (2 ed). Jhon Wiley and Sons .Newyork, 84-97.
IIVR (2011). Indian Institute of Vegetable Research Database. Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Govt. of India., Varanasi, India.www.iivr.org.in.
Jackson, M. L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd; New Delhi Delhi. pp 497.
Khan, T.N., Ramzan, A., Jillani, G. and Mehmood, T. (2013). Morphological performance of peas (pisum sativum L.) genotypes under rainfed conditions of potowar region. Journal of Agricultural Research, 51 : 51-60.
Khichi, P., Chandan, P. M., Chauhan, J., Srinivas, J. and Bhagat, M. (2016). Varietal evaluation of garden pea under semi-arid conditions of Vidharba region. International Journal of Farm Sciences, 6: 20-24.
Kumar, A. V. R., Sharma, R. R. and Deshmukh, P. S. (2008). Patterns of pod and seed growth during fruit development in garden pea genotypes. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 65: 293-296.
Lowry, O.H., Rosebrough, N.J., Farr, A.L. and Randall, R.J. (1951). Journal of Biological Chemistry, 193 : 265-275.
Makasheva, R. K. (1983). The pea. Oxonian Press Private Limited., New Delhi, India.,78 -107.
NHB., (2017). National Horticulture Database. National Horticulture Board, Govt. of India., Gurgaon, India.www.nhb.gov.in.
Phom, A. C., Kanaujia, S. P. and Chaturvedi, H. P. (2014). Performance of various genotypes of pea under foothill condition of Nagaland. Annals of Plant and Soil Research,16 :285-288.
Sharma, T. R. (1999). Combining ability and heterosis in garden pea (Pisum sativum) in the cold desert Himalayan region. Indian journal of Agricultural Sciences, 69 (5): 386-388.
Singh, R. and Singh, P.M. (2011). Effect of sowing dates and varieties on yield and quality of garden pea seed. Vegetable Science.,38 :184-187.
Thamburaj, S. and Singh, N.(2013).Vegetables, Tubercrops and Spices. Directorate of Knowledge Management in Agriculture., Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi , India., 4-198.
Walkley, A. and Black, J. A. (1934). An estimation of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and proposed modification of the chronic acid titration methods. Soil Science, 37: 27-28.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Â© Author (s)